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Lemon nutrition, glycemic index, calories, and serving size

Lemons, raw, without peel
*all the values are displayed for the amount of 100 grams

Lemon Glycemic index (GI)

N/A

Despite the sour taste, lemons contain 9g of carbohydrates in a 100g serving. Of this, a little over 50% is made up of dietary fiber.

A precise number has not yet been measured by researchers for the glycemic index of lemons. However, we can look at studies showing how lemon intake affects the blood glucose levels.

Multiple studies have shown that lowering a meal's pH with acidic supplements can slow down the breakdown of complex carbohydrates by inhibiting the enzyme found in the saliva, called alpha-amylase. Using lemon juice with starchy meals reduces its glycemic index (1 ,2).

A mix of Chilean wineberry and lemon juice also reduced the postprandial glycemic response after the intake of a high glycemic index meal (3).

Citrus fruits and the flavonoids found in them have also been researched to have properties that can help prevent and manage type 2 diabetes and its complications (4).

In summary, the glycemic index of lemons is unclear, but adding lemon juice to a starchy meal can be recommended to people with diabetes in order to ameliorate the glycemic response.

Sources.

  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00394-020-02228-x
  2. https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/use-glycemic-index-to-help-control-blood-sugar-201208135154
  3. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352364619300434
  4. https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/12/10/2907/pdf
Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Profession: Yerevan State Medical University
Last updated: March 21, 2021

Important nutritional characteristics for Lemon

Lemon
Glycemic index ⓘ Source:
N/A (-)
Serving Size ⓘ Serving sizes are taken from FDA's Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed (RACCs)
1 NLEA serving (58 grams)
Acidity (Based on PRAL) ⓘ PRAL (Potential renal acid load) is calculated using a formula. On the PRAL scale the higher the positive value, the more is the acidifying effect on the body. The lower the negative value, the higher the alkalinity of the food. 0 is neutral.
-2.3 (alkaline)
Calories
29
88% Vitamin C
72% Fiber
60% Cryptoxanthin, beta
54% Carotene, alpha
53% Calcium
Explanation: The given food contains more Vitamin C than 88% of foods. Note that this food itself is richer in Vitamin C than it is in any other nutrient. Similarly, it is relatively rich in Fiber, Cryptoxanthin, beta, Carotene, alpha, and Calcium.

Check out similar food or compare with current

Macronutrients chart

2% 10% 89%
Protein:
Daily Value: 2%
1.1 g of 50 g
2%
Fats:
Daily Value: 0%
0.3 g of 65 g
0%
Carbs:
Daily Value: 3%
9.32 g of 300 g
3%
Water:
Daily Value: 4%
88.98 g of 2,000 g
4%
Other:
0.3 g

NEW NUTRITION FACTS LABEL

Nutrition Facts
___servings per container
Serving Size ______________
Amount Per 100g
Calories 29
% Daily Value*
0%
Total Fat 0g
0%
Saturated Fat 0g
Trans Fat g
0%
Cholesterol 0mg
0%
Sodium 2mg
3%
Total Carbohydrate 9g
12%
Dietary Fiber 3g
Total Sugars g
Includes ? g Added Sugars
Protein 1g
Vitamin D 0mcg 0%

Calcium 26mg 3%

Iron 1mg 13%

Potassium 138mg 4%

*
The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Health checks

Low in Cholesterol
ok
details
Dietary cholesterol is not associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in healthy individuals. However, dietary cholesterol is common in foods that are high in harmful saturated fats.
Source
No Trans Fats
ok
details
Trans fat consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality by negatively affecting blood lipid levels.
Source
Low in Saturated Fats
ok
details
Saturated fat intake can raise total cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) levels, leading to an increased risk of atherosclerosis. Dietary guidelines recommend limiting saturated fats to under 10% of calories a day.
Source
Low in Sodium
ok
details
Increased sodium consumption leads to elevated blood pressure.
Source
Low in Sugars
ok
details
While the consumption of moderate amounts of added sugars is not detrimental to health, an excessive intake can increase the risk of obesity, and therefore, diabetes.
Source

Lemon nutrition infographic

Lemon nutrition infographic
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Mineral coverage chart

Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium Choline 8% 23% 6% 7% 13% 1% 2% 13% 4% 3% 3%
Calcium: 26 mg of 1,000 mg 3%
Iron: 0.6 mg of 8 mg 8%
Magnesium: 8 mg of 420 mg 2%
Phosphorus: 16 mg of 700 mg 2%
Potassium: 138 mg of 3,400 mg 4%
Sodium: 2 mg of 2,300 mg 0%
Zinc: 0.06 mg of 11 mg 1%
Copper: 0.037 mg of 1 mg 4%
Manganese: 0.03 mg of 2 mg 1%
Selenium: 0.4 µg of 55 µg 1%
Choline: 5.1 mg of 550 mg 1%

