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Onion vs Artichoke - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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How are Onion and Artichoke different?

  • Artichoke has more Copper, Fiber, Iron, Folate, Vitamin K, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Vitamin B3, and Manganese than Onion.
  • Daily need coverage for Copper from Artichoke is 21% higher.

Onions, raw and Artichokes, (globe or french), raw are the varieties used in this article.

Infographic

Onion vs Artichoke infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Contains less Sodium -95.7%
Contains more Calcium +91.3%
Contains more Iron +509.5%
Contains more Magnesium +500%
Contains more Phosphorus +210.3%
Contains more Potassium +153.4%
Contains more Zinc +188.2%
Contains more Copper +492.3%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 7% 8% 8% 13% 13% 1% 5% 14%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 14% 48% 43% 39% 33% 13% 14% 77%
Contains less Sodium -95.7%
Contains more Calcium +91.3%
Contains more Iron +509.5%
Contains more Magnesium +500%
Contains more Phosphorus +210.3%
Contains more Potassium +153.4%
Contains more Zinc +188.2%
Contains more Copper +492.3%

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Onion
1
:
Contains more Vitamin A +550%
Contains more Vitamin E +850%
Contains more Vitamin C +58.1%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +56.5%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +144.4%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +801.7%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +174.8%
Contains more Folate +257.9%
Contains more Vitamin K +3600%
Equal in Vitamin B6 - 0.116
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 1% 1% 0% 25% 12% 7% 3% 8% 28% 15% 0% 1%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 1% 4% 0% 39% 18% 16% 20% 21% 27% 51% 0% 37%
Contains more Vitamin A +550%
Contains more Vitamin E +850%
Contains more Vitamin C +58.1%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +56.5%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +144.4%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +801.7%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +174.8%
Contains more Folate +257.9%
Contains more Vitamin K +3600%
Equal in Vitamin B6 - 0.116

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Onion Artichoke
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Rich in minerals ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Onion Artichoke Opinion
Net carbs 7.64g 5.11g Onion
Protein 1.1g 3.27g Artichoke
Fats 0.1g 0.15g Artichoke
Carbs 9.34g 10.51g Artichoke
Calories 40kcal 47kcal Artichoke
Starch 0g g Onion
Fructose 1.29g g Onion
Sugar 4.24g 0.99g Artichoke
Fiber 1.7g 5.4g Artichoke
Calcium 23mg 44mg Artichoke
Iron 0.21mg 1.28mg Artichoke
Magnesium 10mg 60mg Artichoke
Phosphorus 29mg 90mg Artichoke
Potassium 146mg 370mg Artichoke
Sodium 4mg 94mg Onion
Zinc 0.17mg 0.49mg Artichoke
Copper 0.039mg 0.231mg Artichoke
Vitamin A 2IU 13IU Artichoke
Vitamin E 0.02mg 0.19mg Artichoke
Vitamin D 0IU 0IU
Vitamin D 0µg 0µg
Vitamin C 7.4mg 11.7mg Artichoke
Vitamin B1 0.046mg 0.072mg Artichoke
Vitamin B2 0.027mg 0.066mg Artichoke
Vitamin B3 0.116mg 1.046mg Artichoke
Vitamin B5 0.123mg 0.338mg Artichoke
Vitamin B6 0.12mg 0.116mg Onion
Folate 19µg 68µg Artichoke
Vitamin B12 0µg 0µg
Vitamin K 0.4µg 14.8µg Artichoke
Tryptophan 0.014mg mg Onion
Threonine 0.021mg mg Onion
Isoleucine 0.014mg mg Onion
Leucine 0.025mg mg Onion
Lysine 0.039mg mg Onion
Methionine 0.002mg mg Onion
Phenylalanine 0.025mg mg Onion
Valine 0.021mg mg Onion
Histidine 0.014mg mg Onion
Cholesterol 0mg 0mg
Trans Fat 0g 0g
Saturated Fat 0.042g 0.036g Artichoke
Monounsaturated Fat 0.013g 0.005g Onion
Polyunsaturated fat 0.017g 0.064g Artichoke

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Onion Artichoke
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
8
Onion
19
Artichoke
Mineral Summary Score
8
Onion
35
Artichoke

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
7%
Onion
20%
Artichoke
Carbohydrates
9%
Onion
11%
Artichoke
Fats
0%
Onion
1%
Artichoke

Comparison summary

Which food contains less Sodium?
Onion
Onion contains less Sodium (difference - 90mg)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Onion
Onion is lower in glycemic index (difference - 17)
Which food is cheaper?
Onion
Onion is cheaper (difference - $0.2)
Which food is lower in Sugar?
Artichoke
Artichoke is lower in Sugar (difference - 3.25g)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Artichoke
Artichoke is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.006g)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Artichoke
Artichoke is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Artichoke
Artichoke is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Onion - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170000/nutrients
  2. Artichoke - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169205/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.