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Jerusalem artichoke vs Onion - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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How are Jerusalem artichoke and Onion different?

  • Jerusalem artichoke is higher than Onion in Iron, Vitamin B1, Copper, Potassium, Vitamin B3, Phosphorus, and Vitamin B5.
  • Jerusalem artichoke covers your daily need of Iron 40% more than Onion.
  • Jerusalem artichoke contains 11 times more Vitamin B3 than Onion. Jerusalem artichoke contains 1.3mg of Vitamin B3, while Onion contains 0.116mg.
  • Onion is lower in Sugar.

Jerusalem-artichokes, raw and Onions, raw types were used in this article.

Infographic

Jerusalem artichoke vs Onion infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Contains more Iron +1519%
Contains more Magnesium +70%
Contains more Phosphorus +169%
Contains more Potassium +193.8%
Contains more Copper +259%
Contains more Calcium +64.3%
Contains more Zinc +41.7%
Equal in Sodium - 4
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 5% 128% 13% 34% 38% 1% 4% 47%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 7% 8% 8% 13% 13% 1% 5% 14%
Contains more Iron +1519%
Contains more Magnesium +70%
Contains more Phosphorus +169%
Contains more Potassium +193.8%
Contains more Copper +259%
Contains more Calcium +64.3%
Contains more Zinc +41.7%
Equal in Sodium - 4

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
:
4
Onion
Contains more Vitamin A +900%
Contains more Vitamin E +850%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +334.8%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +122.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +1020.7%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +222.8%
Contains more Vitamin C +85%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +55.8%
Contains more Folate +46.2%
Contains more Vitamin K +300%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 2% 4% 0% 14% 50% 14% 25% 24% 18% 10% 0% 1%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 1% 1% 0% 25% 12% 7% 3% 8% 28% 15% 0% 1%
Contains more Vitamin A +900%
Contains more Vitamin E +850%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +334.8%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +122.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +1020.7%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +222.8%
Contains more Vitamin C +85%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +55.8%
Contains more Folate +46.2%
Contains more Vitamin K +300%

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Jerusalem artichoke Onion
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Sodium Equal
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Jerusalem artichoke Onion Opinion
Net carbs 15.84g 7.64g Jerusalem artichoke
Protein 2g 1.1g Jerusalem artichoke
Fats 0.01g 0.1g Onion
Carbs 17.44g 9.34g Jerusalem artichoke
Calories 73kcal 40kcal Jerusalem artichoke
Starch g 0g Onion
Fructose g 1.29g Onion
Sugar 9.6g 4.24g Onion
Fiber 1.6g 1.7g Onion
Calcium 14mg 23mg Onion
Iron 3.4mg 0.21mg Jerusalem artichoke
Magnesium 17mg 10mg Jerusalem artichoke
Phosphorus 78mg 29mg Jerusalem artichoke
Potassium 429mg 146mg Jerusalem artichoke
Sodium 4mg 4mg
Zinc 0.12mg 0.17mg Onion
Copper 0.14mg 0.039mg Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin A 20IU 2IU Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin E 0.19mg 0.02mg Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin D 0IU 0IU
Vitamin D 0µg 0µg
Vitamin C 4mg 7.4mg Onion
Vitamin B1 0.2mg 0.046mg Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin B2 0.06mg 0.027mg Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin B3 1.3mg 0.116mg Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin B5 0.397mg 0.123mg Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin B6 0.077mg 0.12mg Onion
Folate 13µg 19µg Onion
Vitamin B12 0µg 0µg
Vitamin K 0.1µg 0.4µg Onion
Tryptophan mg 0.014mg Onion
Threonine mg 0.021mg Onion
Isoleucine mg 0.014mg Onion
Leucine mg 0.025mg Onion
Lysine mg 0.039mg Onion
Methionine mg 0.002mg Onion
Phenylalanine mg 0.025mg Onion
Valine mg 0.021mg Onion
Histidine mg 0.014mg Onion
Cholesterol 0mg 0mg
Trans Fat 0g 0g
Saturated Fat 0g 0.042g Jerusalem artichoke
Monounsaturated Fat 0.004g 0.013g Onion
Polyunsaturated fat 0.001g 0.017g Onion

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Jerusalem artichoke Onion
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
13
Jerusalem artichoke
8
Onion
Mineral Summary Score
33
Jerusalem artichoke
8
Onion

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
12%
Jerusalem artichoke
7%
Onion
Carbohydrates
17%
Jerusalem artichoke
9%
Onion
Fats
0%
Jerusalem artichoke
0%
Onion

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Onion
Onion is lower in Sugar (difference - 5.36g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Onion
Onion is lower in glycemic index (difference - 17)
Which food is cheaper?
Onion
Onion is cheaper (difference - $0.2)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem artichoke is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.042g)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem artichoke is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Sodium?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Sodium (4 mg)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Jerusalem artichoke - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169236/nutrients
  2. Onion - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170000/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.