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Cranberry and Diabetes - Is It Good For Diabetics

Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on April 18, 2022
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU

Introduction

Research says that you can eat fruits in the case of diabetes, but some are higher in sugar, so that can raise your blood glucose levels. Today we’ll discuss whether cranberries are suitable in the case of diabetes.

Glycemic Index and Carbohydrates

The total amount of carbohydrates you consume can affect your blood sugar levels after you eat, so it is essential to track the carbs number you consume. Cranberry has a low carbohydrates content and low glycemic index. It provides 11.97g of carbs per 100g. The GI value of cranberry equals 45, which is considered a low GI.

This means cranberry consumption can't raise blood sugar levels, and according to research, its consumption can lower glucose levels in the blood.

Visit our Glycemic index chart page for GI values of 350+ foods.

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Research indicates that cranberries may increase insulin sensitivity in insulin-resistant people who are overweight or obese because of their high polyphenol content [1].

Another study suggests no significant differences after cranberry consumption in insulin, insulin resistance evaluated by homeostasis model assessment, lipid profiles, and blood pressure [2].

Overall, the consumption of cranberry appears to be beneficial in treating type 2 diabetes [3].

One study shows that daily consumption of cranberry for three months lowered fasting blood glucose and lipid levels in people who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes for 6–17 years [4].

Cranberries may help enhance blood glucose response in those who eat a high-fat diet.

In people with type 2 diabetes, cranberries have been demonstrated to lower the postprandial glucose response generated by a high-fat breakfast [5].

Cranberry contains a high amount of fiber: 3.6g per 100g. Cranberry falls in the range of the top 23% of foods as a source of fiber.

Fiber can help improve blood sugar levels by slowing the absorption of sugar. According to studies, a healthy diet that includes fiber-rich food can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes [6].

References

  1. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12580526/
  2. https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2017/fo/c7fo00900c#!divAbstract
  3. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
  4. Can Cranberry Supplementation Benefit Adults With Type 2 Diabetes?
  5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28290272/
  6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19335713/
Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: April 18, 2022
Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.