Foodstruct Nutrition Search | Diet Analysis | Food Comparison | Glycemic Index Chart | Insulin Index Chart | Blog | Subscribe | Sign Up

Cinnamon vs. Ground cloves — Health Impact and Nutrition Comparison

Compare
Article author photo Sveta Badalyan by Sveta Badalyan | Last updated on March 11, 2024
Medically reviewed by Elen Khachatrian Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Cinnamon
vs
Ground cloves

Summary

Cinnamon is higher in calcium, vitamins A and E, carbs, and oxalates. On the other hand, cloves are high in magnesium, potassium, manganese, choline, phosphorus, selenium, iron, protein, folate, and monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. It contains more vitamins E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, and B6. Moreover, cinnamon has less sodiumsaturated fats, and calories.

Introduction

Cinnamon and cloves are spices. They are not similar in taste or origin but complement each other well in many dishes.

Cinnamon is a spice made from the inner bark of trees belonging to the genus Cinnamomum. The two most commonly used types of cinnamon are Ceylon cinnamon and Cassia cinnamon. Ceylon cinnamon originates from Sri Lanka. Cassia cinnamon is native to China and in other areas of Asia, such as Indonesia and Vietnam.

Cloves are dried flower buds from the clove tree (Syzygium aromaticum), endemic to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia, popularly known as the Spice Islands. Other tropical locations where cloves are grown include Madagascar, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, and Vietnam.

Nutrition

In this section, we will compare the nutritional values of cinnamon and ground cloves, concentrating on differences. The information below is for a hundred grams of each food. 

The typical serving size for cinnamon and ground cloves is 0.25 teaspoons or 0.5 grams. Since the serving size is small, the amount of macronutrients, vitamins, and minerals in each serving is minimal.

Macronutrients and Calories

Cinnamon and ground cloves have similar densities, with cinnamon containing 10.5% water and cloves containing 10% water per 100 g. However, they differ in their macronutrient content. Ground cloves contain slightly more protein and higher amounts of fat than cinnamon, which has a higher carbohydrate content.

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Carbs +23%
Contains more Protein +49.6%
Contains more Fats +948.4%
Contains more Other +56.4%
Equal in Water - 9.87
4% 81% 11% 4%
Protein: 3.99 g
Fats: 1.24 g
Carbs: 80.59 g
Water: 10.58 g
Other: 3.6 g
6% 13% 66% 10% 6%
Protein: 5.97 g
Fats: 13 g
Carbs: 65.53 g
Water: 9.87 g
Other: 5.63 g
Contains more Carbs +23%
Contains more Protein +49.6%
Contains more Fats +948.4%
Contains more Other +56.4%
Equal in Water - 9.87

Calories

Compared to cinnamon, ground cloves have more calories per hundred grams. A hundred grams of cinnamon provides 247 calories, whereas ground cloves have 274 calories. One teaspoon of cinnamon has four kcal, whereas one teaspoon of ground cloves provides six kcal.

Protein

Ground cloves have more protein than cinnamon. A hundred grams of cinnamon has 4g of protein, whereas ground cloves have 6g. Ground cloves are high in all amino acids except for tryptophan.

Fats

Compared to cinnamon, ground cloves have over ten times more fat. A hundred grams of cinnamon has 1.3g of fat, while ground cloves provide 13g. Cinnamon has less saturated fat, whereas ground cloves are high in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat. In addition, ground cloves have 0.254g of trans fats per hundred grams, while cinnamon lacks it.

Fat Type Comparison

Fat type breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains less Saturated Fat -91.3%
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +466.3%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +5202.9%
52% 37% 10%
Saturated Fat: 0.345 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.246 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.068 g
44% 16% 40%
Saturated Fat: 3.952 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 1.393 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 3.606 g
Contains less Saturated Fat -91.3%
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +466.3%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +5202.9%

Carbohydrates

Cinnamon is high in total carb content. However, cinnamon has a higher dietary fiber content, whereas ground cloves are high in net carbs. A hundred grams of cinnamon contain 80.59g of carbs, whereas ground cloves provide 65.53g

In a 100g serving, cinnamon and ground cloves have 27.49g and 31.63g of net carbs, respectively.

