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Mulberry vs. Grape — Health Impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Sveta Badalyan by Sveta Badalyan | Last updated on February 13, 2024
Medically reviewed by Elen Khachatrian Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Mulberry
vs
Grape

Summary

Mulberry is high in folate, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, choline, selenium, protein, fats, and dietary fiber. They also contain more vitamins C, E, B2, and B3. On the other hand, grapes have more net carbs and vitamins K, A, B1and B6. Moreover, grapes have less sodium, whereas mulberry has less saturated fats and calories.

Introduction

This article compares the nutritional profiles and health effects of mulberry and grape.

Mulberries (Morus) are native to Asia, Europe, Africa, and North America, whereas grapes (Vitis vinifera) are native to the Middle East.

Nutrition

In this part of the article, we will compare the nutritional values of raw mulberry and grapes, concentrating on differences.

Macronutrients and Calories

Grape is denser compared to mulberry. Grapes contain 81% water, whereas mulberry has 88% water

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
:
1
Grape
Contains more Protein +128.6%
Contains more Fats +11.4%
Contains more Other +21.1%
Contains more Carbs +75%
Equal in Water - 81.3
10% 88%
Protein: 1.44 g
Fats: 0.39 g
Carbs: 9.8 g
Water: 87.68 g
Other: 0.69 g
17% 81%
Protein: 0.63 g
Fats: 0.35 g
Carbs: 17.15 g
Water: 81.3 g
Other: 0.57 g
Contains more Protein +128.6%
Contains more Fats +11.4%
Contains more Other +21.1%
Contains more Carbs +75%
Equal in Water - 81.3

Calories

Grapes have more calories per hundred grams than mulberry. In a 100g serving, mulberry and grape have 43 calories and 67 calories, respectively. One cup (140 grams) of mulberry provides 60 kcal, whereas one cup (92 grams) of grape has 62 kcal.

Protein

Mulberry and grapes are not good sources of protein. Mulberry has a slightly higher protein content than grapes. In a 100g serving, mulberry and grape have 1.44g and 0.63g of protein, respectively.

Fats

Mulberry and grape contain less than 1g of fat in 100 grams. Mulberry provides 0.39g of fats, whereas grape provides only 0.35g. Moreover, mulberries contain more monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, whereas grapes provide more saturated fats.

Fat Type Comparison

Fat type breakdown side-by-side comparison
:
0
Grape
Contains less Saturated Fat -76.3%
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +192.9%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +102.9%
10% 15% 75%
Saturated Fat: 0.027 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.041 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.207 g
50% 6% 44%
Saturated Fat: 0.114 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.014 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.102 g
Contains less Saturated Fat -76.3%
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +192.9%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +102.9%

Carbohydrates

Grapes are higher in net carbs, whereas mulberry has more dietary fiber.

100g of mulberry contains 9.8g of carbohydrates, of which 1.7g are dietary fiber and 8.1g are net carbs. 100g of grape contains 17.15g of carbohydrates, of which 0.9g are dietary fiber and 16.25g are net carbs

Carbohydrate type comparison

Carbohydrate type breakdown side-by-side comparison
:
0
Grape

Cholesterol

Mulberry and grapes do not contain cholesterol.

Vitamins

Mulberry has over nine times more vitamin C, whereas the grape provides four times more vitamin A and two times more vitamin K

In a 100g serving, mulberry and grape have 36.5 mg and 4 mg of vitamin C, respectively. A hundred grams of mulberry has 25IU of vitamin A, while the grape has 100IU. Moreover, mulberry has more vitamins B2, B3, E, and folate, whereas grapes provide more vitamins B1 and B6.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
5
Grape
Contains more Vitamin E +357.9%
Contains more Vitamin C +810%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +77.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +106.7%
Contains more Folate +50%
Contains more Choline +119.6%
Contains more Vitamin A +300%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +217.2%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +120%
Contains more Vitamin K +87.2%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 2% 18% 0% 122% 8% 24% 12% 0% 12% 5% 0% 7% 20%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 6% 4% 0% 14% 24% 14% 6% 2% 26% 3% 0% 4% 37%
Contains more Vitamin E +357.9%
Contains more Vitamin C +810%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +77.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +106.7%
Contains more Folate +50%
Contains more Choline +119.6%
Contains more Vitamin A +300%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +217.2%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +120%
Contains more Vitamin K +87.2%

Minerals

Mulberry is the winner in this category. Mulberry has more calcium, iron, magnesium, copper, potassium, phosphorus, choline, selenium, and zinc. In contrast, the grape has over five times less sodium. In a 100g serving, mulberry and grape have 10mg and 2mg of sodium, respectively.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
2
Grape
Contains more Calcium +178.6%
Contains more Iron +537.9%
Contains more Magnesium +260%
Contains more Phosphorus +280%
Contains more Zinc +200%
Contains more Copper +50%
Contains more Selenium +500%
Contains less Sodium -80%
Equal in Potassium - 191
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 12% 70% 13% 17% 18% 2% 4% 20% 0% 4%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 5% 11% 4% 5% 17% 1% 2% 14% 94% 1%
Contains more Calcium +178.6%
Contains more Iron +537.9%
Contains more Magnesium +260%
Contains more Phosphorus +280%
Contains more Zinc +200%
Contains more Copper +50%
Contains more Selenium +500%
Contains less Sodium -80%
Equal in Potassium - 191

Glycemic Index

The grape has a higher glycemic index than mulberry. The glycemic index of mulberry is 25The grape has a glycemic index of 49. However, the glycemic index of both falls in the low category.

