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Veal vs Beef - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Veal
vs
Beef

Introduction

Humans have been eating flesh of bovines from prehistoric times. They domesticated cattle around 8000 BC to provide ready access to milk and leather. It is unknown when people started cooking beef and veal but as times passed there was a huge demand for it. Veal is a meat that we get from the flesh of a calf, usually younger than 20 weeks old.

The difference between veal and beef

These calves are separated from the cow 3 days after their birth. They have nutritionally balanced diets that contain iron and 40 other nutrients which are essential for them to grow. We could say that most part of the calves are special fed. The calves are treated individually with specialized care. They have a milk replacer diet which provides them with 40 vitamins and minerals that they require. The calves that are slaughtered and used in the veal production are a by-product of dairy industry. Beef on the other hand, beef (also called "red" meat) is the flesh of a cow, steer or bull which are raised and killed for their meat. They are usually 2 years old. Beef is known as "red" meat because of the red cells in the blood which is delivered by the oxygen to the muscles; also it contains more myoglobin than fish or chicken. We know at least 50 different breeds of beef cattle but only 10 of them are mostly produced because of their demand in the market. There is no special treatment for these cows at the beginning. All the cattle start to grow by eating grass and when they are mature enough they are fed specially formulated diet which is mostly based on corn and other grains. However, hormones are also used to promote their growth. Antibiotics may also be used to prevent them from getting infected or treating a disease. Beef is aged from 10 days to 6 weeks to develop additional tenderness and flavour. Some of the biggest cattle breeds are Angus, Charolais, Brahman and Hereford.

Cooking

Veal has been an important ingredient in Italian, German, Swiss, French, Hungarian and Czech cuisines. It is usually prepared in dry or moist heat. It can be roasted, broiled, grilled or stir fried to make cutlets, veal patties, loin chops and barbecues. Brazil, India and Australia are the world’s largest exporters of beef. Countries like Uruguay, Canada, Paraguay, Mexico, Belarus and Argentina also give a large importance to beef products. Beef is also grilled on charcoal in countries such as New Zealand, US, Uk, and Germany. This is known as barbeque or charbroiling. Some dishes made by beef are Mechado (Philippines) Meatloaf, beefsteak, khash, meatball and so on.

Nutritional Content Comparison

When looking down the charts of comparison, it becomes visible that according to their market value beef is cheaper. From the viewpoint of minerals, these foods are almost equal, whereas beef contains three times more iron and two times more zinc compared to the first food. The calculations are based on 300gr of each meat type. From the other hand, veal contains more potassium, magnesium, copper, phosphorus than the other one. When talking about vitamins it should be mentioned that veal is relatively high in vitamins, as it contains approximately two times more vitamin B3 and B5 than the other one. However the latter contains two times more vitamin B12 than the other one and they both contain almost equal amounts of vitamin B6 and K.

Health Impact

Veal is rich in Vitamin B which gives us energy and a healthy metabolism. There are people who have difficulty in digesting beef or any other red meat but veal is easily absorbed by your digestive system because it is tender. Eating veal is good special for those people who have low carb diet because veal has zero carb. People who avoid eating high calorie or high cholesterol food can safely eat veal. Beef is affordable, healthy and environmentally friendly food. It contains nutrients such as protein, iron and zinc. Beef has the same heart healthy fats that we find in olive oil. Beef is nutritionally denser than peanut butter, beans and other vegetarian protein options. It is important to highlight that grass-fed beef contains almost two times more beta-carotene and lutein than conventionally fed beef. And you may check the type of meat by the colour o fat, if it is yellowish, then it is grass-fed beef. Moreover, grass-fed beef contains less cholesterol than conventionally fed calf.

Inflammatory and immune assistance

Various large-scale studies show that the chronic immune and inflammatory health issues are radically decreased due to the intake of grass-fed beef. And all it is thanks to substantial amounts of the antioxidant vitamin E and beta-carotene, selenium and zinc in the consistency of beef. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is an omega-6 fatty acid present in grass-fed beef. Its unique structure promotes various health benefits such as inflammatory and immune support, improved bone mass, blood sugar regulation, maintenance of lean body mass and reduced body fat.

SUMMARY

As a conclusion, it stays to add, beef is richer in vitamins almost two times, whereas in the area of minerals they are almost the same. What refers to calories, fats and proteins, beef is a winner again. Thus, it is up to you which one to choose as different people have different requirements and preferences.

