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Kiwi Fruit and Diabetes - Is It Good For Diabetics

Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on April 19, 2022
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU

Introduction

Despite the common belief that fruits can't be consumed with diabetes, research has shown that fruits with low GI and low carbs content have beneficial effects on blood sugar levels. Kiwi fruit is one of that fruits. Let’s discuss its consumption in the case of diabetes.

Glycemic Index and Carbohydrates

Because the total amount of carbs you eat impacts your blood sugar levels after you eat, it's critical to eat carbs in moderation. Low glycemic index and carbohydrate diets have beneficial effects on blood glucose levels.

Kiwi fruit has a moderate amount of carbohydrates. It provides only 14.66g of carbs per 100g and 21.8g per serving accordingly.

Kiwifruit has a low glycemic impact and is suitable for those with diabetes [3]. According to the International Tables of Glycemic Index, the glycemic index of kiwi fruit differs depending on the country it was grown in. However, the kiwi fruit glycemic index is calculated at 58, considered a moderate GI. One in vitro estimation [3] of the glycemic index (GI) of carbohydrates in kiwifruit and in vivo estimates shows that the carbohydrate in kiwi doesn't affect blood glucose levels and that the Glycemic Index response is low. Because of the high water content of kiwifruit, a 100g serving of kiwifruit is equivalent to about 5g or one teaspoon of glucose in terms of its effect on blood glucose.

In summary, kiwi fruit doesn't raise your blood sugar levels quickly due to its water and fiber content, but eventually, it can affect glucose levels if over-consumed.

Based on studies, It is best to consume 1-2 kiwis per day [1].

You can visit our Glycemic index chart page for glycemic index values of over 350 pages.

Type-2 Diabetes

One study [2] indicates that kiwi fruit extract can uptake glucose stimulated by differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Results show that kiwi fruit extract may exert beneficial effects against diabetes via its ability to regulate adipocyte differentiation and function.

Kiwifruit is also high in fiber, which can slow the absorption of sugar and help improve blood sugar levels.

According to studies, a healthy diet that includes kiwifruit can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes [4].

References

  1. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21282342/
  2. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20087882/
  3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23394992/
  4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19335713/
Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: April 19, 2022
Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.