In a 100g serving, cinnamon and ground cloves have 53.1g and 33.9g of dietary fiber, respectively.

Both contain equal amounts of sucrose, fructose, and glucose. Ground cloves also contain 0.15g of galactose, whereas cinnamon lacks it.

Carbohydrate type comparison

Carbohydrate type breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Galactose +∞%
Equal in Sucrose - 0.02
Equal in Glucose - 1.14
Equal in Fructose - 1.07
48% 51%
Starch: 0 g
Sucrose: 0.02 g
Glucose: 1.04 g
Fructose: 1.11 g
Lactose: 0 g
Maltose: 0 g
Galactose: 0 g
48% 45% 6%
Starch: 0 g
Sucrose: 0.02 g
Glucose: 1.14 g
Fructose: 1.07 g
Lactose: 0 g
Maltose: 0 g
Galactose: 0.15 g
Contains more Galactose +∞%
Equal in Sucrose - 0.02
Equal in Glucose - 1.14
Equal in Fructose - 1.07

Cholesterol

Cinnamon and ground cloves are cholesterol-free.

Vitamins

Cinnamon has over 1.8 times more vitamin A and 19 times more vitamin C. In a 100g serving, cinnamon and ground cloves have 3.8mg and 0.2 mg of vitamin C, respectively. Unlike it, ground cloves have over 3.8 times more vitamin E, four times more folate, and 4.5 times more vitamin K. Cloves also contain more vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, and B6.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
Contains more Vitamin A +84.4%
Contains more Vitamin C +1800%
Contains more Vitamin E +280.2%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +618.2%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +436.6%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +17.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +42.2%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +147.5%
Contains more Folate +316.7%
Contains more Choline +240%
Contains more Vitamin K +354.5%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 18% 47% 0% 13% 6% 10% 25% 22% 37% 5% 0% 6% 78%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 10% 177% 0% 1% 40% 51% 30% 31% 91% 19% 0% 21% 355%
Contains more Vitamin A +84.4%
Contains more Vitamin C +1800%
Contains more Vitamin E +280.2%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +618.2%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +436.6%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +17.1%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +42.2%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +147.5%
Contains more Folate +316.7%
Contains more Choline +240%
Contains more Vitamin K +354.5%

Minerals

Cinnamon provides over 1.5 times more calcium, whereas ground cloves contain over 2.5 times more potassium, 4.5 times more magnesium, and 3.5 times more manganese. Cloves are also high in iron, selenium, phosphorus, and choline. On the other hand, cinnamon provides over 28 times less sodium. In a 100g serving, cinnamon and ground cloves have 10 mg and 277 mg of sodium, respectively.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Contains more Calcium +58.5%
Contains less Sodium -96.4%
Contains more Iron +42.2%
Contains more Magnesium +331.7%
Contains more Phosphorus +62.5%
Contains more Potassium +136.7%
Contains more Zinc +26.8%
Contains more Manganese +244.3%
Contains more Selenium +132.3%
Equal in Copper - 0.368
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 301% 312% 43% 28% 39% 2% 50% 114% 2279% 17%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 190% 444% 185% 45% 90% 37% 64% 123% 7843% 40%
Contains more Calcium +58.5%
Contains less Sodium -96.4%
Contains more Iron +42.2%
Contains more Magnesium +331.7%
Contains more Phosphorus +62.5%
Contains more Potassium +136.7%
Contains more Zinc +26.8%
Contains more Manganese +244.3%
Contains more Selenium +132.3%
Equal in Copper - 0.368

Oxalate content

Both are high in oxalates. However, cinnamon has a higher oxalate content. A 100-gram serving of cinnamon contains 3460mg of oxalate, whereas the oxalate content of ground cloves is 3245mg. Because the serving size is small, each serving contains very few oxalate levels.

Acidity

The potential renal acid load (PRAL) level indicates the food's capacity to degrade into acids or bases within the body. Cinnamon has a PRAL level of -19.3, whereas the PRAL value of ground cloves is -29.6. Both are alkaline-forming. 

