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Banana vs Avocado - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on March 04, 2021
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Banana
vs
Avocado

Summary

Avocados contain more vitamins, minerals, protein, and calories, whereas bananas are higher in Vitamin B6, Sodium, and Carbohydrates. Avocados contain 40 times more Vitamin K and two times more potassium than bananas. Bananas are richer in sugars and have a higher glycemic index.

Introduction

In this article, we are going to compare banana and avocado fruits and their nutritional contents. Avocados are fruits, and bananas are classified as fruits and vegetables. These two products are different in many ways; nutrition, appearance, and taste. Nevertheless, they still have certain similarities; these two are incredibly healthy, cheap, and tasty.

Varieties

Bananas are known as fruits and vegetables because they belong to the Musa genus (Musa acuminate) [1]. Avocados (Persea Americana) belong to the Persea genus are classified as a member of the flowering plant species [2]. The most common banana species are Cavendish Bananas and Lady's Finger Bananas. All avocados are traced to either Guatemalan, Mexican, or West Indian origin.

Nutrition

Nutritionally these two fruits are different. To understand the difference between them, have a look at our nutrition infographic below.

Calories

Overall, avocados contain more calories and hold proteins and fat; each avocado has about 160 calories, two times more than bananas.

Each avocado contains 684 KJ per 100g, while each banana contains 371 KJ per 100g. Here again, the amount of food energy in avocado is two times higher than in bananas.

Vitamins

Bananas and avocados are rich in vitamins. These fruits contain different vitamins in different amounts and have very little in common.

Avocados are richer in vitamin K, B2, B3, B5. The amount of Vitamin K in avocados is 40 times more than in bananas. The level of saturated fat in avocados is higher than in bananas, which means this fruit is less healthy in the diet. On the other hand, bananas contain more Vitamin B6 than avocados. Both fruits completely lack Vitamins D and Vitamin B 12 [3].

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Banana
1
:
Contains more Vitamin B6 +42.8%
Contains more Vitamin A +128.1%
Contains more Vitamin E +1970%
Contains more Vitamin C +14.9%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +116.1%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +78.1%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +161.4%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +315.9%
Contains more Folate +305%
Contains more Vitamin K +4100%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 4% 2% 0% 29% 8% 17% 13% 21% 85% 15% 0% 2%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 9% 42% 0% 34% 17% 30% 33% 84% 60% 61% 0% 53%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +42.8%
Contains more Vitamin A +128.1%
Contains more Vitamin E +1970%
Contains more Vitamin C +14.9%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +116.1%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +78.1%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +161.4%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +315.9%
Contains more Folate +305%
Contains more Vitamin K +4100%

Minerals

Overall, avocados are rich in minerals. This fruit contains more Potassium, Manganese, and Zinc. Avocados contain four times more Zinc than bananas. On the other hand, the level of Sodium in bananas is higher than in avocados [4] [5].

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Banana
1
:
Contains less Sodium -85.7%
Contains more Calcium +140%
Contains more Iron +111.5%
Contains more Phosphorus +136.4%
Contains more Potassium +35.5%
Contains more Zinc +326.7%
Contains more Copper +143.6%
Equal in Magnesium - 29
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 2% 10% 20% 10% 32% 1% 5% 27%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 4% 21% 21% 23% 43% 1% 18% 64%
Contains less Sodium -85.7%
Contains more Calcium +140%
Contains more Iron +111.5%
Contains more Phosphorus +136.4%
Contains more Potassium +35.5%
Contains more Zinc +326.7%
Contains more Copper +143.6%
Equal in Magnesium - 29

Potassium

Potassium is an essential mineral. It may help to reduce the risk of kidney stones. An avocado has more potassium than a banana. The amount of potassium in these two fruits does not differ much; however, one medium-sized avocado has 13.86 mg potassium, while bananas contain 10.23 mg of this mineral [6] [7].

Sugar

Now let's talk about the total amount of sugars, including glucose, fructose, lactose, etc. Avocados contain more sugar than bananas. Each avocado contains 28g sugar per 100 g, while each banana contains 12.23g per 100 g [8] [9].

