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Blackberry vs. Mulberry — How Do They Differ?

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Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan by Victoria Mazmanyan | Last updated on May 27, 2024
Medically reviewed by Elen Khachatrian Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Mulberry
vs
Blackberry

Summary

Blackberry grows on a blackberry bush and has a round shape, while mulberry grows on a mulberry tree and has an oval shape.

Blackberries contain more fiber, vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin K, copper, and zinc, whereas mulberries are richer in sugars, vitamin C, vitamin B2, iron, calcium, potassium, and phosphorus.

Introduction

Blackberries are the edible fruit of the Rubus genus, belonging to the Rosaceae family, whereas mulberries belong to the Morus genus, from the Moraceae family. In this article, we will go through the differences between raw blackberries and raw mulberries regarding their nutrient composition and health impact. 

Actual Differences

Blackberries and mulberries look quite similar; however, botanically, they don’t have much in common. 

Blackberries grow on prickly bushes, and mulberries grow on trees that can grow to be over 24 meters (80ft.) (1). 

Ripe mulberries can be black, white, or red, depending on the species. Blackberries, on the other hand, when ripe, appear to be only dark purple or black

The shape of blackberries is often rounder, while some species of mulberry fruits can grow to be around 10cm (0.3ft.) in length. When picked, the mulberry fruit tends to have a white or green stem, and in contrast, the blackberry does not.

The historic route of blackberries isn’t so clear. They are native to Asia, Europe, and North America (2), mainly in northern temperate zones.

Taste and Use

Blackberries have a tart flavor and are luscious and delicious. Unripe berries can be sour or bitter, whereas the ripest ones are sweet and tangy. On the other hand, mulberries have a flavor profile that is well-balanced between sweet and acidic, occasionally with an element of baking spices. 

People often describe blackberry as a black raspberry, meaning the similarities in flavor and appearance. You can read more about those berries in the Blackberry vs. Raspberry comparison article

Fresh blackberries are widely used as a topping for ice creams, waffles, cakes, and pancakes. Besides, blackberries are a famous ingredient for juices and confitures. In contrast, mulberries are used for jams, jellies, and juice wine preparation

Nutrition

General nutritional characteristics may differ depending on the type of mulberries. Here, we will be talking about 100g servings of raw black mulberries and raw blackberries.

Macronutrients

Calories

Both berries have the same amount of 43 calories per serving.

Protein

Mulberries are slightly higher in protein.

Carbs

As both berries contain the same amount of carbs, blackberries have more fiber. They provide 5.3g of fiber per 100g, while mulberries have only 1.7g of fiber.

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Other +91.7%
Contains more Fats +25.6%
Equal in Protein - 1.39
Equal in Carbs - 9.61
Equal in Water - 88.15
10% 88%
Protein: 1.44 g
Fats: 0.39 g
Carbs: 9.8 g
Water: 87.68 g
Other: 0.69 g
10% 88%
Protein: 1.39 g
Fats: 0.49 g
Carbs: 9.61 g
Water: 88.15 g
Other: 0.36 g
Contains more Other +91.7%
Contains more Fats +25.6%
Equal in Protein - 1.39
Equal in Carbs - 9.61
Equal in Water - 88.15
 

Vitamins

Both blackberries and mulberries are rich in vitamins. Blackberries contain higher vitamin A, vitamin E, and vitamin K concentrations, whereas mulberries are richer in vitamin C, vitamins B1, B2, and vitamin B6. Both fruits are equal in vitamin B3 and do not contain vitamin D, vitamins B12, and B9.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
Contains more Vitamin C +73.3%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +45%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +288.5%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +66.7%
Contains more Choline +44.7%
Contains more Vitamin A +756%
Contains more Vitamin E +34.5%
Contains more Folate +316.7%
Contains more Vitamin K +153.8%
Equal in Vitamin B3 - 0.646
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 2% 18% 0% 122% 8% 24% 12% 0% 12% 5% 0% 7% 20%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 13% 24% 0% 70% 5% 6% 13% 17% 7% 19% 0% 5% 50%
Contains more Vitamin C +73.3%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +45%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +288.5%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +66.7%
Contains more Choline +44.7%
Contains more Vitamin A +756%
Contains more Vitamin E +34.5%
Contains more Folate +316.7%
Contains more Vitamin K +153.8%
Equal in Vitamin B3 - 0.646

Minerals

Blackberries are higher in copper and zinc. On the other hand, mulberries contain more iron, calcium, potassium, and phosphorus. Blackberries are lower in sodium. Both fruits contain nearly the same amount of magnesium.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Contains more Calcium +34.5%
Contains more Iron +198.4%
Contains more Phosphorus +72.7%
Contains more Potassium +19.8%
Contains more Selenium +50%
Contains more Magnesium +11.1%
Contains less Sodium -90%
Contains more Zinc +341.7%
Contains more Copper +175%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 12% 70% 13% 17% 18% 2% 4% 20% 0% 4%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 9% 24% 15% 10% 15% 1% 15% 56% 85% 3%
Contains more Calcium +34.5%
Contains more Iron +198.4%
Contains more Phosphorus +72.7%
Contains more Potassium +19.8%
Contains more Selenium +50%
Contains more Magnesium +11.1%
Contains less Sodium -90%
Contains more Zinc +341.7%
Contains more Copper +175%

Glycemic Index

Mulberries have a glycemic index equal to 3, and blueberries have a GI value equal to 2. Both are considered low-glycemic index foods.

Health Impact

Berries have long been considered an important part of a healthy human diet. Both blackberries and mulberries are high in phytochemicals and antioxidants, giving them various beneficial qualities. Both fruits have strong scavenging and metal-chelating activities and can be used as functional foods.

