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Paprika vs. Bell pepper — Health Impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Jack  Yacoubian by Jack Yacoubian | Last updated on November 02, 2022
Medically reviewed by Igor Bussel Article author photo Igor Bussel
Paprika
vs
Bell pepper

Summary

Paprika is a dried form of peppers. It is richer in zinc, copper, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, iron, and B complex vitamins, E, A, and K. Whereas, bell peppers are richer in vitamin C and richer in fibers. Capsaicin in paprika has health benefits.

Introduction

In this article, we will be comparing the difference between a bell pepper and Paprika.

However, it is essential to know that paprika comes from bell pepper. Bell peppers are dried and ground turning them into Paprika.

This article needs to understand both these foods' nutritional and health impacts.

Nutritional content comparison

Since Paprika is derived from bell pepper, we can assume that whatever is present in 100g of bell pepper would be more concentrated in paprika. However, during this drying and processing, some nutritional aspects are lost.

The serving size of bell pepper is 119g, whereas, Paprika is 0.5g.

It is only reasonable to consider bell peppers at 100g and Paprika at 1 g to make the comparison reasonable.

Water content

94% of bell pepper has a much higher water distribution than paprika.

Carbs

Bell peppers contain higher amounts of carbs. 100g of bell peppers contain 4.64g of carbs. In comparison, 1g of paprika contains 0.54g of carbs.

Calories

They are both very low in calories. 100g of bell peppers contain 20 calories, and 1g of paprika contains less than one calorie.

Glycemic index

The glycemic index of paprika is 0. Bell pepper has a higher glycemic index.

Fiber

Bell pepper is richer in fibers; it contains 1.7g. In comparison, paprika contains 0.35g of fiber per 1g.

Protein and fat

The protein and fat content of both are negligible.

Minerals

In this section, we will consider equal amounts of each.

Paprika is richer in zinc, copper, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and iron.

The diagram below displays the distribution of minerals.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Contains more Calcium +2190%
Contains more Iron +6117.6%
Contains more Magnesium +1680%
Contains more Phosphorus +1470%
Contains more Potassium +1202.9%
Contains more Zinc +3230.8%
Contains more Copper +980.3%
Contains more Manganese +1203.3%
Contains more Selenium +∞%
Contains less Sodium -95.6%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 69% 793% 128% 135% 202% 9% 119% 238% 208% 35%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 3% 13% 8% 9% 16% 1% 4% 22% 16% 0%
Contains more Calcium +2190%
Contains more Iron +6117.6%
Contains more Magnesium +1680%
Contains more Phosphorus +1470%
Contains more Potassium +1202.9%
Contains more Zinc +3230.8%
Contains more Copper +980.3%
Contains more Manganese +1203.3%
Contains more Selenium +∞%
Contains less Sodium -95.6%

Vitamins

Similarly to the minerals, we will consider them equal to each in this section.

Paprika is richer in vitamin B complex, E, A, and K. Whereas; bell peppers are richer in vitamin C.

The diagram below displays the distribution of vitamins.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Paprika
10
:
Contains more Vitamin A +13211.9%
Contains more Vitamin E +7764.9%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +478.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +4292.9%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +1995.8%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +2435.4%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +855.8%
Contains more Folate +390%
Contains more Choline +836.4%
Contains more Vitamin K +985.1%
Contains more Vitamin C +8833.3%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 2956% 583% 0% 3% 83% 284% 189% 151% 495% 37% 0% 29% 201%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 23% 8% 0% 268% 15% 7% 9% 6% 52% 8% 0% 3% 19%
Contains more Vitamin A +13211.9%
Contains more Vitamin E +7764.9%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +478.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +4292.9%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +1995.8%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +2435.4%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +855.8%
Contains more Folate +390%
Contains more Choline +836.4%
Contains more Vitamin K +985.1%
Contains more Vitamin C +8833.3%

Health impacts

In the section on health impacts, we will focus on the different health impacts provided by each food and not their general health impacts.

Positive health impacts of bell pepper

Bell pepper is rich in vitamin C, which has numerous health benefits such as antioxidative action, improving immune response to fight off infections, and reducing the severity of allergic reactions. (1)

Positive health impacts of paprika

Paprika contains capsaicin which is the spicy flavor in Paprika. Capsaicin has analgesic properties that are used in musculoskeletal pain therapies. Capsaicin is also used as a topical treatment for psoriasis and diabetic neuropathy. (2) (3)

In addition, Paprika is packed with B complex vitamins, vitamins E, A, and K.

Conditionally a lot of Paprika has to be consumed to have the health effects of these vitamins. Since the serving size of Paprika is low, these vitamins will not impact overall health to a remarkable extent.