Glycemic Index

The glycemic values of avocados and bananas are estimated to be 15 and 51, respectively. The difference is significant. These numbers show us that bananas have a higher glycemic index than avocados. That means bananas quickly cause increases in blood glucose levels. According to studies, avocados fall under the category of having a low GI value.

Acidity

For many of us, acidity is one of the leading health issues. Moreover, in our daily meals, we try to avoid acid reflux. In this case, avocados are low-acid fruits, the level of acidity in avocados is about 4.95, and bananas acidity level is almost the same, it is about 5.

Weight Loss

According to studies, foods containing a high level of fiber or fat can help you decrease the risk of high blood pressure, feel full longer and satisfied, and reduce the total number of calories you eat. In this case, avocados contain two times more fiber than bananas. A middle-sized avocado contains 7 g fiber per 100 g, while a medium banana contains 3.07 g of fiber. The recommended daily intake is 25 g. Although eating these fruits can't directly lead to weight loss, some of the components of these fruits can help reduce bloating and replace processed sugars [6] [10].

Health Benefits

These fruits are incredibly healthy and have many health benefits. Their potential health benefits include excluding the risk of depression and protection against cancer.

Cardiovascular Health

Have you ever wondered what fruit to eat to have a healthy heart? The answer is banana and avocados․. Try to have banana and avocado smoothies once in a while to be healthy. Bananas are rich in potassium, which keeps electricity flowing throughout your body. That is required to keep your heart beating [11].

On the other hand, most of the fat in an avocado is monounsaturated fat, which may help lower ("bad") cholesterol. That helps to keep your heart healthier. This entire means, these fruits are good for your heart [12].

Besides all this, avocados also have oleic acid that is great for inflammation [13].

Anti-aging Effect

Did you know there are things that you can do to keep yourself looking youthful for as long as possible? One of those things to stop the aging clock is to eat fruit. And here we have an absolute favorite. Avocados are rich in Vitamins, especially Vitamin E and B-complex, both wonderfully nourishing for your skin; moreover, the potassium that avocado contains helps keep your skin moisturized and hydrated [17].

Cancer

Carotenoids are plant pigments, which have an important antioxidant function of deactivating free radicals that can damage cells by reacting with other molecules. People who eat foods containing carotenoids get protective health benefits as well.

Phytochemical compounds such as carotenoids (lycopene and beta-carotene), separated from some species of avocados, may activate apoptosis in some cancer cell lines. Simply put, avocados may help fight cancer.

The antioxidant level of bananas is also high; nevertheless, their role in the fight against cancer has not yet been established.

In 2008, a Swedish study found that women who ate 4-6 bananas a week cut in half their risk of developing kidney cancer [14].

Good eye health

Avocados contain a high amount of lutein, a natural antioxidant that helps maintain eye health as you age. Each avocado contains 80mg per 100g. Besides that, the high level of Vitamin A present in these fruits plays an essential role in keeping the mucus membranes in the eyes healthy [15].

Diarrhea

We all have faced a problem called diarrhea. Diarrhea may happen because of many causes, and as a result, the body loses water and minerals.

Eating fruits high in potassium and Sodium can replace minerals lost from diarrhea. The potassium and sodium level in avocado is higher than in bananas, so you will restore your mineral intake by eating this fruit after diarrhea.

Downsides and Risks

Allergy

Both bananas and avocados can cause an allergic reaction․

People can have an oral allergy to avocados because they have a high level of histamines. When it happens, the symptoms usually include itching in the lips, mouth, or throat.

An allergic reaction to bananas is more likely to have people who are sensitive to latex. When they do, the symptoms include irritation and itching of the mouth [16].

Other side effects

Both fruits are likely safe and healthy in daily use. However, because half of an avocado is high in calories, those on diets should consume it in moderation. Side effects to bananas and avocados may include bloating, gas, softer stools, nausea, and vomiting, stomach cramps, and insomnia [16].

