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Arugula and Diabetes - Is It Good For Diabetics

Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on August 21, 2023
Medically reviewed by Astghik Grigoryan Article author photo Astghik Grigoryan


Arugula, also known as rocket, is a super-nutritious green leafy vegetable that has many beneficial effects on blood sugar and insulin levels in the case of diabetes.

Glycemic Index and Carbohydrates

The total amount of carbs you consume affects your blood sugar levels after you eat, so it is essential to consume carbs in moderation. Low GI and carbohydrate diets are generally beneficial for blood glucose control.

Arugula has a low carbohydrate content and low glycemic index. It provides only 3.65g of carbs per 100g. The GI value of arugula is equal to 32, which is considered a low GI.

This means arugula consumption can't raise blood sugar levels; this vegetable can also help lower glucose levels in the blood.

Besides, arugula contains a good amount of fiber, which can also benefit people with diabetes since fiber slows digestion. High-fiber foods make people feel fuller for extended periods, which can aid in the prevention of overeating (1).

You can visit our Glycemic index chart page for glycemic index values of 350+ pages.

Type-2 Diabetes

Arugula contains a high amount of alpha-lipoic acids, a powerful antioxidant. It can improve glucose transport into cells and prevent diabetic neuropathic complications (2).

Research shows that isothiocyanate compounds such as sulforaphane and erucin can lower the body's risk of cancer, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Sulforaphane can also help with insulin resistance (3.4).

Besides, arugula is also rich in Vitamin A and Vitamin K, which may aid in regulating insulin release and improving glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity.

According to one test-tube study, arugula extract has anti-diabetic effects.

Arugula and other cruciferous vegetables are also high in fiber, which aids in blood glucose regulation and may reduce insulin resistance (5.6).

Several studies have found that eating vegetables lowers the risk of developing type-2 diabetes. Arugula contains a lot of lutein and zeaxanthin, two antioxidants that are good for your eyes. Because eye problems are a real risk of diabetes, eating plenty of lutein and zeaxanthin may help lower your risk of blindness, glaucoma, macular degeneration, and other devastating vision problems. They also help lower blood pressure, a significant risk factor for heart disease (7).

Arugula is high in calcium and magnesium, essential minerals for dilating blood vessels and maintaining healthy blood pressure levels.

It also contains a significant amount of potassium, which may help reduce the risk of hypertension.

Consuming a balanced and nutritious diet that includes whole grains, dairy, fish, fruits, vegetables, and greens (including these ones) can effectively reduce fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c, and LDL (bad cholesterol) levels in people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (8).


Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: August 21, 2023
Medically reviewed by Astghik Grigoryan
Data provided by should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.