References
https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/risk-red-meat
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1946.tb16332.x/full

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Veal
4
:
4
Beef
Contains more Magnesium +14.3%
Contains more Copper +21.2%
Contains more Iron +162.6%
Contains more Zinc +63%
Contains less Sodium -13.3%
Equal in Calcium - 18
Equal in Potassium - 318
Equal in Phosphorus - 198
Contains more Magnesium +14.3%
Contains more Copper +21.2%
Contains more Iron +162.6%
Contains more Zinc +63%
Contains less Sodium -13.3%
Equal in Calcium - 18
Equal in Potassium - 318
Equal in Phosphorus - 198

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Veal
6
:
3
Beef
Contains more Vitamin E +25%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +52.2%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +53.4%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +49.3%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +76.3%
Contains more Vitamin D +∞%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B12 +107.9%
Equal in Vitamin B6 - 0.382
Equal in Vitamin K - 1.2
Contains more Vitamin E +25%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +52.2%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +53.4%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +49.3%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +76.3%
Contains more Vitamin D +∞%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B12 +107.9%
Equal in Vitamin B6 - 0.382
Equal in Vitamin K - 1.2

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

Summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfils human daily needs, the more the summary score is
Vitamin Summary Score
29
Veal
28
Beef
Mineral Summary Score
30
Veal
37
Beef

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Protein
146%
Veal
156%
Beef
Carbohydrates
0%
Veal
0%
Beef
Fats
35%
Veal
71%
Beef

Which food is preferable in case of diets?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Veal Beef
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet Equal
Low glycemic index diet Equal

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Veal
Veal is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 2.855g)
Which food is cheaper?
Beef
Beef is cheaper (difference - $0.2)
Which food is lower in Cholesterol?
Beef
Beef is lower in Cholesterol (difference - 15mg)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Beef
Beef contains less Sodium (difference - 11mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be definitely stated which food is richer in vitamins. See charts below for detailed information.
Which food is richer in minerals?
?
It cannot be definitely stated which food is richer in minerals. See charts below for detailed information.
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
?
The foods have equal glycemic indexes (0)
Which food contains less Sugars?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Sugars (0 g)

Comparison summary table

Pay attention at the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Veal Beef
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Cholesterol ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Rich in vitamins Equal
Rich in minerals Equal
Lower in glycemic index Equal
Lower in Sugars Equal

People also compare

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

In the column "Opinion" we made some assumptions which could be controversial. For instance we are assuming that less saturated fats is good for you. Please ignore this column if you have your own opinion.We marked the nutrients, comparison of which we considered as not meaningful, as "N/A"
Nutrient Veal Beef Opinion
Calories 172 250 Beef
Protein 24.38 25.93 Beef
Fats 7.56 15.41 Beef
Vitamin C 0 0
Carbs 0 0
Cholesterol 103 88 Beef
Vitamin D 0 2 Beef
Iron 0.99 2.6 Beef
Calcium 17 18 Beef
Potassium 337 318 Veal
Magnesium 24 21 Veal
Sugars 0 0
Fiber 0 0
Copper 0.103 0.085 Veal
Zinc 3.87 6.31 Beef
Starch
Phosphorus 217 198 Veal
Sodium 83 72 Beef
Vitamin A 0 9 Beef
Vitamin E 0.15 0.12 Veal
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.07 0.046 Veal
Vitamin B2 0.27 0.176 Veal
Vitamin B3 8.03 5.378 Veal
Vitamin B5 1.16 0.658 Veal
Vitamin B6 0.39 0.382 Veal
Vitamin B12 1.27 2.64 Beef
Vitamin K 1.2 1.2
Folic acid (B9) 0 0
Trans Fat 0.572 Veal
Saturated Fat 3.04 5.895 Veal
Monounsaturated Fat 2.84 6.668 Beef
Polyunsaturated fat 0.55 0.484 Veal
Tryptophan 0.247 0.094 Veal
Threonine 1.065 0.72 Veal
Isoleucine 1.201 0.822 Veal
Leucine 1.94 1.45 Veal
Lysine 2.009 1.54 Veal
Methionine 0.569 0.478 Veal
Phenylalanine 0.984 0.725 Veal
Valine 1.347 0.914 Veal
Histidine 0.885 0.604 Veal
The main source of information is USDA Food Composition Database (U.S. Department of Agriculture)
Dietary Guidelines for Americans is used as the primary source for advice in this web resource
Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.