Foodstruct Nutrition Search | Diet Analysis | Food Comparison | Glycemic Index Chart | Insulin Index Chart | Blog | Subscribe | Sign Up

Apple glycemic index (GI)

Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan by Victoria Mazmanyan | Last updated on October 31, 2023
Medically reviewed by Ani Harutyunyan Article author photo Ani Harutyunyan

Apples are often associated with health, but what effect do they have on blood sugar levels?

Based on the numbers from The International Tables of Glycemic Index, the glycemic index of an apple differs depending on the country it was grown in. The glycemic index of a raw apple from Denmark is 28, while apples from Italy have a much higher GI of 44. The GI of Braeburn apples from New Zealand is 32±4. Apples from Canada have a GI of 34, and the GI of apples from the US is 40.

The mean of these studies makes the average glycemic index of an apple equal to 36±3.

Golden Delicious yellow apples from Canada have a GI of 39±3. Dried apples from Australia have a lower glycemic index, equal to 29±5.

The GI of sliced canned apples that were solidly packed without juice is equal to 42±2.

Unsweetened apple juice from Canada and the US both have a GI of 41. Unsweetened apple juice from Australia reconstituted from concentrate has a slightly lower GI of 39±5. The GI of unsweetened Granny Smith apple juice is 44±3. And lastly, pure, clean, and unsweetened apple juice has a GI of 44±2, whereas the GI of pure, cloudy, and unsweetened apple juice is equal to 37±3.

Apple baby food has a GI of 46±5.

Apple muffins made with rolled oats and sugar have a GI of 44±6, while apple muffins made with rolled oats but without sugar surprisingly have a higher GI equalling 48±10.

The numbers by Harvard Health Publishing similarly tell that raw apples have a GI of 36±2, and the GI of apple juice equals 41±2 (3).

According to The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the GI of Red Delicious apples is 36. Baked apple pie has a GI of 41, and the GI of apple juice equals 39 (4).

Current Topics in Nutraceutical Research have put the GIs of the Golap apple around 39±5 and the Green apple in the range of 41±6 (5).

Apples are classified as low-glycemic index foods.

A study has found that apple consumption has an inverse association with triglyceride levels, the total cholesterol to high-density cholesterol ratio, and coronary heart disease and also increases the levels of high-density cholesterol, which is often referred to as “good cholesterol” (6).

Another research demonstrated that apple intake prior to a high glycemic index food, such as rice, significantly lowers the glycemic response of the meal without having a negative influence on satiety levels. This effect gives apples the metabolic potential to minimize glycemic excursion and decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes and its associated complications (7).

Apple consumption has been studied to be associated with an 18% reduction in type 2 diabetes risk. One serving per week consumption of apples, as well as pears, is associated with diabetes risk decreased by 3% (8).

Apple intake in moderation can be beneficial for people with diabetes or healthy individuals at risk.

Check the glycemic index chart page for more information about the glycemic indexes of other foods. 


  3. The glycemic index for 60+ foods
Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Last updated: October 31, 2023
Medically reviewed by Ani Harutyunyan

Check out similar food or compare with current

Data provided by should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.