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Parsley vs Thyme - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Jack  Yacoubian by Jack Yacoubian | Last updated on April 07, 2022
Education: Haigazian Medical University
Parsley
vs
Thyme

Summary

From the perspective of nutrition, thyme is a healthier food than parsley. Thyme is richer in zinc, copper, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, vitamins C, B2, B3, and B6. in comparison, Parsely is richer in vitamins K, A, and folate. Thyme is richer in fibers.

It is hard to point out which food is healthier when it comes to health. Both have numerous health effects and benefits. The vitamin K in parsley gives it a healthier edge over thyme since it is one of the main vitamins of parsley and provides the most benefits.

Introduction

In this article, we will be comparing two types of herbs, thyme, and parsley. First, we will compare them on their nutritional basis and see what the difference between them is.

Second, we will compare their health impacts and discuss their negative and positive effects on human health. In the final section, we will compare their general differences in usage and consumption.

At the end of this article, we must understand which herb is healthier, thyme or parsley. For this, it is necessary to discuss their nutritional and health aspects.

Nutritional content comparison

Water content

Parsley is 88% water, whereas thyme is dryer, and 66% of its weight is water.

Calories

Not of high relevancy, but thyme is higher in calories than parsley.

Glycemic index

Both these herbs are categorized as low glycemic index foods. Parsley has a higher glycemic index.

Carbs

Thyme contains higher amounts of carbs compared to parsley. The difference is of 4 times.

Nearly 60% of the carbs in thyme are fiber.

Fibers

Thyme is nearly five times richer in fibers compared to parsley.

Protein

Thyme contains higher amounts of proteins.

Fats

The amounts of fats are negligible.

Minerals

Thyme has a very rich mineral profile compared to parsley. Thyme is richer in zinc, copper, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium. Copper, calcium, magnesium, and iron satisfy the %RDVs for each.

Below we can see the charts displaying their distributions.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
:
8
Thyme
Contains more Calcium +193.5%
Contains more Iron +181.5%
Contains more Magnesium +220%
Contains more Phosphorus +82.8%
Contains less Sodium -83.9%
Contains more Zinc +69.2%
Contains more Copper +272.5%
Equal in Potassium - 609
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 42% 233% 36% 25% 49% 8% 30% 50%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 122% 655% 115% 46% 54% 2% 50% 185%
Contains more Calcium +193.5%
Contains more Iron +181.5%
Contains more Magnesium +220%
Contains more Phosphorus +82.8%
Contains less Sodium -83.9%
Contains more Zinc +69.2%
Contains more Copper +272.5%
Equal in Potassium - 609

Vitamins

Thyme is richer in vitamins C, B2, B3, and B6. Parsley is richer in vitamins K, A, and folate.

Below we can see the charts displaying their distributions.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
:
5
Thyme
Contains more Vitamin A +77.3%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +79.2%
Contains more Folate +237.8%
Contains more Vitamin C +20.4%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +380.6%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +38.9%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +286.7%
Equal in Vitamin B5 - 0.409
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 506% 15% 0% 444% 22% 23% 25% 24% 21% 114% 0% 4100%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 286% 0% 0% 534% 12% 109% 35% 25% 81% 34% 0% 0%
Contains more Vitamin A +77.3%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +79.2%
Contains more Folate +237.8%
Contains more Vitamin C +20.4%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +380.6%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +38.9%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +286.7%
Equal in Vitamin B5 - 0.409

These herbs are mostly consumed for their vitamins, minerals, and fiber content.

Health impacts

Thyme health benefits

In this section, we will discuss thyme as food or tea.

Cardiovascular health

Thyme has two properties in cardiovascular health. It decreases heart rate in patients with hypertension that have elevated heart rates. In addition, it decreases elevated lipid concentration in the blood. (1)

Respiratory health

Thyme extract has been shown to repress cough reflexes and improve overall respiratory health in patients that suffer from bronchitis. (2)

Inflammation

Thymol and carvacrol present in thyme have anti-inflammatory properties and suppress pro-inflammatory compounds. (3)

Cancer

Carvacrol and thymol have anti-carcinogenic properties that enhance apoptosis-inducing proteins targeted to cancer cells. These were most effective in liver, breast, and lung carcinomas. (4)

Diabetes

Thymol has anti-diabetic properties. Overall it controls blood glucose levels. In addition, it has anti-lipidemic properties in type 2 diabetes. This reduces the risk of diabetes and overall complication of cardiovascular health during diabetes. (5)

