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Cumin vs Paprika - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on June 02, 2022
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Cumin
vs
Paprika

Summary

Paprika provides more Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Vitamin B6, fiber, Vitamin B2, Vitamin K, and potassium. It is also lower in sodium.

On the other hand, cumin contains more iron, manganese, calcium, and magnesium. Cumin is also lower in sugars and saturated fat than paprika.

Introduction

This article will discuss the main differences in the nutrition of paprika and cumin, focusing on their health impact.

What's The Actual Difference?

Cumin and paprika have different colors and tastes. Firstly, paprika is a dried form of peppers, particularly bell peppers. Besides, the spice flavor can range from mild and sweet to extremely hot. Paprika spice has a mild and sweet flavor. Cumin spice is the dried seeds of the Cuminum herb. Cumin has an earthy, spicy, and slightly bitter flavor. Cumin is brown.

Nutrition

You can find nutritional infographics at the bottom of this page that visually show the differences between cumin and paprika spices.

Calories

Cumin has 375 calories per 100g, whereas paprika contains 282 calories per 100g. Both are considered low-calorie food; however, usually, spices are consumed in tiny amounts, so calories don't matter much.

Fats

Cumin has 22.27g of fats per 100g, whereas paprika provides 12.89g of fat.

Carbs

Cumin spice contains 44.24g of carbs per 100g, of which 10.5g is fiber, and the rest are net carbs.

Paprika contains only 53.99g of net carbs, of which 34.9g is fiber and 19.09g are net carbs. Paprika falls in the range of the top 7% of foods as a source of fiber.

Cholesterol

Both paprika and cumin have no cholesterol.

Minerals

Cumin has three times more calcium, two times more iron, and more magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, and copper.

Cumin fall in the range of the top 2% of foods as a source of iron.

However, paprika provides less sodium and more potassium than cumin.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Cumin
6
:
Contains more Calcium +306.6%
Contains more Iron +213.9%
Contains more Magnesium +105.6%
Contains more Phosphorus +58.9%
Contains more Zinc +10.9%
Contains more Copper +21.6%
Contains more Potassium +27.5%
Contains less Sodium -59.5%
Equal in Zinc - 4.33
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 280% 2489% 262% 214% 158% 22% 131% 289%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 69% 793% 128% 135% 202% 9% 119% 238%
Contains more Calcium +306.6%
Contains more Iron +213.9%
Contains more Magnesium +105.6%
Contains more Phosphorus +58.9%
Contains more Zinc +10.9%
Contains more Copper +21.6%
Contains more Potassium +27.5%
Contains less Sodium -59.5%
Equal in Zinc - 4.33

Vitamins

Paprika contains a significantly higher amount of Vitamin E, Vitamin A, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, folate, Vitamin B2, Vitamin K, and Vitamin B6.

The amount of Vitamin A is 37 times higher in paprika.

Cumin has more Vitamin C and Vitamin B1. Cumin falls in the top 14% of foods as a source of Vitamin B.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Cumin
2
:
Contains more Vitamin C +755.6%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +90.3%
Contains more Vitamin A +3778.3%
Contains more Vitamin E +773.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +276.1%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +119.7%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +392.2%
Contains more Folate +390%
Contains more Vitamin K +1387%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 77% 67% 0% 26% 157% 76% 86% 0% 101% 8% 0% 14%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 2956% 583% 0% 3% 83% 284% 189% 151% 495% 37% 0% 201%
Contains more Vitamin C +755.6%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +90.3%
Contains more Vitamin A +3778.3%
Contains more Vitamin E +773.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +276.1%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +119.7%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +392.2%
Contains more Folate +390%
Contains more Vitamin K +1387%

Glycemic Index

The estimated glycemic indexes of cumin and paprika are 0. Both are considered low GI foods.

Health Benefits

Diabetes

Several studies have found that cumin can aid in the reduction of blood glucose levels. In alloxan-induced diabetic rats, cumin supplementation resulted in a significant decrease in blood glucose and increased total hemoglobin and glycosylated hemoglobin [1].

Paprika contains capsaicin, a chemical compound first isolated from chili peppers. Capsaicin is used to treat psoriasis and diabetic neuropathy as a topical treatment [2].