Article author photo Jack  Yacoubian
Education: Haigazian Medical University
Last updated: November 02, 2022
Medically reviewed by Igor Bussel

Infographic

Paprika vs Bell pepper infographic
Infographic link

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Protein +1544.2%
Contains more Fats +7482.4%
Contains more Carbs +1063.6%
Contains more Other +1659.1%
Contains more Water +735.3%
14% 13% 54% 11% 8%
Protein: 14.14 g
Fats: 12.89 g
Carbs: 53.99 g
Water: 11.24 g
Other: 7.74 g
5% 94%
Protein: 0.86 g
Fats: 0.17 g
Carbs: 4.64 g
Water: 93.89 g
Other: 0.44 g
Contains more Protein +1544.2%
Contains more Fats +7482.4%
Contains more Carbs +1063.6%
Contains more Other +1659.1%
Contains more Water +735.3%

Fat Type Comparison

Fat type breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +21087.5%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +12425.8%
Contains less Saturated Fat -97.3%
18% 15% 67%
Saturated Fat: 2.14 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 1.695 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 7.766 g
45% 6% 48%
Saturated Fat: 0.058 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.008 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.062 g
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +21087.5%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +12425.8%
Contains less Saturated Fat -97.3%

Carbohydrate type comparison

Carbohydrate type breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Sucrose +636.4%
Contains more Glucose +126.7%
Contains more Fructose +499.1%
Contains more Galactose +∞%
8% 25% 65% 2%
Starch: 0 g
Sucrose: 0.81 g
Glucose: 2.63 g
Fructose: 6.71 g
Lactose: 0 g
Maltose: 0 g
Galactose: 0.19 g
5% 49% 47%
Starch: 0 g
Sucrose: 0.11 g
Glucose: 1.16 g
Fructose: 1.12 g
Lactose: 0 g
Maltose: 0 g
Galactose: 0 g
Contains more Sucrose +636.4%
Contains more Glucose +126.7%
Contains more Fructose +499.1%
Contains more Galactose +∞%

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Paprika Bell pepper
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Glycemic Index ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Paprika Bell pepper Opinion
Net carbs 19.09g 2.94g Paprika
Protein 14.14g 0.86g Paprika
Fats 12.89g 0.17g Paprika
Carbs 53.99g 4.64g Paprika
Calories 282kcal 20kcal Paprika
Fructose 6.71g 1.12g Paprika
Sugar 10.34g 2.4g Bell pepper
Fiber 34.9g 1.7g Paprika
Calcium 229mg 10mg Paprika
Iron 21.14mg 0.34mg Paprika
Magnesium 178mg 10mg Paprika
Phosphorus 314mg 20mg Paprika
Potassium 2280mg 175mg Paprika
Sodium 68mg 3mg Bell pepper
Zinc 4.33mg 0.13mg Paprika
Copper 0.713mg 0.066mg Paprika
Manganese 1.59mg 0.122mg Paprika
Selenium 6.3µg 0µg Paprika
Vitamin A 49254IU 370IU Paprika
Vitamin A RAE 2463µg 18µg Paprika
Vitamin E 29.1mg 0.37mg Paprika
Vitamin C 0.9mg 80.4mg Bell pepper
Vitamin B1 0.33mg 0.057mg Paprika
Vitamin B2 1.23mg 0.028mg Paprika
Vitamin B3 10.06mg 0.48mg Paprika
Vitamin B5 2.51mg 0.099mg Paprika
Vitamin B6 2.141mg 0.224mg Paprika
Folate 49µg 10µg Paprika
Choline 51.5mg 5.5mg Paprika
Vitamin K 80.3µg 7.4µg Paprika
Tryptophan 0.07mg 0.012mg Paprika
Threonine 0.49mg 0.036mg Paprika
Isoleucine 0.57mg 0.024mg Paprika
Leucine 0.92mg 0.036mg Paprika
Lysine 0.69mg 0.039mg Paprika
Methionine 0.2mg 0.007mg Paprika
Phenylalanine 0.61mg 0.092mg Paprika
Valine 0.75mg 0.036mg Paprika
Histidine 0.25mg 0.01mg Paprika
Saturated Fat 2.14g 0.058g Bell pepper
Monounsaturated Fat 1.695g 0.008g Paprika
Polyunsaturated fat 7.766g 0.062g Paprika
Omega-3 - ALA 0.453g Paprika

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Paprika Bell pepper
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low Glycemic Index diet ok

People also compare

Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
385%
Paprika
32%
Bell pepper
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
193%
Paprika
9%
Bell pepper

Comparison summary

Which food is richer in minerals?
Paprika
Paprika is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Paprika
Paprika is lower in glycemic index (difference - 32)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Paprika
Paprika is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food is lower in Sugar?
Bell pepper
Bell pepper is lower in Sugar (difference - 7.94g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Bell pepper
Bell pepper contains less Sodium (difference - 65mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Bell pepper
Bell pepper is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 2.082g)
Which food is cheaper?
Bell pepper
Bell pepper is cheaper (difference - $2.3)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Paprika - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171329/nutrients
  2. Bell pepper - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170427/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.