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Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) vs. Turnip — In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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What are the main differences between Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) and Turnip?

  • Turnip has less Vitamin C, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B2, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Copper, Potassium, and Vitamin B1 than Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear).
  • Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)'s daily need coverage for Vitamin C is 74% higher.
  • Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) has 12 times more Vitamin B2 than Turnip. Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) has 0.362mg of Vitamin B2, while Turnip has 0.03mg.

We used Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), leafy tips, raw and Turnips, raw types in this comparison.

Infographic

Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) vs Turnip infographic
Infographic link

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Contains more Calcium +180%
Contains more Iron +580%
Contains more Magnesium +672.7%
Contains more Phosphorus +266.7%
Contains more Potassium +218.3%
Contains less Sodium -83.6%
Contains more Zinc +11.1%
Contains more Copper +136.5%
Contains more Manganese +300%
Contains more Selenium +28.6%
Equal in Zinc - 0.27
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 26% 77% 61% 43% 54% 2% 9% 67% 70% 5%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 9% 12% 8% 12% 17% 9% 8% 29% 18% 4%
Contains more Calcium +180%
Contains more Iron +580%
Contains more Magnesium +672.7%
Contains more Phosphorus +266.7%
Contains more Potassium +218.3%
Contains less Sodium -83.6%
Contains more Zinc +11.1%
Contains more Copper +136.5%
Contains more Manganese +300%
Contains more Selenium +28.6%
Equal in Zinc - 0.27

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
4
Turnip
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin C +319%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +352.5%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +1106.7%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +177.5%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +792.2%
Contains more Folate +753.3%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +217.5%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 105% 0% 0% 294% 46% 84% 21% 4% 186% 96% 0% 0% 0%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 0% 1% 0% 70% 10% 7% 8% 12% 21% 12% 0% 7% 1%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin C +319%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +352.5%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +1106.7%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +177.5%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +792.2%
Contains more Folate +753.3%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +217.5%

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Protein +488.9%
Contains more Fats +590%
Contains more Other +110%
Contains more Carbs +95.4%
Equal in Water - 91.87
5% 3% 89%
Protein: 5.3 g
Fats: 0.69 g
Carbs: 3.29 g
Water: 89.25 g
Other: 1.47 g
6% 92%
Protein: 0.9 g
Fats: 0.1 g
Carbs: 6.43 g
Water: 91.87 g
Other: 0.7 g
Contains more Protein +488.9%
Contains more Fats +590%
Contains more Other +110%
Contains more Carbs +95.4%
Equal in Water - 91.87

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) Turnip
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in Glycemic Index ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Lower in price Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) Turnip Opinion
Net carbs 3.29g 4.63g Turnip
Protein 5.3g 0.9g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Fats 0.69g 0.1g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Carbs 3.29g 6.43g Turnip
Calories 30kcal 28kcal Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Sugar 3.8g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Fiber 1.8g Turnip
Calcium 84mg 30mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Iron 2.04mg 0.3mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Magnesium 85mg 11mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Phosphorus 99mg 27mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Potassium 608mg 191mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Sodium 11mg 67mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Zinc 0.3mg 0.27mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Copper 0.201mg 0.085mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Manganese 0.536mg 0.134mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Selenium 0.9µg 0.7µg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin A 1734IU 0IU Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin A RAE 87µg 0µg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin E 0.03mg Turnip
Vitamin C 88mg 21mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B1 0.181mg 0.04mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B2 0.362mg 0.03mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B3 1.11mg 0.4mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Vitamin B5 0.063mg 0.2mg Turnip
Vitamin B6 0.803mg 0.09mg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Folate 128µg 15µg Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Choline 11.1mg Turnip
Vitamin K 0.1µg Turnip
Tryptophan 0.009mg Turnip
Threonine 0.025mg Turnip
Isoleucine 0.036mg Turnip
Leucine 0.033mg Turnip
Lysine 0.036mg Turnip
Methionine 0.011mg Turnip
Phenylalanine 0.017mg Turnip
Valine 0.03mg Turnip
Histidine 0.014mg Turnip
Saturated Fat 0.011g Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Monounsaturated Fat 0.006g Turnip
Polyunsaturated fat 0.053g Turnip

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) Turnip
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low Glycemic Index diet ok

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Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
64%
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
11%
Turnip
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
41%
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
12%
Turnip

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is lower in Sugar (difference - 3.8g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) contains less Sodium (difference - 56mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.011g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is lower in glycemic index (difference - 73)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear)
Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is cheaper?
?
The foods are relatively equal in price ($)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia, bitter melon, balsam pear) - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168391/nutrients
  2. Turnip - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170465/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.