Cardiovascular Health

Studies show that estrogens in the body may aid in lipid metabolism, protecting the heart from coronary heart disease. During menopause, estrogen levels drop significantly, making a woman more susceptible to heart disease. Cumin extract has hypolipidemic properties, which can help treat certain menopausal disorders [3].

Research indicates that capsaicin has antioxidant properties that can help reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease and improve immunity [2].

Anti-inflammatory Effects

Curcumin is a bioactive compound found in cumin. Curcumin is a potent antioxidant that also has anti-inflammatory properties. Curcumin has been shown in studies to inhibit free radical activity while increasing the activity of other antioxidants [4].

Downsides and Risks

Allergy

A compound known as profilin in cumin can cause an allergic reaction. Cumin allergy can also aggravate pollen allergies. Symptoms usually include itching and tingling in the mouth.

Paprika allergy symptoms are typically mild, but severe paprika allergies can result in anaphylaxis, so it is critical to be tested if you have a history of food allergies [5].

References

  1. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12220968/
  2. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29083760/
  3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18831331/
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5618098/
  5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30883393/
Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: June 02, 2022

Infographic

Cumin vs Paprika infographic
Infographic link

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Cumin Paprika
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in price ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Lower in glycemic index Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Cumin Paprika Opinion
Net carbs 33.74g 19.09g Cumin
Protein 17.81g 14.14g Cumin
Fats 22.27g 12.89g Cumin
Carbs 44.24g 53.99g Paprika
Calories 375kcal 282kcal Cumin
Starch g g
Fructose g 6.71g Paprika
Sugar 2.25g 10.34g Cumin
Fiber 10.5g 34.9g Paprika
Calcium 931mg 229mg Cumin
Iron 66.36mg 21.14mg Cumin
Magnesium 366mg 178mg Cumin
Phosphorus 499mg 314mg Cumin
Potassium 1788mg 2280mg Paprika
Sodium 168mg 68mg Paprika
Zinc 4.8mg 4.33mg Cumin
Copper 0.867mg 0.713mg Cumin
Vitamin A 1270IU 49254IU Paprika
Vitamin E 3.33mg 29.1mg Paprika
Vitamin D 0IU 0IU
Vitamin D 0µg 0µg
Vitamin C 7.7mg 0.9mg Cumin
Vitamin B1 0.628mg 0.33mg Cumin
Vitamin B2 0.327mg 1.23mg Paprika
Vitamin B3 4.579mg 10.06mg Paprika
Vitamin B5 mg 2.51mg Paprika
Vitamin B6 0.435mg 2.141mg Paprika
Folate 10µg 49µg Paprika
Vitamin B12 0µg 0µg
Vitamin K 5.4µg 80.3µg Paprika
Tryptophan mg 0.07mg Paprika
Threonine mg 0.49mg Paprika
Isoleucine mg 0.57mg Paprika
Leucine mg 0.92mg Paprika
Lysine mg 0.69mg Paprika
Methionine mg 0.2mg Paprika
Phenylalanine mg 0.61mg Paprika
Valine mg 0.75mg Paprika
Histidine mg 0.25mg Paprika
Cholesterol 0mg 0mg
Trans Fat g 0g Cumin
Saturated Fat 1.535g 2.14g Cumin
Monounsaturated Fat 14.04g 1.695g Cumin
Polyunsaturated fat 3.279g 7.766g Paprika

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Cumin Paprika
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low glycemic index diet Equal

People also compare

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
51
Cumin
415
Paprika
Mineral Summary Score
480
Cumin
211
Paprika

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
107%
Cumin
85%
Paprika
Carbohydrates
44%
Cumin
54%
Paprika
Fats
103%
Cumin
59%
Paprika

Comparison summary

Which food contains less Sodium?
Paprika
Paprika contains less Sodium (difference - 100mg)
Which food is cheaper?
Paprika
Paprika is cheaper (difference - $1.4)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Paprika
Paprika is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food is lower in Sugar?
Cumin
Cumin is lower in Sugar (difference - 8.09g)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Cumin
Cumin is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.605g)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Cumin
Cumin is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
?
The foods have equal glycemic indexes (0)

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Cumin - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170923/nutrients
  2. Paprika - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171329/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.