Health Benefits

Antioxidant Activities

Overall, cinnamon and cloves contain high levels of phenolics and have antioxidant properties (1). Among spices, clove has the highest concentration of antioxidant chemicals (2).

Neuroprotective Activities

Antioxidants play a crucial role in addressing memory deficits induced by oxidative stress. According to the study, clove oil may improve short and long-term memory and learning impairments caused by scopolamine through its antioxidant properties (2). 

Sodium benzoate (NaB), a metabolite of cinnamon, has neuroprotective properties. Studies suggest that NaB may reduce the production of proinflammatory chemicals in activated glial cells (3).

Antibacterial Activities

Several studies have indicated the potential effectiveness of cinnamon extracts and essential oils in combating oral cavity infections. Research revealed that cinnamon essential oil exhibited activity against Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus, which play roles in dental plaque formation and caries development. More recent investigations have explored the antibacterial properties of fresh leaf extract from Cinnamomum zeylanicum against Enterococcus faecalis (4).

Clove oil possesses various biological properties, including antibacterial, antifungal, and insecticidal activities. Furthermore, it serves as an antiseptic in treating oral infections. Studies have indicated that it may inhibit the growth of bacteria, molds, and yeasts (5). 

The research found that cinnamon and clove oil have antibacterial properties against wound pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella pneumoniae (6, 7). 

Anticancer Activities 

Cinnamon extract inhibits cancer cells by inducing apoptosis and blocking NFκB and AP1 (8).

β-Caryophyllene (CPO), a key component of cinnamon, has shown potential in altering cancer cell survival pathways. It has antiproliferative effects on prostate and breast cancer cells (9).

Eugenol found in cloves and cinnamon may repress the development of malignant melanoma growth, decrease tumor size, and inhibit melanoma invasion and metastasis (2, 10). 

The ethanol extract of clove (EEC) may increase cell growth inhibition in various human cancer cell lines encompassing breast, ovarian, cervical, liver, pancreatic, and colon cells (11).

Classification

Cinnamon belongs to the family Lauraceae and the genus Cinnamomum. Cloves belong to the family Myrtaceae and the genus Syzygium.

Appearance

Cinnamon is usually sold in thin, curled sticks (cinnamon sticks) or ground into a fine powder. Cloves are sold whole or ground into a powder. For a fresher flavor, you can grind whole spices (cinnamon and cloves) using a spice grinder or a mortar and pestle.

Whole cinnamon sticks are slender, curled, and reddish-brown. A cinnamon stick is typically about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 centimeters) long. In contrast, the cloves are around 1/2 to 3/4 inch (1 to 2 centimeters) in length. The sticks have a rough texture and have multiple layers of rolled bark

Whole cloves are small, dark brown, and nail-shaped. The texture of cloves has visible ridges and bumps.

Ground cinnamon is a powder with a rich reddish-brown hue. It has a smooth texture, though it may have a slight graininess. Ground cinnamon emits a strong, characteristic aroma. Ground cloves are a dark brown powder. Ground cloves release a potent, aromatic scent. They have a smooth texture, though some fibrous bits may be present.

Taste and Use

Cinnamon's flavor is warm, sweet, and somewhat spicy, with a tinge of woodiness. It has a soothing and fragrant quality.

Ground cloves are robust, spicy, and bitter, with a sweet and peppery undertone. They also have a characteristic warm, spicy scent.

Cinnamon goes nicely with different ingredients, including fruits, chocolate, nuts, and warm spices like nutmeg, cardamom, and cloves. Cloves work nicely with citrus fruits, apples, pumpkins, and ginger.

Cinnamon is a versatile spice employed in both savory and sweet dishes. It finds its way into delectable baked goods like cinnamon rolls and apple pies, adds depth to flavorful curries and stews, and imparts warmth to hot beverages like mulled cider and chai tea.

On the other hand, ground cloves are a staple in sweet recipes like gingerbread, pumpkin pie, cakes, and a range of spiced desserts. They also play a crucial role in savory dishes, enhancing marinades and enriching meat rubs.