Glycemic Load

The glycemic load of mulberry is equal to 3, whereas the grape has a glycemic load level of 7. However, the glycemic load of both falls in the low category.

Acidity

The pH level of grapes is 2.8-3.82 (1). Mulberry has a pH value of 4.47-6.79 (2).

Another method for determining the acidity of a food is to measure its potential renal acid load (PRAL), which indicates the food's ability to create acids or bases in the body. Mulberry has a PRAL rating of -2.9, while grape's PRAL level is -3.6. Both are alkaline-forming.

Health Benefits

Antimicrobial Properties

Extract from mulberry leaves (MAE) exhibits anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties against risk factors associated with oral infectious diseases. MAE can inhibit the growth of bacteria in oral microbes F. nucleatum and S. mutans, known pathogens responsible for periodontal diseases and dental caries, respectively (3). 

Grape skin and seeds contain natural antioxidants which have antibacterial and antifungal properties. The study found antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterobacter aerogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, and Escherichia coli, all recognized for their role in foodborne illnesses, and antifungal activity against Penicillium chrysogenum, Penicillium expansum, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus versicolor (4).

Anti-obesity Properties

Combining mulberry leaf and fruit extracts may have anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effects by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation induced by obesity. The study found that mulberry fruit water extract may reduce body weight and visceral fat and lower serum triacylglycerol, cholesterol, LDL/HDL ratio, and free fatty acids. It helps regulate the balance between lipolysis and lipogenesis, leading to weight loss (5). 

Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) may enhance lipid metabolism, decrease fat accumulation, improve insulin resistance, promote triglyceride (TG) breakdown, enhance heat production in brown adipose tissue (BAT), modulate intestinal flora, decrease appetite, and optimize the peripheral clock, all of which contribute to either reducing obesity or preventing its progression (6).

Bones

Grape and mulberry are rich in bioactive compounds that could benefit your bone health. For example, consuming grape products might help your body use calcium better and inhibit bone turnover (7). 

Mulberry water extract (MWE) has the potential to regulate the formation of bone-building cells (osteoblasts) and the activity of bone-resorbing cells (osteoclasts), which could have a positive impact on osteoporosis (8).

Cancer

Extracts from mulberry alba have also exhibited anticancer effects in different human cancer cell lines. According to the study, Albanol B (ABN-B), a compound derived from mulberry alba, demonstrates anticancer properties in vitro and in vivo models of lung cancer by causing cell cycle arrest at G2/M and inducing apoptosis. In addition, the root bark extract of mulberry alba induces growth arrest and apoptosis in human colorectal cancer cells by enhancing ATF3 expression and reducing cyclin D1 levels (9, 10).

Consumption of foods rich in antioxidants, such as grapes, has cancer-prevention effects. Grape skin and seed extracts exhibit strong antioxidant properties, scavenging free radicals and inhibiting lipid oxidation in various models. These extracts may target cancer cells through different pathways, including EGFR and COX-2 inhibition, leading to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis (11).

Grape seed extract has antiangiogenic effects in human breast and prostate cancer cells (12).

Downsides and Risks

Allergy

An allergy occurs when the human body reacts to a foreign substance, known as an allergen, causing the immune system to overreact.

Allergic reactions to mulberry can manifest as food and respiratory allergies, often leading to symptoms like asthma, rhinitis, or anaphylaxis. These reactions also may include oral allergy syndrome, airborne contact urticaria, or food-induced urticaria. Mulberry pollen is a significant trigger for respiratory allergies in many areas, and there is a risk of cross-reactivity with other pollen or fruits. While studies have shown varied results regarding this cross-reactivity, it is essential to be aware of potential reactions in individuals allergic to birch, parietaria, or olive pollens who consume mulberry-containing foods or supplements (13).

Grape allergy is uncommon. Grape lipid transfer protein (LTP) is the primary grape allergen, although other minor allergens can also be allergic. Severe grape allergies typically occur in atopic individuals who may react to other plant-derived foods containing LTP (14).

Classification

Mulberry belongs to the family Moraceae and genus Morus. On the other hand, grapes belong to the family Vitaceae and genus Vitis.

Mulberries grow on trees, often in clusters along the branches. Grapes grow on vines that climb and spread along trellises or other supports.

