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Thyme vs Rosemary - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Thyme
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Rosemary

Introduction

Herbs are plants that are used for medicine, food, flavoring, for their aromatic properties and so on. They have a variety of uses. They are even used in many religions. There are uncountable species of herbs. Let’s compare two of the spices: Thyme and Rosemary. Everyone knows the Thyme - it's not just a creeping plant, but a strong healer of many diseases, even deadly ones. In ancient times they were treated with serious illnesses that did not give a person a chance to survive. It was known in ancient Greece and ancient Rome (soldiers swam in the water, infused with it, to gain strength). Also it was grown and used as a spice. The Egyptians used it instead of spirits. In the 11th century, thanks to the Benedictine monks, it was spread in Europe. This herb grows in the European part of Russia, Belarus, Armenia, partly in the Urals, Siberia and Kazakhstan, in the Crimea, along the outskirts of pine forests. In Southern Europe grows the wild thyme. More than 400 species of thyme are known, the most commonly used are Thymus vulgaris and Thymus serpillum.

Rosemary is an herb medicinal plant with a pleasant aroma. The wild rosemary is found in southern Europe. In regions with a warm climate, it grows in the open ground in one place up to 20 years, reaching a height of two meters. This plant is from the west of the Mediterranean region. The Latin name of the plant translates as "sea freshness". It, obviously, was spread throughout Europe, during the campaigns of Romans. In Rome the plant was cultivated as healing and aromatic from ancient times. Flowers and leaves of this plant are used as spices in cooking. The leaves exude a clear and bright aroma. It is a part of the classic French spicy mixture of "Provence grass" and "bouquet garnish", based on it, fragrant vinegar is prepared. Its leaves are perfectly combined with all kinds of meat. It is very important that the plant does not lose its flavor with prolonged heat treatment, so it can be added when frying, stewing or baking foods. It is added to sauces and soups, and especially well it approaches to dishes from cheese. Several leaves of plant can be added to the dessert. In addition, in cooking, rosemary oil and salt are stripped. Due to the qualities of the antioxidant, it serves as a natural food preservative. Long ago, the Greeks dedicated rosemary to the goddess Venus. It was believed that this plant makes a person happy and joyful, relieves bad dreams and keeps young.

Nutritional Content Comparison

If we compare the nutritional content of these plants, Thyme has much more advantages. It is 3 times richer in vitamins and about 2 times richer in minerals. Moreover, it is lower in glycemic index, saturated fat and sodium. They contain an equal quantity of sugars and cholesterol. What about the coverage of our needs, thyme covers 6 times more of our needs of vitamins as it contains 7 times more Vitamin C, 3 times more Vitamin B2, 2 times more Vitamin B3 and relatively more Vitamin A and B1, while Rosemary is richer only in Vitamin B5 about 2 times. It also covers 7 times more of our needs of minerals than Rosemary does. It contains more Iron, calcium, magnesium, copper, zinc and phosphorus and contains less sodium. In case of diets, Thyme is preferable for low calories, low fat and low glycemic index diets, while Rosemary is preferable for low carbs diet.

Health Impact

In folk medicine, creeping thyme is widely accepted and used. It is prescribed for neuralgia and neuroses of different etiology. With its help, successfully treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, atony, spasms of the intestine, flatulence. With regular administration of drugs from thyme, the patients normalize digestion, stomach pain disappears, the formation of gases decreases, and the intestinal microflora is normalized due to the disinfecting properties of the herb. Infusions and decoctions of plants are effective for bronchitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis, bronchopneumonia due to their enveloping, expectorant and antiseptic properties. They are able to increase the secretion of bronchial glands and dilute sputum. Preparations from thyme have an antimicrobial effect even with an insignificant content of phenolic compounds in it. Also, the plant is good for insomnia. It is believed that if you sleep on a pillow from this herb, then it removes the excitement and relieves the headache.

From the ancient times the healing properties of rosemary were known. It contains substances that have a beneficial effect on the brain, enhancing memory and performance, so in the past centuries, rosemary meals were recommended to during the exams. It helps in the treatment of cancer, relieves stress, normalizes the work of the nervous and cardiovascular system, and its tinctures are used for rheumatism, hypotension and thrombosis. This plant is indispensable in dietary nutrition, as it cleanses the body, normalizes the water-fat balance and restores metabolism. Adding this fragrant spice to your family's ration, you care about the health and well-being of close people, since in the winter months it can save you from colds. At home, you can use it also for cosmetic purposes - for example, rosemary baths make the skin supple and soft, relieve nervous tension and tone the body. Studies also state that compounds absorbed from rosemary aroma have a great impact on the subjective state and cognition through various neurochemical pathways.

