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Apple vs Pineapple - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Apple
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Pineapple

INTRODUCTION

Pineapple and apples are found as fresh raw fruits and jams. They are used in manufactured foods or beverages, such as fruit juices or alcoholic beverages. They are used in many food preparations. Apples are one of the most popular and favorite fruits. Their tree is one of the earliest trees to be cultivated. Apples appear even in religious traditions as a mystical fruit and in art. Whereas pineapples are considered an exotic fruit. whereas, now it can be commonly found in any grocery store, but for an expensive price. In European iconography, it was a symbol of welcome and hospitality.

NUTRITIONAL CONTENT COMPARISON

Apple is popular among health-conscious people. They are known to have health-promoting and disease-preventing properties. If we compare their nutritional content, pineapple is richer in vitamins and minerals. It contains approximately 5 times more vitamins and 2 times more minerals than an apple does. It is enough to mention that pineapple contains 11 times more Vitamin C, 5 times more Vitamin B1, and two times more Vitamin B3, 5, 6 than apple. Moreover, it is lower in saturated fats and contains less sugar. The only advantage that Apple has is that it is lower in glycemic index and also it is cheaper. They contain almost the same number of protein, carbohydrates, and fats. If we compare the coverage of our daily needs of vitamins, pineapple covers 3.5 times more of it, and also it covers 6 times more of our daily needs of minerals as it contains more iron, calcium, magnesium, copper, and zinc.

HEALTH IMPACT

The old adage is true: An apple a day keeps the doctor away. Apple truly has many health benefits and no less does pineapple.

  • Whiter and healthier teeth
    Biting and chewing one apple a day reduces tooth decay by lowering the levels of bacteria. (1)
  • Prevention of Alzheimer’s
    Studies showed that its juice has the ability to prevent Alzheimer’s and fight the aging of the brain. (2)
  • Protect against Parkinson’s
    Due to the free radical-fighting power of the antioxidants contained in it, it gives a certain amount of protection against Parkinson’s. (3)
  • Curb all sorts of cancers
    Research has shown that they can reduce the risk of developing pancreatic cancer by up to 23%. (4)
  • Decrease the risk of diabetes
    Thanks to the soluble fiber, contained in this fruit, women who eat at least 1 apple a day are 28% less likely to develop diabetes. (5)
  • Reduce cholesterol
    They contain soluble fiber that binds with fats in the intestine, which reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood. (6)
  • A healthier heart
    Apple skins contain a phenolic compound, which prevents the cholesterol that gets into the system from solidifying on the artery walls. (7)
  • Preventing gallstones
    To prevent gallstones, doctors recommend a diet high in fiber. (8)
  • Neutralize irritable bowel syndromeTo control the symptoms of irritable bowel, doctors recommend eating apples. (9)
  • Boost the immune systemStudies have shown that red apples contain quercetin that can boost and fortify the immune system. (10)

Health benefits of pineapples.

  • Age-related macular degeneration
    Pineapples decrease the risk of age-related macular degeneration. (11)
  • Asthma prevention
    Pineapples prevent asthma attacks. (12)
  • Blood pressure and cardiovascular health
    It is high in potassium and has anti-hypertensive characteristics. It also has protective characteristics for cardiovascular health. (13)
  • Cancer
    Pineapples can play a protective role from the free radicals, which can cause cancer, as they are a good source of antioxidants - vitamin C and beta-carotene. Research has shown that they contain bromelain and other enzymes that can be used in the treatment of cancer for reducing the side effects. (14)
  • Diabetes
    One pineapple contains approximately 13g of fiber, which is known to lower the glucose level in the blood. (15)
  • Healing and Inflammation
    The antioxidants present in pineapples reduce overall inflammation in the body. (16)
  • Skin
    Skin damage can be caused by the sun or pollution and pineapple can help fight these skin damages and can improve overall skin texture. (17)

SUMMARY

Comparatively, pineapples have a better nutritional profile compared to apples. They have different benefits in different system diseases. Overall, apples are cheaper and more available compared to pineapples which are more of a luxury fruit.