Appearance

Mulberries are typically small, elongated fruits with a cylindrical or oval shape. They resemble blackberries in appearance. Grapes, on the other hand, are round or oval-shaped berries that grow in clusters on vines. Mulberries are generally smaller than grapes, though their size can vary depending on the variety and ripeness. Grapes come in different sizes, from small, pea-sized berries to larger ones, depending on the cultivar. Mulberries can vary in color depending on the variety, but they are commonly black, red, or white when ripe. Grapes come in different colors, including green, red, blue-purple, and black.

Mulberries have a softer texture compared to grapes. They are juicy and tender, with slightly chewy skin. Grapes have a firm skin that encases a juicy pulp.

Taste 

Depending on the variety, mulberries can range from slightly tangy to sweet. They may have subtle variations in flavor depending on factors such as ripeness and growing conditions. Overall, mulberries have a mildly tart and sweet flavor like other berries, such as raspberries and blackberries, with a hint of fig-like sweetness.

Grape tastes vary greatly depending on the varietal. They might be sweet, tart, or a mix of the two. Some grape types have distinct flavor characteristics, such as musky or flowery overtones, while others may have traces of citrus or berry flavors. Furthermore, grapes used for winemaking often have more complex flavor profiles, influenced by factors like terroir, grape variety, and winemaking techniques.

Uses

Mulberry finds its way into various culinary recipes. They are commonly enjoyed fresh as a snack or added to fruit salads for a burst of sweetness. In baking, you can use mulberries in pies, tarts, and cakes, infusing these treats with their delightful flavor. Dried mulberries are a nutritious alternative to baked goods, lending their unique taste to granola bars and muffins. You can also use them for making jams and jellies. Additionally, mulberries can be blended into smoothies or sauces, adding depth and sweetness.

You can use fresh grapes as a snack or dessert fruit. In addition, grapes make delightful additions to salads, meat marinades, and cheese platters, adding a sweet and refreshing contrast to savory dishes. Dried grapes, or raisins, are a pantry staple, lending their sweetness to baked goods like cookies and bread or enjoyed as a wholesome snack. Grapes are also juiced to make refreshing beverages, such as grape juice, or blended into smoothies. They play a central role in winemaking, where different grape varieties are cultivated, from robust reds to crisp whites and sparkling varieties.

Article author photo Sveta Badalyan
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Last updated: February 13, 2024
Medically reviewed by Elen Khachatrian

Infographic

Mulberry vs Grape infographic
Infographic link

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Mulberry Grape
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in Glycemic Index ok
Lower in price ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Mulberry Grape Opinion
Net carbs 8.1g 16.25g Grape
Protein 1.44g 0.63g Mulberry
Fats 0.39g 0.35g Mulberry
Carbs 9.8g 17.15g Grape
Calories 43kcal 67kcal Grape
Sugar 8.1g 16.25g Mulberry
Fiber 1.7g 0.9g Mulberry
Calcium 39mg 14mg Mulberry
Iron 1.85mg 0.29mg Mulberry
Magnesium 18mg 5mg Mulberry
Phosphorus 38mg 10mg Mulberry
Potassium 194mg 191mg Mulberry
Sodium 10mg 2mg Grape
Zinc 0.12mg 0.04mg Mulberry
Copper 0.06mg 0.04mg Mulberry
Manganese 0.718mg Grape
Selenium 0.6µg 0.1µg Mulberry
Vitamin A 25IU 100IU Grape
Vitamin A RAE 1µg 5µg Grape
Vitamin E 0.87mg 0.19mg Mulberry
Vitamin C 36.4mg 4mg Mulberry
Vitamin B1 0.029mg 0.092mg Grape
Vitamin B2 0.101mg 0.057mg Mulberry
Vitamin B3 0.62mg 0.3mg Mulberry
Vitamin B5 0.024mg Grape
Vitamin B6 0.05mg 0.11mg Grape
Folate 6µg 4µg Mulberry
Choline 12.3mg 5.6mg Mulberry
Vitamin K 7.8µg 14.6µg Grape
Tryptophan 0.003mg Grape
Threonine 0.017mg Grape
Isoleucine 0.005mg Grape
Leucine 0.013mg Grape
Lysine 0.014mg Grape
Methionine 0.021mg Grape
Phenylalanine 0.013mg Grape
Valine 0.017mg Grape
Histidine 0.023mg Grape
Saturated Fat 0.027g 0.114g Mulberry
Monounsaturated Fat 0.041g 0.014g Mulberry
Polyunsaturated fat 0.207g 0.102g Mulberry

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Mulberry Grape
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low Glycemic Index diet ok

People also compare

Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
17%
Mulberry
10%
Grape
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
16%
Mulberry
15%
Grape

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Mulberry
Mulberry is lower in Sugar (difference - 8.15g)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Mulberry
Mulberry is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.087g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Mulberry
Mulberry is lower in glycemic index (difference - 24)
Which food is cheaper?
Mulberry
Mulberry is cheaper (difference - $0.1)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Mulberry
Mulberry is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Sodium?
Grape
Grape contains less Sodium (difference - 8mg)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Mulberry - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169913/nutrients
  2. Grape - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/174682/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.