Milk vs Yogurt - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison
Milk is considered as the most common dairy product. All dairy products are obtained by various types of processing milk. It can be sold as powder milk or liquid milk. Three types of liquid milk can be found, full fat, low-fat milk, and no fat milk. The fat content of the milk is removed by processing it. Milk can also be found with different premixed flavors like chocolate, strawberry among others. Non-dairy types of milk are also available in the market, however, this article will discuss dairy milk in specific.
Yogurt comes after processing and fermenting milk. It can be further processed and mixed with fruits and sugar to become sweet yogurt or can be used directly after fermenting, to become a sour and salty yogurt. Yogurt has many uses in the culinary world as it can be consumed as it is, can be used as a component in cooking, can be used as a topping, or consumed as frozen yogurt.
In this article, we will be comparing the nutritional content of both yogurt and milk, the vitamin and mineral content, health impacts, and the variety of uses.
The milk taken into consideration is low-fat milk with added vitamins A and D, and the yogurt taken into consideration is low-fat yogurt; unless specified otherwise.
Nutritional content comparison
Milk and yogurt have similar glycemic indices, 36 and 38 respectively, meaning that both have a low glycemic index. They are slowly absorbed in the digestive system, which prevents spikes in insulin levels.
100g of milk contains 3.4g of proteins with 56g being the daily recommended value for the average sedentary person.
The main components of milk protein are casein and whey.
100 grams of yogurt contains 10g of proteins. When compared to milk, yogurt is richer in protein content. Similar to milk the components of yogurt protein are mostly casein (80% of the total protein).
Casein is a type of protein that constitutes nearly 80% of milk and yogurt protein composition. The benefits of casein are that they are slowly absorbed by the body and help in muscle repair and growth.
100g of milk has 5g of carbohydrates, from which 4g is lactose, and 1g is added sugars.
On the other hand, yogurt has 3.6g of carbohydrates. Relatively speaking, yogurt has a lower content of sugars, however, this difference is negligible and they are both ranked as low glycemic index foods.
Non-fat milk and yogurt have negligible to no amounts of fats in them. Milk has 1g per 100g and yogurt 0g per 100g. It is good to note here that the milk and yogurt taken into consideration in this article are low-fat milk and nonfat yogurt.
The cholesterol content of both is at 5mg per 100g which is negligible.
It is important to note that full-fat milk contains 3.5g of fat per 100g. Similarly, full-fat yogurt contains 3.3g of fat per 100g.
Vitamin content comparison
The milk that is usually found in the market is fortified with vitamins A and D.
Vitamin A content in milk is at 196 mcg per 100g. A cup of 250ml of milk would contain approximately 500mcg of vitamin A which is at 55% of the daily requirement for men and 70% daily requirement for women.
Vitamin D content in milk is at 1.2 mcg per 100g. So 250 ml of milk has 3mcg of vitamin D, which is by average 15% of the daily recommended value.
Vitamins B2 and B12 are also present in milk but not in remarkable values.
Yogurt contains vitamin B2 at 0.278mcg per 100g and the daily requirement of men is 1.3mcg and for women 1.1mcg. This makes it a good source of vitamin B2. Another vitamin found in yogurt which is relatively higher than the content found in milk is vitamin B12.
Mineral content comparison
Milk is considered to be one of the best sources of calcium. It also contains some amounts of phosphorus, potassium, and selenium but not at remarkable amounts.
Yogurt, on the other hand, is also considered to be a good source of calcium, both having high amounts of calcium, however, milk is richer in calcium. Yogurt is richer in phosphorus, selenium, and zinc. Generally speaking, they are not amounts that are very remarkable.
Milk and yogurt are rich in casein, which is a slowly absorbed protein in the digestive system. It helps maintain muscle mass, repair muscle, and induce muscle growth after weight training and different types of exercises. (1)
Yogurt consumption in babies, 4 months old and onwards, has shown positive effects like the following: (2)
- Inducing normal gut microflora
- Controlling infectious diarrhea
- Reducing the risks of eczema in babies
- Reducing food sensitivities
Milk consumption has shown improvement in weight control and additionally, it helps with weight loss while undergoing diets. (3)
Milk consumption reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes in patients prone to developing diabetes, in addition to that reducing risks of cardiovascular disease and stroke. (4)
Milk consumption has a positive effect on tooth mineral density, and help maintain healthy teeth. (5)
The intake of milk and yogurt in children and adolescents improved bone growth and bone formation during growth. (6)
Milk and yogurt, in addition to other dairy products, helps protect against: (7)
- Colorectal cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Breast cancer
- Gastric cancer
It is important to note that there are different types of both milk and yogurt.
For milk, there can be sweetened milk, condensed milk, chocolate milk among others. When consuming these variants of milk one must be careful of various contents which are added sugars, preservatives, added substances.
When it comes to yogurt, added components can be fruits, sugar, sweeteners. So the nutritional content data in these cases will be different than what is stated in this article.
Consuming milk or yogurt with a side of a fruit bowl or whole-grain cereal has optimal nutritive characteristics.
In addition to that, yogurt can be consumed with salt and vegetables like tzatziki, however, the sodium content has to be monitored.
In summary, non-fat yogurt is richer in proteins, vitamins B2 and B12, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, and lower in sugars. Low-fat milk is richer in vitamins A and D, calcium. They are both low in fat and cholesterol. They are categorized as foods with a low glycemic index.
Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores
Comparison summary table
|Lower in Sugars|
|Lower in Sodium|
|Lower in Saturated Fat|
|Lower in glycemic index|
|Lower in price|
|Lower in Cholesterol||Equal|
|Rich in minerals||Equal|
|Rich in vitamins||Equal|
Which food is preferable in case of diets?
|Low Calories diet|
|Low Fats diet|
|Low Carbs diet|
|Low glycemic index diet|
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All nutrients comparison - raw data values
|Folic acid (B9)||0||0|