Foodstruct Nutrition Search | Diet Analysis | Food Comparison | Glycemic Index Chart | Insulin Index Chart | Blog | Subscribe | Sign Up

Corn Syrup Glycemic Index (GI), Glycemic Load (GL), and Insulin Index (II)

Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan by Victoria Mazmanyan | Last updated on August 03, 2023
Medically reviewed by Igor Bussel Article author photo Igor Bussel

Corn syrup is extremely high in carbs and falls in the top 3% of foods as a source of net carbs, providing 78g per 100g serving.

Glycemic Index of Corn Syrup

The glycemic index of corn syrup varies depending on its fructose content and added ingredients.

According to The International Tables of Glycemic Index Values, the GI of dark corn syrup from the US is 90±6. Dark corn syrup has a small amount of molasses but no added high-fructose corn syrup (1).

The GI of high-fructose corn syrup has been calculated to be 56, while the GI value for high-fructose corn syrup with added molasses is 50.

Glycemic load values below 55 are low, 56 to 69 are medium, and values above 70 are high.

The effects of fructose and high-fructose corn syrup on the diabetic profile are still being studied. There is a lack of evidence to suggest they are directly linked to developing type 2 diabetes at moderate doses. However, there might be a potential cause for concern when fructose is consumed at high doses or contributes excess energy to a diet (2).

To find the complete chart of glycemic index values for over 350 foods, you can visit our Glycemic index chart page.

Glycemic Load of Corn Syrup

Due to its small serving size, corn syrup has a lower glycemic load.

The study mentioned above has calculated the GL of dark corn syrup to be 5 and the GL of high-fructose corn syrup to be 3. However, these values are intended as a general guide and are calculated for the whole food group rather than corn syrup.

We have calculated the glycemic load of dark corn syrup to be 14 for a serving of one tablespoon (20g). The formula was GL = the GI of the food x available carbohydrates per serving (g) / 100.

A glycemic load value below 10 is considered low, while a GL value in the range of 11 to 19 falls in the medium category.

Insulin Index of Corn Syrup

The insulin index of high-fructose corn syrup was measured to be 65±5. Adding molasses to the syrup lowered its II to 58±5 (3). Corn syrup can be considered to have a medium insulin index value.

To learn more about the insulin index and find a complete chart of insulin index values for over 140 foods, you can visit our Insulin index chart page.


Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Last updated: August 03, 2023
Medically reviewed by Igor Bussel
Data provided by should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.