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Oat vs Barley - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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Important differences between Oat and Barley

  • Oat has more Manganese, Phosphorus, Vitamin B5, Copper, Iron, and Zinc, however Barley has more Fiber, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B6, and Vitamin B2.
  • Oat's daily need coverage for Manganese is 129% more.
  • Oat has 5 times more Vitamin B5 than Barley. Oat has 1.349mg of Vitamin B5, while Barley has 0.282mg.

The food varieties used in the comparison are Oats and Barley, hulled.

Infographic

Oat vs Barley infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Oat
7
:
1
Barley
Contains more Iron +31.1%
Contains more Calcium +63.6%
Contains more Magnesium +33.1%
Contains more Copper +25.7%
Contains more Zinc +43.3%
Contains more Phosphorus +98.1%
Contains less Sodium -83.3%
Equal in Potassium - 452
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 177% 17% 38% 127% 209% 109% 225% 1%
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 135% 10% 40% 95% 166% 76% 114% 2%
Contains more Iron +31.1%
Contains more Calcium +63.6%
Contains more Magnesium +33.1%
Contains more Copper +25.7%
Contains more Zinc +43.3%
Contains more Phosphorus +98.1%
Contains less Sodium -83.3%
Equal in Potassium - 452

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Oat
3
:
6
Barley
Contains more Vitamin B1 +18.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +378.4%
Contains more Folate +194.7%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +105%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +379.1%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +167.2%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 0% 0% 0% 191% 33% 19% 81% 28% 0% 0% 43%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 0% 2% 12% 0% 162% 66% 87% 17% 74% 0% 6% 15%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +18.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +378.4%
Contains more Folate +194.7%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +105%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +379.1%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +167.2%

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
33
Oat
36
Barley
Mineral Summary Score
112
Oat
80
Barley

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
101%
Oat
75%
Barley
Carbohydrates
66%
Oat
73%
Barley
Fats
32%
Oat
11%
Barley

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Oat Barley
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in price ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Oat Barley
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Oat
Oat is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.8g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Oat
Oat contains less Sodium (difference - 10mg)
Which food is cheaper?
Oat
Oat is cheaper (difference - $0.9)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Oat
Oat is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Barley
Barley is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.735g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Barley
Barley is lower in glycemic index (difference - 31)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Oat Barley Opinion
Calories 389 354 Oat
Protein 16.89 12.48 Oat
Fats 6.9 2.3 Oat
Vitamin C 0 0
Carbs 66.27 73.48 Barley
Cholesterol 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Iron 4.72 3.6 Oat
Calcium 54 33 Oat
Potassium 429 452 Barley
Magnesium 177 133 Oat
Sugar 0.8 Oat
Fiber 10.6 17.3 Barley
Copper 0.626 0.498 Oat
Zinc 3.97 2.77 Oat
Starch
Phosphorus 523 264 Oat
Sodium 2 12 Oat
Vitamin A 0 22 Barley
Vitamin E 0.57 Barley
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.763 0.646 Oat
Vitamin B2 0.139 0.285 Barley
Vitamin B3 0.961 4.604 Barley
Vitamin B5 1.349 0.282 Oat
Vitamin B6 0.119 0.318 Barley
Vitamin B12 0 0
Vitamin K 2.2 Barley
Folate 56 19 Oat
Trans Fat
Saturated Fat 1.217 0.482 Barley
Monounsaturated Fat 2.178 0.295 Oat
Polyunsaturated fat 2.535 1.108 Oat
Tryptophan 0.234 0.208 Oat
Threonine 0.575 0.424 Oat
Isoleucine 0.694 0.456 Oat
Leucine 1.284 0.848 Oat
Lysine 0.701 0.465 Oat
Methionine 0.312 0.24 Oat
Phenylalanine 0.895 0.7 Oat
Valine 0.937 0.612 Oat
Histidine 0.405 0.281 Oat
Fructose

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Oat - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169705/nutrients
  2. Barley - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170283/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.