Parsley health benefits

Cancer

Apigenin present in parsley has anti-carcinogenic properties in almost all types of cancer cell lines. (6)

Cardiovascular health

Parsley has diuretic effects that remove excess water from the body. This property is best used in hypertensive people. (7)

Parsley is rich in vitamin K, which has anti-calcification effects on blood vessels, maintaining a smooth blood flow and reducing risks of plaque formation and complications of atherosclerosis problems. (8)

Bone health

Parsley consumption has decreased the chances of bone fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. (9)

Diabetes

Parsley rich in vitamin K increases glucose tolerance and thus is beneficial in controlling type 2 diabetes. (8)

Eye health

Since parsley contains vitamin A, it positively impacts vision. (10)

General differences

Thyme and parsley are herbs that are consumed all around the world. They have different culinary usages.

Thyme can be eaten dried, fresh, or brewed as a tea. Each has its benefits. You can lose specific vitamins, such as vitamin C, when you brew thyme since heat destroys it. However, extraction of the phenol compounds will be more efficient. Thus, it is important to integrate all sorts of thyme into an everyday diet.

Parsley is mainly cooked or raw in salads, and similarly, it can be brewed. That brew has very high diuretic effects.

References

  1. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25272894/
  2. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17063641/
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3418667/
  4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29744941/
  5. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277250868
  6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32059077/
  7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11849841/
  8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4600246/
  9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18922041/
  10. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29493984/
Article author photo Jack  Yacoubian
Education: Haigazian Medical University
Last updated: April 07, 2022

Infographic

Parsley vs Thyme infographic
Infographic link

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Parsley Thyme
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Parsley Thyme Opinion
Net carbs 3.03g 10.45g Thyme
Protein 2.97g 5.56g Thyme
Fats 0.79g 1.68g Thyme
Carbs 6.33g 24.45g Thyme
Calories 36kcal 101kcal Thyme
Starch g g
Fructose g g
Sugar 0.85g g Thyme
Fiber 3.3g 14g Thyme
Calcium 138mg 405mg Thyme
Iron 6.2mg 17.45mg Thyme
Magnesium 50mg 160mg Thyme
Phosphorus 58mg 106mg Thyme
Potassium 554mg 609mg Thyme
Sodium 56mg 9mg Thyme
Zinc 1.07mg 1.81mg Thyme
Copper 0.149mg 0.555mg Thyme
Vitamin A 8424IU 4751IU Parsley
Vitamin E 0.75mg mg Parsley
Vitamin D 0IU 0IU
Vitamin D 0µg 0µg
Vitamin C 133mg 160.1mg Thyme
Vitamin B1 0.086mg 0.048mg Parsley
Vitamin B2 0.098mg 0.471mg Thyme
Vitamin B3 1.313mg 1.824mg Thyme
Vitamin B5 0.4mg 0.409mg Thyme
Vitamin B6 0.09mg 0.348mg Thyme
Folate 152µg 45µg Parsley
Vitamin B12 0µg 0µg
Vitamin K 1640µg µg Parsley
Tryptophan 0.045mg 0.114mg Thyme
Threonine 0.122mg 0.154mg Thyme
Isoleucine 0.118mg 0.285mg Thyme
Leucine 0.204mg 0.262mg Thyme
Lysine 0.181mg 0.126mg Parsley
Methionine 0.042mg mg Parsley
Phenylalanine 0.145mg mg Parsley
Valine 0.172mg 0.307mg Thyme
Histidine 0.061mg mg Parsley
Cholesterol 0mg 0mg
Trans Fat 0g 0g
Saturated Fat 0.132g 0.467g Parsley
Monounsaturated Fat 0.295g 0.081g Parsley
Polyunsaturated fat 0.124g 0.532g Thyme

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Parsley Thyme
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

People also compare

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
441
Parsley
93
Thyme
Mineral Summary Score
59
Parsley
153
Thyme

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
18%
Parsley
33%
Thyme
Carbohydrates
6%
Parsley
24%
Thyme
Fats
4%
Parsley
8%
Thyme

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Thyme
Thyme is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.85g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Thyme
Thyme contains less Sodium (difference - 47mg)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Thyme
Thyme is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Parsley
Parsley is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.335g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Parsley
Parsley is lower in glycemic index (difference - 13)
Which food is cheaper?
Parsley
Parsley is cheaper (difference - $1.9)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Parsley - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170416/nutrients
  2. Thyme - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/173470/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.