Article author photo Sveta Badalyan
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Last updated: March 11, 2024
Medically reviewed by Elen Khachatrian

Infographic

Cinnamon vs Ground cloves infographic
Infographic link

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Cinnamon Ground cloves
Lower in Glycemic Index ok
Lower in price ok
Rich in minerals ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Cinnamon Ground cloves Opinion
Net carbs 27.49g 31.63g Ground cloves
Protein 3.99g 5.97g Ground cloves
Fats 1.24g 13g Ground cloves
Carbs 80.59g 65.53g Cinnamon
Calories 247kcal 274kcal Ground cloves
Fructose 1.11g 1.07g Cinnamon
Sugar 2.17g 2.38g Cinnamon
Fiber 53.1g 33.9g Cinnamon
Calcium 1002mg 632mg Cinnamon
Iron 8.32mg 11.83mg Ground cloves
Magnesium 60mg 259mg Ground cloves
Phosphorus 64mg 104mg Ground cloves
Potassium 431mg 1020mg Ground cloves
Sodium 10mg 277mg Cinnamon
Zinc 1.83mg 2.32mg Ground cloves
Copper 0.339mg 0.368mg Ground cloves
Manganese 17.466mg 60.127mg Ground cloves
Selenium 3.1µg 7.2µg Ground cloves
Vitamin A 295IU 160IU Cinnamon
Vitamin A RAE 15µg 8µg Cinnamon
Vitamin E 2.32mg 8.82mg Ground cloves
Vitamin C 3.8mg 0.2mg Cinnamon
Vitamin B1 0.022mg 0.158mg Ground cloves
Vitamin B2 0.041mg 0.22mg Ground cloves
Vitamin B3 1.332mg 1.56mg Ground cloves
Vitamin B5 0.358mg 0.509mg Ground cloves
Vitamin B6 0.158mg 0.391mg Ground cloves
Folate 6µg 25µg Ground cloves
Choline 11mg 37.4mg Ground cloves
Vitamin K 31.2µg 141.8µg Ground cloves
Tryptophan 0.049mg 0.03mg Cinnamon
Threonine 0.136mg 0.18mg Ground cloves
Isoleucine 0.146mg 0.24mg Ground cloves
Leucine 0.253mg 0.4mg Ground cloves
Lysine 0.243mg 0.37mg Ground cloves
Methionine 0.078mg 0.08mg Ground cloves
Phenylalanine 0.146mg 0.23mg Ground cloves
Valine 0.224mg 0.34mg Ground cloves
Histidine 0.117mg 0.13mg Ground cloves
Trans Fat 0g 0.254g Cinnamon
Saturated Fat 0.345g 3.952g Cinnamon
Omega-3 - EPA 0g 0.008g Ground cloves
Omega-3 - DPA 0g 0.184g Ground cloves
Monounsaturated Fat 0.246g 1.393g Ground cloves
Polyunsaturated fat 0.068g 3.606g Ground cloves
Omega-6 - Eicosadienoic acid 0g 0.017g Ground cloves
Omega-6 - Linoleic acid 2.557g Ground cloves
Omega-3 - ALA 0.011g 0.585g Ground cloves
Omega-6 - Dihomo-gamma-linoleic acid 0.008g Ground cloves

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Cinnamon Ground cloves
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low Glycemic Index diet ok

People also compare

Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
20%
Cinnamon
63%
Ground cloves
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
318%
Cinnamon
906%
Ground cloves

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Ground cloves
Ground cloves is lower in glycemic index (difference - 0)
Which food is cheaper?
Ground cloves
Ground cloves is cheaper (difference - $4)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Ground cloves
Ground cloves is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Ground cloves
Ground cloves is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food is lower in Sugar?
Cinnamon
Cinnamon is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.21g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Cinnamon
Cinnamon contains less Sodium (difference - 267mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Cinnamon
Cinnamon is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 3.607g)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Cinnamon - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171320/nutrients
  2. Ground cloves - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171321/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.