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Barley vs Rye - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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What are the main differences between Barley and Rye?

  • Barley is richer in Selenium, Vitamin B1, Copper, Iron, Fiber, and Magnesium, yet Rye is richer in Manganese, Vitamin B5, and Phosphorus.
  • Barley's daily need coverage for Selenium is 43% higher.
  • Barley has 2 times more Vitamin B1 than Rye. Barley has 0.646mg of Vitamin B1, while Rye has 0.316mg.

We used Barley, hulled and Rye grain types in this comparison.

Infographic

Barley vs Rye infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Barley
5
:
3
Rye
Contains more Iron +36.9%
Contains more Calcium +37.5%
Contains more Magnesium +20.9%
Contains more Copper +35.7%
Contains more Potassium +12.8%
Contains more Phosphorus +25.8%
Contains less Sodium -83.3%
Equal in Zinc - 2.65
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 135% 10% 40% 95% 166% 76% 114% 2%
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 99% 8% 45% 79% 123% 73% 143% 1%
Contains more Iron +36.9%
Contains more Calcium +37.5%
Contains more Magnesium +20.9%
Contains more Copper +35.7%
Contains more Potassium +12.8%
Contains more Phosphorus +25.8%
Contains less Sodium -83.3%
Equal in Zinc - 2.65

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Barley
5
:
4
Rye
Contains more Vitamin A +100%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +104.4%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +13.5%
Contains more Vitamin E +49.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +416.3%
Contains more Vitamin K +168.2%
Contains more Folate +100%
Equal in Vitamin B3 - 4.27
Equal in Vitamin B6 - 0.294
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 2% 12% 0% 162% 66% 87% 17% 74% 0% 6% 15%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 1% 17% 0% 79% 58% 81% 88% 68% 0% 15% 29%
Contains more Vitamin A +100%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +104.4%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +13.5%
Contains more Vitamin E +49.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +416.3%
Contains more Vitamin K +168.2%
Contains more Folate +100%
Equal in Vitamin B3 - 4.27
Equal in Vitamin B6 - 0.294

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
36
Barley
36
Rye
Mineral Summary Score
80
Barley
71
Rye

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
75%
Barley
62%
Rye
Carbohydrates
73%
Barley
76%
Rye
Fats
11%
Barley
8%
Rye

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Barley Rye
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Barley Rye
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Comparison summary

Which food contains less Sodium?
Rye
Rye contains less Sodium (difference - 10mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Rye
Rye is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.285g)
Which food is cheaper?
Rye
Rye is cheaper (difference - $1.1)
Which food is lower in Sugar?
Barley
Barley is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.18g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Barley
Barley is lower in glycemic index (difference - 6)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Barley
Barley is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Barley Rye Opinion
Calories 354 338 Barley
Protein 12.48 10.34 Barley
Fats 2.3 1.63 Barley
Vitamin C 0 0
Net carbs 56.18000030517578 60.7599983215332 Rye
Carbs 73.48 75.86 Rye
Cholesterol 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Iron 3.6 2.63 Barley
Calcium 33 24 Barley
Potassium 452 510 Rye
Magnesium 133 110 Barley
Sugar 0.8 0.98 Barley
Fiber 17.3 15.1 Barley
Copper 0.498 0.367 Barley
Zinc 2.77 2.65 Barley
Starch
Phosphorus 264 332 Rye
Sodium 12 2 Rye
Vitamin A 22 11 Barley
Vitamin E 0.57 0.85 Rye
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.646 0.316 Barley
Vitamin B2 0.285 0.251 Barley
Vitamin B3 4.604 4.27 Barley
Vitamin B5 0.282 1.456 Rye
Vitamin B6 0.318 0.294 Barley
Vitamin B12 0 0
Vitamin K 2.2 5.9 Rye
Folate 19 38 Rye
Trans Fat 0 Barley
Saturated Fat 0.482 0.197 Rye
Monounsaturated Fat 0.295 0.208 Barley
Polyunsaturated fat 1.108 0.767 Barley
Tryptophan 0.208 0.108 Barley
Threonine 0.424 0.289 Barley
Isoleucine 0.456 0.208 Barley
Leucine 0.848 0.563 Barley
Lysine 0.465 0.286 Barley
Methionine 0.24 0.153 Barley
Phenylalanine 0.7 0.435 Barley
Valine 0.612 0.317 Barley
Histidine 0.281 0.189 Barley
Fructose 0.11 Rye

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Barley - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170283/nutrients
  2. Rye - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168884/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.