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Quinoa Glycemic Index (GI) and Glycemic Load (GL)

Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan by Victoria Mazmanyan | Last updated on May 01, 2022
Education: General Medicine at YSMU

Quinoa is a pseudocereal with a mild nutty taste. It is a rich source of protein, dietary fiber, and minerals with a relatively high content of carbohydrates.

Glycemic Index

Based on the numbers from the International Tables of Glycemic Index Values 2021, the GI of quinoa falls in the range of 50 to 54 (1).

The values are slightly different depending on the cooking method and variety of the quinoa.

White quinoa seems to have a slightly lower glycemic index compared to red quinoa. White quinoa cooked in boiling water for 15 minutes has a GI of 50, while the GI of boiled red quinoa is 54.

Refrigerated quinoa reheated in the microwave for 1.5 minutes has a GI of 53±5.

Several quinoa components have been found to have the potential to protect against the metabolic complications of obesity and type-2 diabetes (2).

To find the complete glycemic index list containing over 350 foods, you can go to this page.

Glycemic Load

In the study above, the average glycemic load of quinoa is presented as 24. However, this value is intended as a guide only as it has been calculated for the food group and not the exact food.

We have calculated the glycemic load of one cup of cooked quinoa (185g) to be 18. The formula used for the GL calculation: the GI of the food x available carbohydrates per serving (g) / 100.

A glycemic load value above 20 is considered high, while values in the range of 11 to 19 are considered medium.

To sum up, the mean glycemic index of quinoa is 53, and the glycemic load is 18. Moderate amounts of quinoa consumption can be recommended to diabetic individuals.

References

  1. https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/114/5/1625/6320814
  2. https://www.mdpi.com/2673-4540/2/2/7/htm
Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Last updated: May 01, 2022
Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.