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Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) vs. Chinese cabbage — In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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How are Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) and Chinese cabbage different?

  • Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is richer in Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B2, Copper, Manganese, Magnesium, Folate, Iron, and Vitamin B1, while Chinese cabbage is higher in Vitamin A RAE.
  • Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) covers your daily need of Vitamin C 48% more than Chinese cabbage.
  • Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) contains 10 times more Copper than Chinese cabbage. Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) contains 0.201mg of Copper, while Chinese cabbage contains 0.021mg.

Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), leafy tips, raw and Cabbage, chinese (pak-choi), raw types were used in this article.

Infographic

Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) vs Chinese cabbage infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Contains more Iron +155%
Contains more Magnesium +347.4%
Contains more Phosphorus +167.6%
Contains more Potassium +141.3%
Contains less Sodium -83.1%
Contains more Zinc +57.9%
Contains more Copper +857.1%
Contains more Manganese +237.1%
Contains more Selenium +80%
Contains more Calcium +25%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 25% 77% 61% 42% 54% 1.4% 8.2% 67% 70% 4.9%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 32% 30% 14% 16% 22% 8.5% 5.2% 7% 21% 2.7%
Contains more Iron +155%
Contains more Magnesium +347.4%
Contains more Phosphorus +167.6%
Contains more Potassium +141.3%
Contains less Sodium -83.1%
Contains more Zinc +57.9%
Contains more Copper +857.1%
Contains more Manganese +237.1%
Contains more Selenium +80%
Contains more Calcium +25%

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
Contains more Vitamin C +95.6%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +352.5%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +417.1%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +122%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +313.9%
Contains more Folate +93.9%
Contains more Vitamin A +157.7%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +39.7%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 104% 0% 0% 293% 45% 84% 21% 3.8% 185% 96% 0% 0% 0%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 268% 1.8% 0% 150% 10% 16% 9.4% 5.3% 45% 50% 0% 3.5% 114%
Contains more Vitamin C +95.6%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +352.5%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +417.1%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +122%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +313.9%
Contains more Folate +93.9%
Contains more Vitamin A +157.7%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +39.7%

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Protein +253.3%
Contains more Fats +245%
Contains more Carbs +50.9%
Contains more Other +83.8%
Equal in Water - 95.32
5% 3% 89%
Protein: 5.3 g
Fats: 0.69 g
Carbs: 3.29 g
Water: 89.25 g
Other: 1.47 g
2% 95%
Protein: 1.5 g
Fats: 0.2 g
Carbs: 2.18 g
Water: 95.32 g
Other: 0.8 g
Contains more Protein +253.3%
Contains more Fats +245%
Contains more Carbs +50.9%
Contains more Other +83.8%
Equal in Water - 95.32

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) Chinese cabbage
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in Glycemic Index ok
Lower in price ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) Chinese cabbage Opinion
Net carbs 3.29g 1.18g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Protein 5.3g 1.5g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Fats 0.69g 0.2g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Carbs 3.29g 2.18g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Calories 30kcal 13kcal Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Sugar 1.18g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Fiber 1g Chinese cabbage
Calcium 84mg 105mg Chinese cabbage
Iron 2.04mg 0.8mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Magnesium 85mg 19mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Phosphorus 99mg 37mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Potassium 608mg 252mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Sodium 11mg 65mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Zinc 0.3mg 0.19mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Copper 0.201mg 0.021mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Manganese 0.536mg 0.159mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Selenium 0.9µg 0.5µg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin A 1734IU 4468IU Chinese cabbage
Vitamin A RAE 87µg 223µg Chinese cabbage
Vitamin E 0.09mg Chinese cabbage
Vitamin C 88mg 45mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B1 0.181mg 0.04mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B2 0.362mg 0.07mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B3 1.11mg 0.5mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B5 0.063mg 0.088mg Chinese cabbage
Vitamin B6 0.803mg 0.194mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Folate 128µg 66µg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Choline 6.4mg Chinese cabbage
Vitamin K 45.5µg Chinese cabbage
Tryptophan 0.015mg Chinese cabbage
Threonine 0.049mg Chinese cabbage
Isoleucine 0.085mg Chinese cabbage
Leucine 0.088mg Chinese cabbage
Lysine 0.089mg Chinese cabbage
Methionine 0.009mg Chinese cabbage
Phenylalanine 0.044mg Chinese cabbage
Valine 0.066mg Chinese cabbage
Histidine 0.026mg Chinese cabbage
Saturated Fat 0.027g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Monounsaturated Fat 0.015g Chinese cabbage
Polyunsaturated fat 0.096g Chinese cabbage

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) Chinese cabbage
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low Glycemic Index diet ok

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Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
64%
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
52%
Chinese cabbage
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
41%
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
16%
Chinese cabbage

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is lower in Sugar (difference - 1.18g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) contains less Sodium (difference - 54mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.027g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is lower in glycemic index (difference - 32)
Which food is cheaper?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is cheaper (difference - $0.4)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168391/nutrients
  2. Chinese cabbage - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170390/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.