Almond vs. Walnut — Health Impact and Nutrition Comparison
Walnuts are richer in calories, fats, and vitamins, while almonds contain more protein, carbohydrates, and minerals. Some vitamins walnuts contain more of are vitamins B1, B6, and B9. Almonds, in turn, are higher in calcium, potassium, and phosphorus.
Almonds and walnuts have numerous beneficial effects on health, reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, dementia, liver disease, and cancer.
Table of contents
- Weight Loss & Diets
- Health Impact
- Health Benefits
- Cardiovascular Health
- Neurological Health
- Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
- Male Fertility
- Downsides and Risks
Nuts add extra nutrition, crunch, and flavor to any meal they are added to. In this article, we will be discussing two prominent members of the culinary nut group - walnuts and almonds, mainly by comparing their nutritional values and impacts on health.
From a botanical viewpoint, walnuts and almonds are not true nuts but stone fruits, also known as drupes. However, they are considered to be culinary nuts, as they are used as such in the kitchen.
Walnut is the seed of trees belonging to the Juglans genus and the Juglandaceae family. This family is also known as the walnut family and includes other trees, such as pecan and hickory.
Almonds, also known as Prunus dulcis or Prunus amygdalus, are the edible seeds of trees that are part of the Amygdalus subgenus in the Prunus genus and the Rosaceae family. This genus includes a wide variety of other stone fruits, including apricots, peaches, nectarines, plums, and cherries.
Taste and Use
The walnut seed has a mild earthy flavor, while its skin might taste bitter. Almonds also have a similar taste. However, the bitterness of almonds can be attributed to a compound found in them called amygdalin.
Like all nuts, peanuts and almonds can be used as snacks or as ingredients in various dishes, significantly improving the meal’s nutritional value.
Based on the variety and cultivar of these nuts, the general characteristics and nutritional values can slightly differ from each other.
When discussing walnuts, most people talk about the Persian or the English walnut, also known as the common walnut. Other less popularly used varieties include the black walnut, the Californian walnut, and the butternut.
The most commonly used varieties of almonds are Nonpareil, Sonora, Aldrich, Winters, and Carmel. The Nonpareil almond, living up to its name, is the most commercially used variety due to its thin shell that can be easily removed without impairing the seed within.
The nutritional values below are presented for raw almonds and English walnuts.
Macronutrients and Calories
Almonds are generally denser in nutrients as they contain only 50% water. At the same time, walnuts consist of 66% water.
The serving size of both of these nuts is equal to one ounce, weighing 28.35g. For almonds, this serving size makes for 23 whole kernels, while one ounce of walnuts is made up of 14 halves of the nut.
While walnuts and almonds are both very high in calories, walnuts contain 75 more calories per every 100g serving. One hundred-gram servings of walnuts and almonds contain 654 and 579 calories, respectively.
Nuts are a great source of high-quality protein. Both of these nuts contain large levels of all essential amino acids; however, almonds are higher in almost all of them except methionine. Almonds are significantly richer in proteins overall.
Walnuts, on the other hand, are higher in fats. One hundred-gram servings of walnuts and almonds contain 65g and 49g of fats, respectively.
While greater quantities of polyunsaturated and saturated fats can be found in walnuts, almonds contain appreciably more monounsaturated fats.
Unlike almonds, walnuts are an incredible source of omega-3 fatty acids, containing 9g of alpha-linolenic acid in every hundred-gram serving.
Walnuts and almonds, being plant-based products, contain no cholesterol.
Fat Type Comparison
Almonds contain almost double the number of carbohydrates when compared to walnuts. Subsequently, almonds are significantly richer in dietary fiber and sugars.
The carbohydrate breakdown of walnuts and almonds is similar. Sucrose is the predominant sugar found in both of these nuts. Other simple carbohydrates found in smaller quantities are glucose, fructose, and starch.
Additionally, almonds contain small amounts of maltose and galactose.
Carbohydrate type comparison
In general, walnuts have a more favorable vitamin profile.
Looking at the daily values of vitamins these nuts can provide, walnuts supply four times more Vitamin B6 and two times more vitamin B1 when compared to almonds. At the same time, almonds are significantly richer in Vitamin B2, containing almost eight times more of this vitamin. Vitamin B3 and vitamin E can also be found in almonds in larger amounts.
Walnuts are also notably higher in vitamin A, vitamin B5, and the folate form of vitamin B9. Moreover, walnuts contain vitamin C and vitamin K, which almonds lack entirely.
Walnuts and almonds do not contain vitamin B12 and vitamin D.
Almonds are the clear winner in this category, containing large amounts of calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and choline.
The calcium content found in almonds is almost three times higher when compared to the calcium content of walnuts.
Walnuts, on the other hand, are richer in copper, manganese, and selenium.
While both of these nuts are low in sodium, almonds have a smaller amount of it.
These two nuts contain similar levels of zinc.
Almonds and walnuts are high in dietary fiber, fats and relatively low in sugars. Because of this, the consumption of these nuts does not significantly alter blood glucose levels.
You can visit this page if you want more information about how almonds affect blood glucose, insulin levels, and more.
The pH value of raw English walnuts is equal to 5.42, making walnuts acidic (3).
