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Barley vs Brown rice - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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Differences between Barley and Brown rice

  • Brown rice contains less Fiber, Selenium, Copper, Manganese, Vitamin B1, Iron, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Zinc, and Vitamin B2 than Barley.
  • Barley's daily need coverage for Fiber is 63% higher.
  • Brown rice contains 7 times less Selenium than Barley. Barley contains 37.7µg of Selenium, while Brown rice contains 5.8µg.

The food types used in this comparison are Barley, hulled and Rice, brown, long-grain, cooked.

Infographic

Barley vs Brown rice infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Barley
7
:
Contains more Iron +542.9%
Contains more Calcium +1000%
Contains more Potassium +425.6%
Contains more Magnesium +241%
Contains more Copper +369.8%
Contains more Zinc +290.1%
Contains more Phosphorus +156.3%
Contains less Sodium -66.7%
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 135% 10% 40% 95% 166% 76% 114% 2%
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 22% 1% 8% 28% 36% 20% 45% 1%
Contains more Iron +542.9%
Contains more Calcium +1000%
Contains more Potassium +425.6%
Contains more Magnesium +241%
Contains more Copper +369.8%
Contains more Zinc +290.1%
Contains more Phosphorus +156.3%
Contains less Sodium -66.7%

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Barley
8
:
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin E +235.3%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +262.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +313%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +79.8%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +158.5%
Contains more Vitamin K +1000%
Contains more Folate +111.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +34.8%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 2% 12% 0% 162% 66% 87% 17% 74% 0% 6% 15%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 0% 4% 0% 45% 16% 49% 23% 29% 0% 1% 7%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin E +235.3%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +262.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +313%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +79.8%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +158.5%
Contains more Vitamin K +1000%
Contains more Folate +111.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +34.8%

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
36
Barley
14
Brown rice
Mineral Summary Score
80
Barley
20
Brown rice

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
75%
Barley
16%
Brown rice
Carbohydrates
73%
Barley
26%
Brown rice
Fats
11%
Barley
4%
Brown rice

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Barley Brown rice
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Lower in price ok
Rich in minerals ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Barley Brown rice
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Brown rice
Brown rice is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.56g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Brown rice
Brown rice contains less Sodium (difference - 8mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Brown rice
Brown rice is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.222g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Barley
Barley is lower in glycemic index (difference - 38)
Which food is cheaper?
Barley
Barley is cheaper (difference - $0.5)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Barley
Barley is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Barley
Barley is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Barley Brown rice Opinion
Calories 354 123 Barley
Protein 12.48 2.74 Barley
Fats 2.3 0.97 Barley
Vitamin C 0 0
Carbs 73.48 25.58 Barley
Cholesterol 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Iron 3.6 0.56 Barley
Calcium 33 3 Barley
Potassium 452 86 Barley
Magnesium 133 39 Barley
Sugar 0.8 0.24 Brown rice
Fiber 17.3 1.6 Barley
Copper 0.498 0.106 Barley
Zinc 2.77 0.71 Barley
Starch 24.79 Brown rice
Phosphorus 264 103 Barley
Sodium 12 4 Brown rice
Vitamin A 22 0 Barley
Vitamin E 0.57 0.17 Barley
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.646 0.178 Barley
Vitamin B2 0.285 0.069 Barley
Vitamin B3 4.604 2.561 Barley
Vitamin B5 0.282 0.38 Brown rice
Vitamin B6 0.318 0.123 Barley
Vitamin B12 0 0
Vitamin K 2.2 0.2 Barley
Folate 19 9 Barley
Trans Fat 0 Barley
Saturated Fat 0.482 0.26 Brown rice
Monounsaturated Fat 0.295 0.369 Brown rice
Polyunsaturated fat 1.108 0.366 Barley
Tryptophan 0.208 0.033 Barley
Threonine 0.424 0.095 Barley
Isoleucine 0.456 0.109 Barley
Leucine 0.848 0.214 Barley
Lysine 0.465 0.099 Barley
Methionine 0.24 0.058 Barley
Phenylalanine 0.7 0.133 Barley
Valine 0.612 0.151 Barley
Histidine 0.281 0.066 Barley
Fructose 0 Brown rice

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Barley - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170283/nutrients
  2. Brown rice - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169704/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.