SUMMARY

To sum up, they both have many benefits like healing the stomach pain, preventing cancer risk, enhancing the memory and so on. Nevertheless, the health benefits are incomparable as they are quite different. Although, if we compare their nutritional content, it is evident that thyme is much better for use as it contains much more vitamins and minerals than rosemary does. It is richer in vitamins 3 times and in minerals 2 times. But, as I have already mentioned they both have many health benefits, can treat from many diseases and have a positive impact on the body. So that, they both are highly recommended for a usage.

References
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3700080/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12552919
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3736918/

Comparison summary

Which food is richer in minerals?
Thyme
Thyme is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Thyme
Thyme is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Thyme
Thyme is lower in glycemic index (difference - 25)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Thyme
Thyme is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 2.371g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Thyme
Thyme contains less Sodium (difference - 17mg)
Which food is cheaper?
Rosemary
Rosemary is cheaper (difference - $0.7)
Which food contains less Sugars?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Sugars ( g)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)

Comparison summary table

Pay attention at the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Thyme Rosemary
Rich in minerals ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Sugars Equal
Lower in Cholesterol Equal

Which food is preferable in case of diets?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Thyme Rosemary
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

Summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfils human daily needs, the more the summary score is
Vitamin Summary Score
106
Thyme
34
Rosemary
Mineral Summary Score
92
Thyme
52
Rosemary

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Thyme
7
:
Contains more Iron +162.4%
Contains more Calcium +27.8%
Contains more Magnesium +75.8%
Contains more Copper +84.4%
Contains more Zinc +94.6%
Contains more Phosphorus +60.6%
Contains less Sodium -65.4%
Equal in Potassium - 668
Contains more Iron +162.4%
Contains more Calcium +27.8%
Contains more Magnesium +75.8%
Contains more Copper +84.4%
Contains more Zinc +94.6%
Contains more Phosphorus +60.6%
Contains less Sodium -65.4%
Equal in Potassium - 668

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Thyme
6
:
Contains more Vitamin C +634.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +62.5%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +33.3%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +209.9%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +100%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +96.6%
Equal in Vitamin B6 - 0.336
Contains more Vitamin C +634.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +62.5%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +33.3%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +209.9%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +100%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +96.6%
Equal in Vitamin B6 - 0.336

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Protein
33%
Thyme
20%
Rosemary
Carbohydrates
24%
Thyme
21%
Rosemary
Fats
8%
Thyme
27%
Rosemary

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All nutrients comparison - raw data values

In the column "Opinion" we made some assumptions which could be controversial. For instance we are assuming that less saturated fats is good for you. Please ignore this column if you have your own opinion.We marked the nutrients, comparison of which we considered as not meaningful, as "N/A"
Nutrient Thyme Rosemary Opinion
Calories 101 131 Rosemary
Protein 5.56 3.31 Thyme
Fats 1.68 5.86 Rosemary
Vitamin C 160.1 21.8 Thyme
Carbs 24.45 20.7 Thyme
Cholesterol 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Iron 17.45 6.65 Thyme
Calcium 405 317 Thyme
Potassium 609 668 Rosemary
Magnesium 160 91 Thyme
Sugars
Fiber 14 14.1 Rosemary
Copper 0.555 0.301 Thyme
Zinc 1.81 0.93 Thyme
Starch
Phosphorus 106 66 Thyme
Sodium 9 26 Thyme
Vitamin A 4751 2924 Thyme
Vitamin E
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.048 0.036 Thyme
Vitamin B2 0.471 0.152 Thyme
Vitamin B3 1.824 0.912 Thyme
Vitamin B5 0.409 0.804 Rosemary
Vitamin B6 0.348 0.336 Thyme
Vitamin B12 0 0
Vitamin K
Folic acid (B9) 0 0
Trans Fat 0 0
Saturated Fat 0.467 2.838 Thyme
Monounsaturated Fat 0.081 1.16 Rosemary
Polyunsaturated fat 0.532 0.901 Rosemary
Tryptophan 0.114 0.051 Thyme
Threonine 0.154 0.136 Thyme
Isoleucine 0.285 0.136 Thyme
Leucine 0.262 0.249 Thyme
Lysine 0.126 0.143 Rosemary
Methionine 0.047 Rosemary
Phenylalanine 0.169 Rosemary
Valine 0.307 0.165 Thyme
Histidine 0.066 Rosemary
The main source of information is USDA Food Composition Database (U.S. Department of Agriculture)
Dietary Guidelines for Americans is used as the primary source for advice in this web resource
Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.