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Barley vs Oat - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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Important differences between Barley and Oat

  • Barley has more Fiber, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B6, and Vitamin B2, however Oat has more Manganese, Phosphorus, Vitamin B5, Copper, Iron, and Zinc.
  • Oat's daily need coverage for Manganese is 129% more.
  • Barley has 5 times more Vitamin B3 than Oat. Barley has 4.604mg of Vitamin B3, while Oat has 0.961mg.

The food varieties used in the comparison are Barley, hulled and Oats.

Infographic

Barley vs Oat infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Barley
1
:
7
Oat
Contains more Iron +31.1%
Contains more Calcium +63.6%
Contains more Magnesium +33.1%
Contains more Copper +25.7%
Contains more Zinc +43.3%
Contains more Phosphorus +98.1%
Contains less Sodium -83.3%
Equal in Potassium - 429
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 135% 10% 40% 95% 166% 76% 114% 2%
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 177% 17% 38% 127% 209% 109% 225% 1%
Contains more Iron +31.1%
Contains more Calcium +63.6%
Contains more Magnesium +33.1%
Contains more Copper +25.7%
Contains more Zinc +43.3%
Contains more Phosphorus +98.1%
Contains less Sodium -83.3%
Equal in Potassium - 429

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Barley
6
:
3
Oat
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +105%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +379.1%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +167.2%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +18.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +378.4%
Contains more Folate +194.7%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 2% 12% 0% 162% 66% 87% 17% 74% 0% 6% 15%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 0% 0% 0% 191% 33% 19% 81% 28% 0% 0% 43%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +105%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +379.1%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +167.2%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +18.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +378.4%
Contains more Folate +194.7%

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
36
Barley
33
Oat
Mineral Summary Score
80
Barley
112
Oat

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
75%
Barley
101%
Oat
Carbohydrates
73%
Barley
66%
Oat
Fats
11%
Barley
32%
Oat

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Barley Oat
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in price ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Barley Oat
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Oat
Oat is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.8g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Oat
Oat contains less Sodium (difference - 10mg)
Which food is cheaper?
Oat
Oat is cheaper (difference - $0.9)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Oat
Oat is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Barley
Barley is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.735g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Barley
Barley is lower in glycemic index (difference - 31)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Barley Oat Opinion
Calories 354 389 Oat
Protein 12.48 16.89 Oat
Fats 2.3 6.9 Oat
Vitamin C 0 0
Carbs 73.48 66.27 Barley
Cholesterol 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Iron 3.6 4.72 Oat
Calcium 33 54 Oat
Potassium 452 429 Barley
Magnesium 133 177 Oat
Sugar 0.8 Oat
Fiber 17.3 10.6 Barley
Copper 0.498 0.626 Oat
Zinc 2.77 3.97 Oat
Starch
Phosphorus 264 523 Oat
Sodium 12 2 Oat
Vitamin A 22 0 Barley
Vitamin E 0.57 Barley
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.646 0.763 Oat
Vitamin B2 0.285 0.139 Barley
Vitamin B3 4.604 0.961 Barley
Vitamin B5 0.282 1.349 Oat
Vitamin B6 0.318 0.119 Barley
Vitamin B12 0 0
Vitamin K 2.2 Barley
Folate 19 56 Oat
Trans Fat
Saturated Fat 0.482 1.217 Barley
Monounsaturated Fat 0.295 2.178 Oat
Polyunsaturated fat 1.108 2.535 Oat
Tryptophan 0.208 0.234 Oat
Threonine 0.424 0.575 Oat
Isoleucine 0.456 0.694 Oat
Leucine 0.848 1.284 Oat
Lysine 0.465 0.701 Oat
Methionine 0.24 0.312 Oat
Phenylalanine 0.7 0.895 Oat
Valine 0.612 0.937 Oat
Histidine 0.281 0.405 Oat
Fructose

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Barley - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170283/nutrients
  2. Oat - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169705/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.