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Health Benefits and Side Effects of Caviar - Is It Good for You

Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on March 31, 2022
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU

Health Benefits

Caviar has a rich nutritional profile and many health benefits. In particular, it contains omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals, which are essential for your body.

Cardiovascular Health

Caviar contains omega-3 fatty acids and citric, lactic, and acetic acids.

As a rich marine source of omega-3 fatty acids, caviar may provide health benefits without interfering with standard drug therapies.

According to research, omega-3 fatty acids may help balance blood pressure and lower the risk of developing heart disease. To avoid cardiovascular problems, eat two servings of fatty fish per week, equal to 250mg of omega-3 fatty acids.

Furthermore, these organic acids may reduce heart rate and blood vessel tightness to lower blood pressure and blood triglyceride levels and increase HDL (good) cholesterol levels [1].

Brain Health

Omega-3 fatty acids have several additional benefits for your brain, including the ability to fight inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for learning and memory because the brain uses them to build brain and nerve cells. It has been hypothesized that reducing inflammation in the brain can slow the mental health decline seen in Alzheimer's disease [2].

Mental Health

Omega-3 fatty acids may be effective in the depressed phase of bipolar disorder. According to research, people who suffer from depression have lower omega-3 fatty acids, implying that a lack of this nutrient may be a risk factor for depression. Other psychiatric conditions, such as schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and attention deficit disorder, have been linked to omega-3 fatty acids. However, more research is needed [3].

Skin and Eye Health

According to research, consuming omega-3 fatty acids, whether in foods or as a supplement, may help reduce macular degeneration and glaucoma. Omega-3 fatty acids may help prevent and treat various eye diseases, including dry eye syndrome. Not only can omega-3 fatty acids help reduce your risk of developing dry eyes, but they may also help treat bothersome symptoms, according to research.

According to one study, people who consume the most omega-3 fatty acids in their diet are 30% less likely to develop macular degeneration than their peers. Omega-3 fatty acids may also help reduce developing high eye pressure, leading to glaucoma.

Adipocytes may be stimulated by caviar extract, according to the study. Adiponectin is a molecule that improves wound healing in your skin, and anti-inflammatory processes promote collagen synthesis and prevent collagen fiber breakdown. Because collagen is essential for skin structure, researchers believe that extracting it may reduce the signs of skin aging [4] [5].

Boost Immune System

Caviar contains omega-3 fatty acids and selenium, which may help your immune system. Omega-3 fatty acids reduce inflammation and restore the barrier function of your skin, intestines, and lungs, which aids in the blocking of harmful bacteria and keeps you healthy. Furthermore, caviar contains a high concentration of selenium and magnesium, both of which have antioxidant properties and may aid in lowering oxidative stress levels in the body, reducing inflammation, and enhancing immunity. Furthermore, caviar is high in zinc and iron, which help the immune and circulatory systems and may aid in the repair of damaged white blood cells, which are immune cells that protect you from the disease [6].

Downsides and Risks

Allergy

Fish allergy is one of the most common food allergies, accounting for 1% of the population in the United States.

A person who is allergic to fish may also be allergic to caviar.

When a person with a fish allergy is exposed to that fish, proteins in the fish bind to specific IgE antibodies produced by the person's immune system, triggering the person's immune defenses and resulting in reaction symptoms that can be mild or severe [7].

Poisoning by Edible Fish

Ichthyosarcotoxism refers to a group of conditions caused by fish caviar or roe poisoning. Symptoms that appear soon after consuming the roe include abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, thirst, chest constriction, and low blood pressure. Several clinical syndromes with gastrointestinal, neurotoxic, and cardiotoxic features have been described [8].

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3712371/
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7468918/
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6713969/
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230711/
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7246982/
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834330/
  7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27613460/
  8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1342952/pdf/jaccidem00019-0044.pdf
Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: March 31, 2022
Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.