Almonds, however, have a more neutral pH value of 7 (4).
We can also look at the acidity of these nuts by measuring the potential renal acid load or the PRAL value. This value portrays how much acid or base the given food produces inside the organism.
The PRAL values of walnuts and almonds are 5.6 and 2.3, respectively. This demonstrates that walnuts are more acid-producing.
Weight Loss & Diets
Like most nuts, almonds and walnuts are very high in calories. Nevertheless, these nuts can play an important role in a healthy diet, as they are rich in dietary fiber, protein, and healthy fats.
Almonds are the better choice between these two nuts for low-calorie, low-fat, high-protein, and high-fiber diets, while walnuts fit better into a low-carb diet.
Various studies have concluded that including walnuts or almonds in reduced-calorie diets leads to a more desirable and healthier weight loss compared to the same hypocaloric diets without these nuts (5, 6).
Regular consumption of nuts as a snack as a replacement for less healthful foods can also play a role in preventing obesity (7).
In this section, we will look into what beneficial effects these nutritionally dense foods can have on health.
In research, walnuts have been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by decreasing low-density lipoprotein (also known as “bad cholesterol”) and blood pressure, as well as decreasing oxidative stress and some markers of inflammation (8).
Daily consumption of fewer than two servings of almonds has been studied to prevent cardiovascular disease in the short term and potentially in the long term as well (9).
According to the PREDIMED trial, 30g of mixed nuts daily (walnuts, almonds, and hazelnuts) may significantly decrease the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death from heart diseases (10).
Nuts like almonds and walnuts are part of the DASH diet or Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. People with or without diabetes who follow the DASH diet may likely have improved blood pressure (11).
Higher walnut consumption has been correlated with a decreased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, especially in women (12, 13).
If walnuts prevent the development of diabetes, almonds seem to be more effective at preventing its complications. Increased almond intake has been studied to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in people with type 2 diabetes (14, 15).
Many varieties of nuts have been researched to reduce the risk of cancer by inhibiting cell multiplication and inducing the programmed death of cancer cells (16).
Due to several compounds found in walnuts, these nuts may potentially prevent or decrease the risk of breast, prostate, colon, and renal cancers (17).
Similarly, various studies show the potential of almonds to reduce the risk of breast, endometrial, pancreatic, colon, and colorectal cancers (18, 19, 20).
Nut consumption has been linked to reduced oxidative stress and inflammation (neuroinflammation), which are one of the main factors contributing to their beneficial effects on the brain.
Several human and animal studies conclude that walnuts may improve cognitive performance and memory. Walnuts may also decrease the risk or progression of mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, depression, and anxiety (21, 22, 23).
Almonds have also been linked to improved cognitive performance and memory; therefore, they may benefit Alzheimer's disease (22, 24, 25).
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) has used data from over 25000 US adults and concluded that 15 - 30g daily nut consumption might lower the prevalence of the most common liver disease - non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (26).
Walnut consumption has been studied to improve semen quality by improving sperm vitality, morphology, and motility. According to a study, walnut consumption may also increase the number of sperm (27, 28).
Limited data based on animal studies suggest almond and almond oil may improve sperm morphology and reduce abnormal morphology sperm percentage (29, 30).
Downsides and Risks
Tree nuts are one of the food allergens most often correlated with severe allergic reactions. While an allergy from peanuts is the most commonly occurring one, walnut and almond allergies, in rare cases, can also be life-threatening.
Symptoms of walnut and almond allergies are not different from other food allergies. These symptoms can include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, stomach cramps, oral allergy syndrome, and in rare cases, anaphylactic shock.
Almond allergy can present with cross-reactivity with walnuts (31).
Phytic acid is a compound that can be found in certain cereals, nuts, legumes, and oils. This substance binds to micronutrients, such as zinc and iron, preventing their absorption. Overusing foods high in phytic acid can lead to iron and zinc deficiencies, resulting in anemia, growth stagnation, and impaired immune functions.
Almonds tend to be higher in phytic acid when compared to walnuts (32).
Aflatoxins and Cancer Risk
Aflatoxins are a family of toxins that are carcinogenic for the liver tissue. These toxins are produced by fungi that can grow on diseased crops.
To avoid exposure to aflatoxins, discolored, moldy, and shriveled nuts should be discarded.
- Effects of Almond Seed Oil Extraction and Some Antioxidant Agents on Sperm Quality in Alloxan-Induced Diabetes Mellitus Rat
Comparison summary table
|Lower in Sugar|
|Rich in vitamins|
|Lower in Sodium|
|Lower in Saturated Fat|
|Lower in price|
|Lower in Cholesterol||Equal|
|Lower in Glycemic Index||Equal|
|Rich in minerals||Equal|
All nutrients comparison - raw data values
|Vitamin A RAE||0µg||1µg|
|Omega-6 - Eicosadienoic acid||0.002g||0g|
|Omega-6 - Linoleic acid||12.32g|
|Omega-3 - ALA||0.003g|
Which food is preferable for your diet?
|Low Fats diet|
|Low Carbs diet|
|Low Calories diet|
|Low Glycemic Index diet||Equal|
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Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.
- Almond - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170567/nutrients
- Walnut - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170187/nutrients
All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.