Sources

  1. https://www.scirp.org/html/13-2700276_16366.htm
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-011-1584-1_2
  3. https://sci-hub.se/10.1002/pmic.201400325
  4. http://www.afst.valahia.ro/images/documente/2019/issue1/I.7_Olaoye.pdf
  5. https://fruits.edpsciences.org/articles/fruits/abs/2009/02/i9201/i9201.html
  6. https://www.phytojournal.com/vol1Issue3/Issue_sept_2012/9.1.pdf
  7. http://209.143.153.251/WAC2/WAC2_p025.pdf
  8. http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jas/article/view/0/38291
  9. http://www.avocadosource.com/Journals/JBioChem/JBioChem_1917_28_511-522.pdf
  10. https://sci-hub.se/https://doi.org/10.1016/0195-6663(92)90165-3
  11. https://academic.oup.com/fqs/article/2/4/183/5164297?login=true
  12. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10408398.2011.556759
  13. http://www.avocadosource.com/WAC2/WAC2_p037.pdf
  14. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1018364718315714
  15. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/fsn3.1308
  16. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1398-9995.1998.tb03889.x
  17. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/489f/939e5097a0c54346583cf35104a289a3585b.pdf
Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: March 04, 2021

Infographic

Banana vs Avocado infographic
Infographic link

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Banana Avocado
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Rich in minerals ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Banana Avocado Opinion
Net carbs 20.24g 1.83g Banana
Protein 1.09g 2g Avocado
Fats 0.33g 14.66g Avocado
Carbs 22.84g 8.53g Banana
Calories 89kcal 160kcal Avocado
Starch 5.38g 0.11g Banana
Fructose 4.85g 0.12g Banana
Sugar 12.23g 0.66g Avocado
Fiber 2.6g 6.7g Avocado
Calcium 5mg 12mg Avocado
Iron 0.26mg 0.55mg Avocado
Magnesium 27mg 29mg Avocado
Phosphorus 22mg 52mg Avocado
Potassium 358mg 485mg Avocado
Sodium 1mg 7mg Banana
Zinc 0.15mg 0.64mg Avocado
Copper 0.078mg 0.19mg Avocado
Vitamin A 64IU 146IU Avocado
Vitamin E 0.1mg 2.07mg Avocado
Vitamin D 0IU 0IU
Vitamin D 0µg 0µg
Vitamin C 8.7mg 10mg Avocado
Vitamin B1 0.031mg 0.067mg Avocado
Vitamin B2 0.073mg 0.13mg Avocado
Vitamin B3 0.665mg 1.738mg Avocado
Vitamin B5 0.334mg 1.389mg Avocado
Vitamin B6 0.367mg 0.257mg Banana
Folate 20µg 81µg Avocado
Vitamin B12 0µg 0µg
Vitamin K 0.5µg 21µg Avocado
Tryptophan 0.009mg 0.025mg Avocado
Threonine 0.028mg 0.073mg Avocado
Isoleucine 0.028mg 0.084mg Avocado
Leucine 0.068mg 0.143mg Avocado
Lysine 0.05mg 0.132mg Avocado
Methionine 0.008mg 0.038mg Avocado
Phenylalanine 0.049mg 0.097mg Avocado
Valine 0.047mg 0.107mg Avocado
Histidine 0.077mg 0.049mg Banana
Cholesterol 0mg 0mg
Trans Fat 0g 0g
Saturated Fat 0.112g 2.126g Banana
Monounsaturated Fat 0.032g 9.799g Avocado
Polyunsaturated fat 0.073g 1.816g Avocado

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Banana Avocado
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

People also compare

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
16
Banana
35
Avocado
Mineral Summary Score
13
Banana
24
Avocado

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
7%
Banana
12%
Avocado
Carbohydrates
23%
Banana
9%
Avocado
Fats
2%
Banana
68%
Avocado

Comparison summary

Which food contains less Sodium?
Banana
Banana contains less Sodium (difference - 6mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Banana
Banana is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 2.014g)
Which food is cheaper?
Banana
Banana is cheaper (difference - $0.6)
Which food is lower in Sugar?
Avocado
Avocado is lower in Sugar (difference - 11.57g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Avocado
Avocado is lower in glycemic index (difference - 8)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Avocado
Avocado is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Avocado
Avocado is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Banana - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/173944/nutrients
  2. Avocado - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171705/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.