Mineral chart - relative view

Calcium
26 mg
TOP 47%
Manganese
0.03 mg
TOP 71%
Iron
0.6 mg
TOP 73%
Potassium
138 mg
TOP 74%
Copper
0.037 mg
TOP 86%
Magnesium
8 mg
TOP 87%
Phosphorus
16 mg
TOP 90%
Selenium
0.4 µg
TOP 91%
Choline
5.1 mg
TOP 92%
Zinc
0.06 mg
TOP 94%
Sodium
2 mg
TOP 96%

Vitamin coverage chart

Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 2% 3% 0% 177% 10% 5% 2% 12% 19% 9% 0% 0%
Vitamin A: 22 IU of 5,000 IU 0%
Vitamin E : 0.15 mg of 15 mg 1%
Vitamin D: 0 µg of 10 µg 0%
Vitamin C: 53 mg of 90 mg 59%
Vitamin B1: 0.04 mg of 1 mg 3%
Vitamin B2: 0.02 mg of 1 mg 2%
Vitamin B3: 0.1 mg of 16 mg 1%
Vitamin B5: 0.19 mg of 5 mg 4%
Vitamin B6: 0.08 mg of 1 mg 6%
Folate: 11 µg of 400 µg 3%
Vitamin B12: 0 µg of 2 µg 0%
Vitamin K: 0 µg of 120 µg 0%

Vitamin chart - relative view

Vitamin C
53 mg
TOP 12%
Vitamin A
22 IU
TOP 58%
Folate
11 µg
TOP 59%
Vitamin B6
0.08 mg
TOP 70%
Vitamin B1
0.04 mg
TOP 78%
Vitamin E
0.15 mg
TOP 81%
Vitamin B5
0.19 mg
TOP 82%
Vitamin B2
0.02 mg
TOP 92%
Vitamin B3
0.1 mg
TOP 92%
Vitamin K
0 µg
TOP 100%
Vitamin B12
0 µg
TOP 100%
Vitamin D
0 µg
TOP 100%

Fat type information

0.039% 0.011% 0.089%
Saturated Fat: 0.039 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.011 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.089 g

Fiber content ratio for Lemon

2.5% 2.8% 4.02%
Sugar: 2.5 g
Fiber: 2.8 g
Other: 4.02 g

All nutrients for Lemon per 100g

Nutrient DV% In TOP % of foods Value Comparison
Protein 3% 84% 1.1g 2.6 times less than Broccoli
Fats 0% 85% 0.3g 111 times less than Cheese
Carbs 3% 50% 9.32g 3 times less than Rice
Calories 1% 94% 29kcal 1.6 times less than Orange
Sugar 0% 57% 2.5g 3.6 times less than Coca-Cola
Fiber 11% 28% 2.8g 1.2 times more than Orange
Calcium 3% 47% 26mg 4.8 times less than Milk
Iron 8% 73% 0.6mg 4.3 times less than Beef
Magnesium 2% 87% 8mg 17.5 times less than Almond
Phosphorus 2% 90% 16mg 11.4 times less than Chicken meat
Potassium 4% 74% 138mg 1.1 times less than Cucumber
Sodium 0% 96% 2mg 245 times less than White Bread
Zinc 1% 94% 0.06mg 105.2 times less than Beef
Copper 4% 86% 0.04mg 3.8 times less than Shiitake
Vitamin E 1% 81% 0.15mg 9.7 times less than Kiwifruit
Vitamin D 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Vitamin C 59% 12% 53mg Equal to Lemon
Vitamin B1 3% 78% 0.04mg 6.7 times less than Pea
Vitamin B2 2% 92% 0.02mg 6.5 times less than Avocado
Vitamin B3 1% 92% 0.1mg 95.7 times less than Turkey meat
Vitamin B5 4% 82% 0.19mg 5.9 times less than Sunflower seed
Vitamin B6 6% 70% 0.08mg 1.5 times less than Oat
Folate 3% 59% 11µg 5.5 times less than Brussels sprout
Vitamin B12 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Vitamin K 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Cholesterol 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Trans Fat 0% 100% 0g N/A
Saturated Fat 0% 87% 0.04g 151.2 times less than Beef
Monounsaturated Fat 0% 92% 0.01g 890.8 times less than Avocado
Polyunsaturated fat 0% 86% 0.09g 530 times less than Walnut

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article and glycemic index text the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/167746/nutrients

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.
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