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Millet vs Barley - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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A recap on differences between Millet and Barley

  • Millet has more Copper, Folate, and Vitamin B5, however Barley is higher in Selenium, Fiber, Vitamin B1, Manganese, Zinc, Potassium, and Iron.
  • Barley covers your daily Selenium needs 64% more than Millet.
  • Barley contains 4 times less Folate than Millet. Millet contains 85µg of Folate, while Barley contains 19µg.

Food varieties used in this article are Millet, raw and Barley, hulled.

Infographic

Millet vs Barley infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Millet
3
:
5
Barley
Contains less Sodium -58.3%
Contains more Copper +50.6%
Contains more Calcium +312.5%
Contains more Iron +19.6%
Contains more Magnesium +16.7%
Contains more Potassium +131.8%
Contains more Zinc +64.9%
Equal in Phosphorus - 264
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 3% 113% 82% 123% 18% 1% 46% 250%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 10% 135% 95% 114% 40% 2% 76% 166%
Contains less Sodium -58.3%
Contains more Copper +50.6%
Contains more Calcium +312.5%
Contains more Iron +19.6%
Contains more Magnesium +16.7%
Contains more Potassium +131.8%
Contains more Zinc +64.9%
Equal in Phosphorus - 264

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Millet
5
:
4
Barley
Contains more Vitamin B5 +200.7%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +20.8%
Contains more Folate +347.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin E +1040%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +53.4%
Contains more Vitamin K +144.4%
Equal in Vitamin B2 - 0.285
Equal in Vitamin B3 - 4.604
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 0% 1% 0% 0% 106% 67% 89% 51% 89% 64% 0% 3%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 2% 12% 0% 0% 162% 66% 87% 17% 74% 15% 0% 6%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +200.7%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +20.8%
Contains more Folate +347.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin E +1040%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +53.4%
Contains more Vitamin K +144.4%
Equal in Vitamin B2 - 0.285
Equal in Vitamin B3 - 4.604

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Millet Barley
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Millet Barley Opinion
Net carbs 64.35g 56.18g Millet
Protein 11.02g 12.48g Barley
Fats 4.22g 2.3g Millet
Carbs 72.85g 73.48g Barley
Calories 378kcal 354kcal Millet
Starch g g
Fructose g g
Sugar g 0.8g Millet
Fiber 8.5g 17.3g Barley
Calcium 8mg 33mg Barley
Iron 3.01mg 3.6mg Barley
Magnesium 114mg 133mg Barley
Phosphorus 285mg 264mg Millet
Potassium 195mg 452mg Barley
Sodium 5mg 12mg Millet
Zinc 1.68mg 2.77mg Barley
Copper 0.75mg 0.498mg Millet
Vitamin A 0IU 22IU Barley
Vitamin E 0.05mg 0.57mg Barley
Vitamin D 0IU 0IU
Vitamin D 0µg 0µg
Vitamin C 0mg 0mg
Vitamin B1 0.421mg 0.646mg Barley
Vitamin B2 0.29mg 0.285mg Millet
Vitamin B3 4.72mg 4.604mg Millet
Vitamin B5 0.848mg 0.282mg Millet
Vitamin B6 0.384mg 0.318mg Millet
Folate 85µg 19µg Millet
Vitamin B12 0µg 0µg
Vitamin K 0.9µg 2.2µg Barley
Tryptophan 0.119mg 0.208mg Barley
Threonine 0.353mg 0.424mg Barley
Isoleucine 0.465mg 0.456mg Millet
Leucine 1.4mg 0.848mg Millet
Lysine 0.212mg 0.465mg Barley
Methionine 0.221mg 0.24mg Barley
Phenylalanine 0.58mg 0.7mg Barley
Valine 0.578mg 0.612mg Barley
Histidine 0.236mg 0.281mg Barley
Cholesterol 0mg 0mg
Trans Fat g g
Saturated Fat 0.723g 0.482g Barley
Monounsaturated Fat 0.773g 0.295g Millet
Polyunsaturated fat 2.134g 1.108g Millet

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Millet Barley
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
39
Millet
36
Barley
Mineral Summary Score
79
Millet
80
Barley

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
66%
Millet
75%
Barley
Carbohydrates
73%
Millet
73%
Barley
Fats
19%
Millet
11%
Barley

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Millet
Millet is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.8g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Millet
Millet contains less Sodium (difference - 7mg)
Which food is cheaper?
Millet
Millet is cheaper (difference - $0.9)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Barley
Barley is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.241g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Barley
Barley is lower in glycemic index (difference - 43)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Barley
Barley is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Millet - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169702/nutrients
  2. Barley - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170283/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.