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Papaya and Diabetes - Is It Good For Diabetics

Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on August 03, 2023
Medically reviewed by Jack Yacoubian Article author photo Jack  Yacoubian


We will discuss whether papaya is suitable for diabetics and its consumption benefits and side effects.

Glycemic Index and Carbohydrates

Overall, low glycemic index and low carbohydrate diets are generally beneficial for controlling blood glucose levels. Research shows a link between the number of carbs you consume and blood sugar levels. In particular, too many carbs can cause blood glucose levels, so it's essential to keep carbs in moderation. Besides, for people with diabetes who are trying to keep their blood sugar in the target range, the GI of food is essential. Papaya contains a low level of carbs; 10.82g per 100g. The glycemic index of papaya is 59, so it doesn't raise blood sugar too quickly, but still, overeating papaya can cause a blood glucose spike.

In summary, papaya is safe to eat if you live with diabetes, but it is better to be cautious about how much you consume it (1).

You can visit the Glycemic index chart page for more than 350 foods.

Type-2 Diabetes

Even though diabetes is a chronic disease, the proper treatment can help you maintain a healthy blood sugar level. According to some studies, papaya has a hypoglycemic effect on the body. It contains flavonoids, which are natural antioxidants that may aid with blood sugar regulation (2).

Papaya regulates skeletal muscle insulin response, which means that it reduces blood glucose levels by causing the uptake of glucose inside the muscle in a more efficient manner (3)(4).

Papaya has a good amount of fiber, which may help lower blood glucose levels in the case of type diabetes and may improve blood sugar and insulin levels in the case of type 2 diabetes. Fiber consumption may aid in the slowing of glucose absorption by the blood.

According to one study, fermented papaya preparations can help prevent or manage chronic oxidative stress-related diseases, especially diabetes and cancer. However, overeating papaya may negate these health benefits and cause a blood sugar spike (5).


Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: August 03, 2023
Medically reviewed by Jack Yacoubian
Data provided by should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.