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Jerusalem artichoke vs Onion - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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How are Jerusalem artichoke and Onion different?

  • Jerusalem artichoke is higher than Onion in Iron, Vitamin B1, Copper, Potassium, Vitamin B3, Phosphorus, and Vitamin B5.
  • Jerusalem artichoke covers your daily need of Iron 40% more than Onion.
  • Jerusalem artichoke contains 11 times more Vitamin B3 than Onion. Jerusalem artichoke contains 1.3mg of Vitamin B3, while Onion contains 0.116mg.
  • Onion is lower in Sugar.

Jerusalem-artichokes, raw and Onions, raw types were used in this article.

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Jerusalem artichoke vs Onion infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Contains more Iron +1519%
Contains more Potassium +193.8%
Contains more Magnesium +70%
Contains more Copper +259%
Contains more Phosphorus +169%
Contains more Calcium +64.3%
Contains more Zinc +41.7%
Equal in Sodium - 4
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 128% 5% 38% 13% 47% 4% 34% 1%
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 8% 7% 13% 8% 14% 5% 13% 1%
Contains more Iron +1519%
Contains more Potassium +193.8%
Contains more Magnesium +70%
Contains more Copper +259%
Contains more Phosphorus +169%
Contains more Calcium +64.3%
Contains more Zinc +41.7%
Equal in Sodium - 4

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
:
4
Onion
Contains more Vitamin A +900%
Contains more Vitamin E +850%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +334.8%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +122.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +1020.7%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +222.8%
Contains more Vitamin C +85%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +55.8%
Contains more Vitamin K +300%
Contains more Folate +46.2%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 14% 2% 4% 0% 50% 14% 25% 24% 18% 0% 1% 10%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 25% 1% 1% 0% 12% 7% 3% 8% 28% 0% 1% 15%
Contains more Vitamin A +900%
Contains more Vitamin E +850%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +334.8%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +122.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +1020.7%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +222.8%
Contains more Vitamin C +85%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +55.8%
Contains more Vitamin K +300%
Contains more Folate +46.2%

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
13
Jerusalem artichoke
8
Onion
Mineral Summary Score
33
Jerusalem artichoke
8
Onion

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
12%
Jerusalem artichoke
7%
Onion
Carbohydrates
17%
Jerusalem artichoke
9%
Onion
Fats
0%
Jerusalem artichoke
0%
Onion

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Jerusalem artichoke Onion
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Lower in Sodium Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Jerusalem artichoke Onion
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Onion
Onion is lower in Sugar (difference - 5.36g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Onion
Onion is lower in glycemic index (difference - 17)
Which food is cheaper?
Onion
Onion is cheaper (difference - $0.2)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem artichoke is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.042g)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem artichoke is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food contains less Sodium?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Sodium (4 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Jerusalem artichoke Onion Opinion
Calories 73 40 Jerusalem artichoke
Protein 2 1.1 Jerusalem artichoke
Fats 0.01 0.1 Onion
Vitamin C 4 7.4 Onion
Net carbs 15.84000015258789 7.639999866485596 Jerusalem artichoke
Carbs 17.44 9.34 Jerusalem artichoke
Cholesterol 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Iron 3.4 0.21 Jerusalem artichoke
Calcium 14 23 Onion
Potassium 429 146 Jerusalem artichoke
Magnesium 17 10 Jerusalem artichoke
Sugar 9.6 4.24 Onion
Fiber 1.6 1.7 Onion
Copper 0.14 0.039 Jerusalem artichoke
Zinc 0.12 0.17 Onion
Starch 0 Onion
Phosphorus 78 29 Jerusalem artichoke
Sodium 4 4
Vitamin A 20 2 Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin E 0.19 0.02 Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.2 0.046 Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin B2 0.06 0.027 Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin B3 1.3 0.116 Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin B5 0.397 0.123 Jerusalem artichoke
Vitamin B6 0.077 0.12 Onion
Vitamin B12 0 0
Vitamin K 0.1 0.4 Onion
Folate 13 19 Onion
Trans Fat 0 0
Saturated Fat 0 0.042 Jerusalem artichoke
Monounsaturated Fat 0.004 0.013 Onion
Polyunsaturated fat 0.001 0.017 Onion
Tryptophan 0.014 Onion
Threonine 0.021 Onion
Isoleucine 0.014 Onion
Leucine 0.025 Onion
Lysine 0.039 Onion
Methionine 0.002 Onion
Phenylalanine 0.025 Onion
Valine 0.021 Onion
Histidine 0.014 Onion
Fructose 1.29 Onion

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Jerusalem artichoke - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169236/nutrients
  2. Onion - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170000/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.