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051571/ 
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3183591/ 
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3183591/ 
  4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27000627/ 
  5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28186516/ 
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6997084/ 
  7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6997084/
  8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10609857/ 
  9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5777282/
  10. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC442131/ 
  11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7355812/ 
  12. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22894886/ 
  13. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464871/ 
  14. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3529416/ 
  15. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3529416/ 
  16. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3529416/  
  17. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3529416
Article author photo Tatevik  Stepanyan
Profession: Food Blogger
Last updated: April 23, 2021
Medically reviewed by Jack Yacoubian

Infographic

Apple vs Pineapple infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Apple
1
:
Contains more Phosphorus +37.5%
Contains more Iron +141.7%
Contains more Calcium +116.7%
Contains more Magnesium +140%
Contains more Copper +307.4%
Contains more Zinc +200%
Equal in Potassium - 109
Equal in Sodium - 1
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 5% 2% 10% 4% 9% 2% 5% 1%
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 11% 4% 10% 9% 37% 4% 4% 1%
Contains more Phosphorus +37.5%
Contains more Iron +141.7%
Contains more Calcium +116.7%
Contains more Magnesium +140%
Contains more Copper +307.4%
Contains more Zinc +200%
Equal in Potassium - 109
Equal in Sodium - 1

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Apple
2
:
Contains more Vitamin E +800%
Contains more Vitamin K +214.3%
Contains more Vitamin C +939.1%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +364.7%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +23.1%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +449.5%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +249.2%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +173.2%
Contains more Folate +500%
Equal in Vitamin A - 58
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 16% 4% 4% 0% 5% 6% 2% 4% 10% 0% 6% 3%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 160% 4% 1% 0% 20% 8% 10% 13% 26% 0% 2% 14%
Contains more Vitamin E +800%
Contains more Vitamin K +214.3%
Contains more Vitamin C +939.1%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +364.7%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +23.1%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +449.5%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +249.2%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +173.2%
Contains more Folate +500%
Equal in Vitamin A - 58

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

Summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfils human daily needs, the more the summary score is
Vitamin Summary Score
5
Apple
21
Pineapple
Mineral Summary Score
4
Apple
10
Pineapple

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Protein
2%
Apple
3%
Pineapple
Carbohydrates
14%
Apple
13%
Pineapple
Fats
1%
Apple
1%
Pineapple

Comparison summary table

Pay attention at the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Apple Pineapple
Lower in Sugars ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Rich in minerals ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Lower in Sodium Equal

Which food is preferable in case of diets?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Apple Pineapple
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Comparison summary

Which food contains less Sugars?
Pineapple
Pineapple contains less Sugars (difference - 0.54g)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Pineapple
Pineapple is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.019g)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Pineapple
Pineapple is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Pineapple
Pineapple is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Apple
Apple is lower in glycemic index (difference - 30)
Which food is cheaper?
Apple
Apple is cheaper (difference - $0.1)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food contains less Sodium?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Sodium (1 mg)

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

In the column "Opinion" we made some assumptions which could be controversial. For instance we are assuming that less saturated fats is good for you. Please ignore this column if you have your own opinion.We marked the nutrients, comparison of which we considered as not meaningful, as "N/A"
Nutrient Apple Pineapple Opinion
Calories 52 50 Apple
Protein 0.26 0.54 Pineapple
Fats 0.17 0.12 Apple
Vitamin C 4.6 47.8 Pineapple
Carbs 13.81 13.12 Apple
Cholesterol 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Iron 0.12 0.29 Pineapple
Calcium 6 13 Pineapple
Potassium 107 109 Pineapple
Magnesium 5 12 Pineapple
Sugars 10.39 9.85 Pineapple
Fiber 2.4 1.4 Apple
Copper 0.027 0.11 Pineapple
Zinc 0.04 0.12 Pineapple
Starch 0.05 0 Apple
Phosphorus 11 8 Apple
Sodium 1 1
Vitamin A 54 58 Pineapple
Vitamin E 0.18 0.02 Apple
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.017 0.079 Pineapple
Vitamin B2 0.026 0.032 Pineapple
Vitamin B3 0.091 0.5 Pineapple
Vitamin B5 0.061 0.213 Pineapple
Vitamin B6 0.041 0.112 Pineapple
Vitamin B12 0 0
Vitamin K 2.2 0.7 Apple
Folate 3 18 Pineapple
Trans Fat 0 0
Saturated Fat 0.028 0.009 Pineapple
Monounsaturated Fat 0.007 0.013 Pineapple
Polyunsaturated fat 0.051 0.04 Apple
Tryptophan 0.001 0.005 Pineapple
Threonine 0.006 0.019 Pineapple
Isoleucine 0.006 0.019 Pineapple
Leucine 0.013 0.024 Pineapple
Lysine 0.012 0.026 Pineapple
Methionine 0.001 0.012 Pineapple
Phenylalanine 0.006 0.021 Pineapple
Valine 0.012 0.024 Pineapple
Histidine 0.005 0.01 Pineapple
Fructose 5.9 2.12 Apple

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links of the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Apple - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171688/nutrients
  2. Pineapple - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169124/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.