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Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) vs. Red cabbage — In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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The main differences between Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) and Red cabbage

  • Red cabbage contains less Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Folate, Vitamin B2, Copper, Magnesium, Iron, Manganese, Potassium, and Phosphorus than Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear).
  • Daily need coverage for Vitamin B6 from Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is 46% higher.
  • Red cabbage has 12 times less Copper than Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear). Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) has 0.201mg of Copper, while Red cabbage has 0.017mg.

Food types used in this article are Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), leafy tips, raw and Cabbage, red, raw.

Infographic

Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) vs Red cabbage infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Contains more Calcium +86.7%
Contains more Iron +155%
Contains more Magnesium +431.3%
Contains more Phosphorus +230%
Contains more Potassium +150.2%
Contains less Sodium -59.3%
Contains more Zinc +36.4%
Contains more Copper +1082.4%
Contains more Manganese +120.6%
Contains more Selenium +50%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 26% 77% 61% 43% 54% 2% 9% 67% 70% 5%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 14% 30% 12% 13% 22% 4% 6% 6% 32% 4%
Contains more Calcium +86.7%
Contains more Iron +155%
Contains more Magnesium +431.3%
Contains more Phosphorus +230%
Contains more Potassium +150.2%
Contains less Sodium -59.3%
Contains more Zinc +36.4%
Contains more Copper +1082.4%
Contains more Manganese +120.6%
Contains more Selenium +50%

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
Contains more Vitamin A +55.4%
Contains more Vitamin C +54.4%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +182.8%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +424.6%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +165.6%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +284.2%
Contains more Folate +611.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +133.3%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 105% 0% 0% 294% 46% 84% 21% 4% 186% 96% 0% 0% 0%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 67% 3% 0% 190% 16% 16% 8% 9% 49% 14% 0% 10% 96%
Contains more Vitamin A +55.4%
Contains more Vitamin C +54.4%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +182.8%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +424.6%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +165.6%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +284.2%
Contains more Folate +611.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +133.3%

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Protein +270.6%
Contains more Fats +331.3%
Contains more Other +126.2%
Contains more Carbs +124%
Equal in Water - 90.39
5% 3% 89%
Protein: 5.3 g
Fats: 0.69 g
Carbs: 3.29 g
Water: 89.25 g
Other: 1.47 g
7% 90%
Protein: 1.43 g
Fats: 0.16 g
Carbs: 7.37 g
Water: 90.39 g
Other: 0.65 g
Contains more Protein +270.6%
Contains more Fats +331.3%
Contains more Other +126.2%
Contains more Carbs +124%
Equal in Water - 90.39

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) Red cabbage
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in Glycemic Index ok
Lower in price ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) Red cabbage Opinion
Net carbs 3.29g 5.27g Red cabbage
Protein 5.3g 1.43g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Fats 0.69g 0.16g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Carbs 3.29g 7.37g Red cabbage
Calories 30kcal 31kcal Red cabbage
Fructose 1.48g Red cabbage
Sugar 3.83g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Fiber 2.1g Red cabbage
Calcium 84mg 45mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Iron 2.04mg 0.8mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Magnesium 85mg 16mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Phosphorus 99mg 30mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Potassium 608mg 243mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Sodium 11mg 27mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Zinc 0.3mg 0.22mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Copper 0.201mg 0.017mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Manganese 0.536mg 0.243mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Selenium 0.9µg 0.6µg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin A 1734IU 1116IU Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin A RAE 87µg 56µg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin E 0.11mg Red cabbage
Vitamin C 88mg 57mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B1 0.181mg 0.064mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B2 0.362mg 0.069mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B3 1.11mg 0.418mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B5 0.063mg 0.147mg Red cabbage
Vitamin B6 0.803mg 0.209mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Folate 128µg 18µg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Choline 17.1mg Red cabbage
Vitamin K 38.2µg Red cabbage
Tryptophan 0.012mg Red cabbage
Threonine 0.039mg Red cabbage
Isoleucine 0.034mg Red cabbage
Leucine 0.046mg Red cabbage
Lysine 0.049mg Red cabbage
Methionine 0.014mg Red cabbage
Phenylalanine 0.036mg Red cabbage
Valine 0.048mg Red cabbage
Histidine 0.024mg Red cabbage
Saturated Fat 0.021g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Monounsaturated Fat 0.012g Red cabbage
Polyunsaturated fat 0.08g Red cabbage

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) Red cabbage
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low Glycemic Index diet ok

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Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
64%
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
36%
Red cabbage
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
41%
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
14%
Red cabbage

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is lower in Sugar (difference - 3.83g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) contains less Sodium (difference - 16mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.021g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is lower in glycemic index (difference - 32)
Which food is cheaper?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is cheaper (difference - $0.3)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168391/nutrients
  2. Red cabbage - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169977/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.