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Barley vs Arborio rice - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison

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What are the differences between Barley and Arborio rice?

  • Barley is richer than Arborio rice in Manganese, Selenium, Copper, Vitamin B1, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Iron, Zinc, Vitamin B2, and Vitamin B6.
  • Barley's daily need coverage for Manganese is 69% more.
  • Barley has 18 times more Vitamin B2 than Arborio rice. While Barley has 0.285mg of Vitamin B2, Arborio rice has only 0.016mg.

We used Barley, hulled and Rice, white, short-grain, enriched, cooked types in this article.

Infographic

Barley vs Arborio rice infographic
Infographic link

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Contains more Calcium +3200%
Contains more Iron +146.6%
Contains more Magnesium +1562.5%
Contains more Phosphorus +700%
Contains more Potassium +1638.5%
Contains more Zinc +592.5%
Contains more Copper +591.7%
Contains less Sodium -100%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 10% 135% 95% 114% 40% 2% 76% 166%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 1% 55% 6% 15% 3% 0% 11% 24%
Contains more Calcium +3200%
Contains more Iron +146.6%
Contains more Magnesium +1562.5%
Contains more Phosphorus +700%
Contains more Potassium +1638.5%
Contains more Zinc +592.5%
Contains more Copper +591.7%
Contains less Sodium -100%

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Barley
7
:
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +293.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +1681.3%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +208.4%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +439%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +40.8%
Contains more Folate +210.5%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 2% 12% 0% 0% 162% 66% 87% 17% 74% 15% 0% 6%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 0% 0% 0% 0% 41% 4% 28% 24% 14% 45% 0% 0%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +293.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +1681.3%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +208.4%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +439%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +40.8%
Contains more Folate +210.5%

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Barley Arborio rice
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Barley Arborio rice Opinion
Net carbs 56.18g 28.73g Barley
Protein 12.48g 2.36g Barley
Fats 2.3g 0.19g Barley
Carbs 73.48g 28.73g Barley
Calories 354kcal 130kcal Barley
Starch g g
Fructose g g
Sugar 0.8g g Arborio rice
Fiber 17.3g g Barley
Calcium 33mg 1mg Barley
Iron 3.6mg 1.46mg Barley
Magnesium 133mg 8mg Barley
Phosphorus 264mg 33mg Barley
Potassium 452mg 26mg Barley
Sodium 12mg 0mg Arborio rice
Zinc 2.77mg 0.4mg Barley
Copper 0.498mg 0.072mg Barley
Vitamin A 22IU 0IU Barley
Vitamin E 0.57mg mg Barley
Vitamin D 0IU 0IU
Vitamin D 0µg 0µg
Vitamin C 0mg 0mg
Vitamin B1 0.646mg 0.164mg Barley
Vitamin B2 0.285mg 0.016mg Barley
Vitamin B3 4.604mg 1.493mg Barley
Vitamin B5 0.282mg 0.397mg Arborio rice
Vitamin B6 0.318mg 0.059mg Barley
Folate 19µg 59µg Arborio rice
Vitamin B12 0µg 0µg
Vitamin K 2.2µg µg Barley
Tryptophan 0.208mg 0.027mg Barley
Threonine 0.424mg 0.084mg Barley
Isoleucine 0.456mg 0.102mg Barley
Leucine 0.848mg 0.195mg Barley
Lysine 0.465mg 0.085mg Barley
Methionine 0.24mg 0.056mg Barley
Phenylalanine 0.7mg 0.126mg Barley
Valine 0.612mg 0.144mg Barley
Histidine 0.281mg 0.056mg Barley
Cholesterol 0mg 0mg
Trans Fat g g
Saturated Fat 0.482g 0.051g Arborio rice
Monounsaturated Fat 0.295g 0.058g Barley
Polyunsaturated fat 1.108g 0.05g Barley

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Barley Arborio rice
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

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Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
36
Barley
13
Arborio rice
Mineral Summary Score
80
Barley
14
Arborio rice

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
75%
Barley
14%
Arborio rice
Carbohydrates
73%
Barley
29%
Arborio rice
Fats
11%
Barley
1%
Arborio rice

Comparison summary

Which food is richer in minerals?
Barley
Barley is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Barley
Barley is lower in glycemic index (difference - 41)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Barley
Barley is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food is lower in Sugar?
Arborio rice
Arborio rice is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.8g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Arborio rice
Arborio rice contains less Sodium (difference - 12mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Arborio rice
Arborio rice is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.431g)
Which food is cheaper?
Arborio rice
Arborio rice is cheaper (difference - $0.5)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Barley - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170283/nutrients
  2. Arborio rice - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168882/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.