Chili pepper vs. Cayenne pepper — Health Impact and Nutrition Comparison
Cayenne pepper provides more vitamin A, vitamin B1, fiber, vitamin B3, iron, and zinc.
On the other hand, chili pepper contains more vitamin C and less sodium.
Table of contents
Cayenne pepper is chili pepper with a moderate hot flavor. Chili pepper is a variety of pepper from the Capsicum family. Chili pepper is usually hotter than cayenne pepper. They also differ in flavor: cayenne pepper is earthy and spicy, while chili pepper is milder. Chili pepper can have green varieties, while cayenne pepper is only red.
Cayenne pepper is nearly eight times higher in calories than chili pepper. Cayenne pepper contains 318 calories, while chili pepper provides 40 calories per 100g. Cayenne pepper is considered a high-calorie food, but because people consume it in a tiny amount, calories can be neglected.
Cayenne pepper has 17.3g of fats per 100g, while the same amount of chili pepper provides less than one gram.
Both cayenne pepper and chili pepper do not provide cholesterol.
Cayenne pepper contains 56.6g of carbs per 100g, whereas chili pepper provides only 8.8g of carbs. Once consumed in small amounts, cayenne pepper and chili pepper are not considered foods with high carbohydrate amounts.
Cayenne pepper is richer in fiber: 100g contains 27.2g of fiber, while the same amount of chili pepper has only 1.5g of fiber.
Cayenne pepper contains more calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, potassium, zinc, and copper.
Chili pepper contains less sodium.
You can check the mineral comparison chart below.
Cayenne pepper is significantly higher in vitamins A, E, K, B1, B2, B3, and B6.
Chili pepper is higher in vitamin C. It provides two times more vitamin C than cayenne pepper.
Cayenne pepper and chili pepper contain capsaicinoids, but capsaicin is the most abundant in peppers (3). It binds with pain receptors making them insensitive to any form of pain (4). You should consider that the desensitization effect is not permanent: according to a study, pain receptors were reversed three days after capsaicin consumption stopped (5).
Both cayenne pepper and chili pepper are rich in antioxidants. These are compounds fighting against oxidative stress, cancer, and inflammation.
Cayenne pepper is rich in flavonoids, antioxidants that may have anticancer effects and promote heart health (6) (7).
Chili pepper contains capsanthin - the primary carotenoid in them. It has powerful anti-cancer properties. It also provides ferulic acid, which may help protect against various diseases.
Fat Type Comparison
Comparison summary table
|Lower in Sugar|
|Lower in Sodium|
|Lower in Saturated Fat|
|Lower in price|
|Lower in Glycemic Index|
|Rich in minerals|
|Rich in vitamins|
|Lower in Cholesterol||Equal|
All nutrients comparison - raw data values
|Vitamin A RAE||48µg||2081µg|
Which food is preferable for your diet?
|Low Fats diet|
|Low Carbs diet|
|Low Calories diet|
|Low Glycemic Index diet|
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Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.
- Chili pepper - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170106/nutrients
- Cayenne pepper - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170932/nutrients
All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.