Overall, phenolic and flavonoid compound levels in black mulberry fruits are higher than that of blackberries (4). Long mulberries contain these compounds in lesser amounts (5).

Organic Acids and Antioxidants

The predominant organic acid present in a wild-grown black mulberry is malic acid (3). Malic acid is one of the compounds involved in the cell’s Krebs cycle and has been used for medicinal purposes, most commonly to alleviate symptoms of dry mouth. It can also be helpful in conditions such as fibromyalgia, skin conditions, and fatigue. However, there is not yet enough scientific evidence to support this.

Black mulberry has a more potent antioxidant capacity when compared to white mulberry. Chlorogenic acid had the highest concentration among the phenolic acids in wild-grown blackberries and white and black mulberries. Chlorogenic acid has anthocyanin-stabilizing qualities (6). Another phenolic acid, oxalic acid, was only found in wild-grown blackberries (3). The predominant organic acids found in blackberries were citric and malic (7).

Both mulberries and blackberries are also rich in a polyphenol called resveratrol. Resveratrol has been found to modulate vascular cell function, inhibit low-density lipoprotein oxidation, suppress platelet aggregation, and reduce myocardial damage during ischemia-reperfusion, presenting biological benefits during cardiovascular conditions and inflammation. Resveratrol has also been shown to inhibit kinase activity, which has been related to cancer (8). Nowadays, resveratrol is considered an anti-aging compound because it prevents chronic inflammation and boosts sirtuins - molecules that have anti-aging properties (9). 

The antioxidant that gives blackberries and mulberries their dark coloring is called anthocyanin, which also has an array of health benefits. Anthocyanins in mulberries have been proven to express hepatoprotective and hypolipidemic qualities during liver cirrhosis (10) and have the ability to potentially prevent atherosclerosis, inhibit melanoma metastasis, and gastric cancer cell growth (11). On the other hand, anthocyanins found in blackberries have been proven to lessen diet-induced obesity by alleviating oxidative stress and inflammation and accelerating energy expenditure (12). Also, anthocyanins in blackberries are beneficial in boosting the immune system (13). 

Vascular Health

Another compound found in mulberries with a complicated name of cyanidin-3-O-beta-d-glucopyranoside, or C3G for short, has been proven to have protective qualities against cerebral ischemia (14).

Due to its phenolic content, the aqueous herbal tea extract of blackberries can potentially prevent the development of vascular diseases seen in type 2 diabetes (16).

Antimicrobial Properties

A study has shown that blackberry extracts have antimicrobial qualities against significant periodontal pathogens, such as Streptococcus mutans, that can be effectively used to help maintain oral health (15).

Diabetes

The antidiabetic effects of mulberry are due to polysaccharides found within white mulberries that express antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic activities (17), as well as due to its concentration of anthocyanin (18).

Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Last updated: May 27, 2024
Medically reviewed by Elen Khachatrian

Infographic

Mulberry vs Blackberry infographic
Infographic link

Fat Type Comparison

Fat type breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains less Saturated Fat -48.1%
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +14.6%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +35.3%
10% 15% 75%
Saturated Fat: 0.027 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.041 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.207 g
4% 14% 82%
Saturated Fat: 0.014 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.047 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.28 g
Contains less Saturated Fat -48.1%
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +14.6%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +35.3%

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Mulberry Blackberry
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Lower in Glycemic Index Equal
Rich in minerals Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Mulberry Blackberry Opinion
Net carbs 8.1g 4.31g Mulberry
Protein 1.44g 1.39g Mulberry
Fats 0.39g 0.49g Blackberry
Carbs 9.8g 9.61g Mulberry
Calories 43kcal 43kcal
Fructose 2.4g Blackberry
Sugar 8.1g 4.88g Blackberry
Fiber 1.7g 5.3g Blackberry
Calcium 39mg 29mg Mulberry
Iron 1.85mg 0.62mg Mulberry
Magnesium 18mg 20mg Blackberry
Phosphorus 38mg 22mg Mulberry
Potassium 194mg 162mg Mulberry
Sodium 10mg 1mg Blackberry
Zinc 0.12mg 0.53mg Blackberry
Copper 0.06mg 0.165mg Blackberry
Manganese 0.646mg Blackberry
Selenium 0.6µg 0.4µg Mulberry
Vitamin A 25IU 214IU Blackberry
Vitamin A RAE 1µg 11µg Blackberry
Vitamin E 0.87mg 1.17mg Blackberry
Vitamin C 36.4mg 21mg Mulberry
Vitamin B1 0.029mg 0.02mg Mulberry
Vitamin B2 0.101mg 0.026mg Mulberry
Vitamin B3 0.62mg 0.646mg Blackberry
Vitamin B5 0.276mg Blackberry
Vitamin B6 0.05mg 0.03mg Mulberry
Folate 6µg 25µg Blackberry
Choline 12.3mg 8.5mg Mulberry
Vitamin K 7.8µg 19.8µg Blackberry
Saturated Fat 0.027g 0.014g Blackberry
Monounsaturated Fat 0.041g 0.047g Blackberry
Polyunsaturated fat 0.207g 0.28g Blackberry

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Mulberry Blackberry
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet Equal
Low Glycemic Index diet Equal

People also compare

Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
17%
Mulberry
17%
Blackberry
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
16%
Mulberry
23%
Blackberry

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Blackberry
Blackberry is lower in Sugar (difference - 3.22g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Blackberry
Blackberry contains less Sodium (difference - 9mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Blackberry
Blackberry is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.013g)
Which food is cheaper?
Blackberry
Blackberry is cheaper (difference - $0.1)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
?
The foods have equal glycemic indexes (25)
Which food is richer in minerals?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Mulberry - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169913/nutrients
  2. Blackberry - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/173946/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.