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Millet vs Barley - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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A recap on differences between Millet and Barley

  • Millet has more Copper, Folate, and Vitamin B5, however Barley is higher in Selenium, Fiber, Vitamin B1, Manganese, Zinc, Potassium, and Iron.
  • Barley covers your daily Selenium needs 64% more than Millet.
  • Barley contains 4 times less Folate than Millet. Millet contains 85µg of Folate, while Barley contains 19µg.

Food varieties used in this article are Millet, raw and Barley, hulled.

Infographic

Millet vs Barley infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Millet
3
:
5
Barley
Contains more Copper +50.6%
Contains less Sodium -58.3%
Contains more Iron +19.6%
Contains more Calcium +312.5%
Contains more Potassium +131.8%
Contains more Magnesium +16.7%
Contains more Zinc +64.9%
Equal in Phosphorus - 264
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 113% 3% 18% 82% 250% 46% 123% 1%
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 135% 10% 40% 95% 166% 76% 114% 2%
Contains more Copper +50.6%
Contains less Sodium -58.3%
Contains more Iron +19.6%
Contains more Calcium +312.5%
Contains more Potassium +131.8%
Contains more Magnesium +16.7%
Contains more Zinc +64.9%
Equal in Phosphorus - 264

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Millet
5
:
4
Barley
Contains more Vitamin B5 +200.7%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +20.8%
Contains more Folate +347.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin E +1040%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +53.4%
Contains more Vitamin K +144.4%
Equal in Vitamin B2 - 0.285
Equal in Vitamin B3 - 4.604
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 0% 1% 0% 106% 67% 89% 51% 89% 0% 3% 64%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 2% 12% 0% 162% 66% 87% 17% 74% 0% 6% 15%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +200.7%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +20.8%
Contains more Folate +347.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin E +1040%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +53.4%
Contains more Vitamin K +144.4%
Equal in Vitamin B2 - 0.285
Equal in Vitamin B3 - 4.604

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
39
Millet
36
Barley
Mineral Summary Score
79
Millet
80
Barley

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
66%
Millet
75%
Barley
Carbohydrates
73%
Millet
73%
Barley
Fats
19%
Millet
11%
Barley

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Millet Barley
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Millet Barley
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Millet
Millet is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.8g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Millet
Millet contains less Sodium (difference - 7mg)
Which food is cheaper?
Millet
Millet is cheaper (difference - $0.9)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Barley
Barley is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.241g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Barley
Barley is lower in glycemic index (difference - 43)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Barley
Barley is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Millet Barley Opinion
Calories 378 354 Millet
Protein 11.02 12.48 Barley
Fats 4.22 2.3 Millet
Vitamin C 0 0
Carbs 72.85 73.48 Barley
Cholesterol 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Iron 3.01 3.6 Barley
Calcium 8 33 Barley
Potassium 195 452 Barley
Magnesium 114 133 Barley
Sugar 0.8 Millet
Fiber 8.5 17.3 Barley
Copper 0.75 0.498 Millet
Zinc 1.68 2.77 Barley
Starch
Phosphorus 285 264 Millet
Sodium 5 12 Millet
Vitamin A 0 22 Barley
Vitamin E 0.05 0.57 Barley
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.421 0.646 Barley
Vitamin B2 0.29 0.285 Millet
Vitamin B3 4.72 4.604 Millet
Vitamin B5 0.848 0.282 Millet
Vitamin B6 0.384 0.318 Millet
Vitamin B12 0 0
Vitamin K 0.9 2.2 Barley
Folate 85 19 Millet
Trans Fat
Saturated Fat 0.723 0.482 Barley
Monounsaturated Fat 0.773 0.295 Millet
Polyunsaturated fat 2.134 1.108 Millet
Tryptophan 0.119 0.208 Barley
Threonine 0.353 0.424 Barley
Isoleucine 0.465 0.456 Millet
Leucine 1.4 0.848 Millet
Lysine 0.212 0.465 Barley
Methionine 0.221 0.24 Barley
Phenylalanine 0.58 0.7 Barley
Valine 0.578 0.612 Barley
Histidine 0.236 0.281 Barley
Fructose

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Millet - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169702/nutrients
  2. Barley - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170283/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.