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Cauliflower glycemic index (GI)

Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan by Victoria Mazmanyan | Last updated on August 23, 2023
Medically reviewed by Ani Harutyunyan Article author photo Ani Harutyunyan

Like most cruciferous vegetables, cauliflower is rich in dietary fiber and low in sugars. Because of this, cauliflower has a low glycemic index.

The glycemic index of cauliflower is estimated to be around 15 to 30. However, an exact number cannot be found in peer-reviewed publications or glycemic index tables (1).

Moreover, a study mentioned the GI of cauliflower being equal to 10. However, this is just an approximate value, as the study does not mention any references to it (5).

Multiple studies have associated a higher intake of cruciferous vegetables, such as cauliflower, with a decreased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (2, 3).

By contrast, one study has concluded that high consumption of cruciferous vegetables can be correlated with a moderately higher risk of type 2 diabetes (4). This is due to a compound that cruciferous vegetables are rich in, called glucosinolate.

Overall, cauliflower is a low-glycemic food with beneficial antidiabetic effects when consumed, like all things, in moderation.

Please check our glycemic index chart page for more GI values. 


Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Last updated: August 23, 2023
Medically reviewed by Ani Harutyunyan

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Data provided by should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.