Banana vs Pomegranate - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison
Bananas are one of the fruits that are commonly used around the world. They are indigenous to India and Southeast Asia, but nowadays it is found in nearly every household worldwide. Its shelf life is not that long, approximately 5 days as it will start to overripe.
It has a wide range of usage, it is consumed raw, made into a smoothie, or even used as an ingredient for baking.
Bananas that are consumed nowadays are different than the ancestor banana plants. Bananas used to have seeds and come in much smaller sizes. In the first century a modification was done on the wild type bananas and from that point and on the domestic banana was spread.
Pomegranate is a famous food in the Mediterranean, Caucasian, and Asian cuisines and cultures. The pomegranate was one of the fruits that were mentioned in different ancient cultures. From the ancient Egyptian culture, the pomegranate was a symbol of prosperity and medically it was used to treat tapeworms.
In Armenia, it is considered as a cultural fruit and symbol, and is used to make wine.
Pomegranate can be consumed as juices or in its raw state. There are various types that taste differently, and range from the pale pink sweet grains to the bloody red sour or sweet ones.
In this article, we will be comparing the nutritional content of both banana and pomegranate, the vitamin and mineral content, health impacts, and the variety of uses.
Nutritional content comparison
Banana and pomegranate have different glycemic indices, however both are considered low glycemic index foods. The glycemic index of banana is 51, which is lower than 55, categorizing it as a lower glycemic index. On the other hand, the glycemic index of pomegranate is 18.
Bananas contain 1.1g of proteins in 100g. The average medium sized banana weighs around 120g which makes it’s protein content 1.32g.
The protein content of 100g of pomegranate is 1.7g. The serving size of pomegranate is approximately 180-200g which makes the protein content on average 3.1g.
Bananas contain lower amounts of fat compared to pomegranate; 0.3g for bananas and 1.2g for pomegranate respectively.
Even though there is a difference between them, the fat content of both can be neglected.
100g of bananas contain 23g of carbohydrates, an interesting aspect of this composition comes from the notion of the type of carbohydrate. In unripe bananas the carbohydrate content is mostly starch. However, as the banana ripens the carbohydrate content becomes sugar. The difference is important because in unripe bananas the starch is resistant to absorption in the digestive tract, thus it is called resistant starch. The resistant starch acts similarly to dietary fibers.
Pomegranates contain 19g of carbohydrates which is relatively lower than the carbohydrate content of bananas.
The dietary fiber of bananas is lower than that of pomegranates. Bananas contain 2.6g of dietary fibers, on the other hand, pomegranates contain 4g per 100g. The daily requirement is at 25-30g a day.
Vitamin content comparison
The major vitamin composition of banana per 100g is as following:
- Vitamin C: 8.7mg
- Vitamin B6: 0.367mg
- Vitamin A: 19.2mcg
The major vitamin composition of pomegranate per 100g is as following:
- Vitamin C: 10.2mg
- Vitamin K: 16.4mcg
- Vitamin E: 0.6mg
Vitamin C content
Bananas and pomegranates are rich in vitamin C, however, pomegranates contain much more vitamin C compared to bananas. The daily recommended value of vitamin C is between 65-90mg.
Mineral content comparison
Bananas are rich in potassium, magnesium, and manganese. On the other hand, pomegranate is mostly richer with copper and potassium.
The potassium content of bananas is higher than the pomegranates.
Bananas are an optimal source of energy pre, during, and post sports exercise, as it boosts energy and performance. In addition to that, bananas are the best alternative to chocolate or energy bars, as those contain refined sugars and additives. (1)
Pomegranates contain ellagic acid which has antioxidative properties and anti-aging properties. It helps rejuvenate the skin.
Bananas have antidiabetic properties. This is due to its activity over a compound that breaks down big sugar molecules into smaller ones in order to absorb them. Bananas have enzymes that stop this activity, thus keeping sugar molecules as undigested molecules and clearing them out. (2)
Pomegranates also have antidiabetic properties, however, it has a different mechanism than that of the bananas. They have hypoglycemic characteristics, which means they tend to lower blood sugar levels. (3)
Bananas contain lectins which have a distinctive role in cancer cell interventions. Banana lectins are effective in suppressing cancer cell proliferation. Which in turn also interferes in the reduction of cancer metastasis. (4)
Pomegranates are filled with antioxidant and anticarcinogenic components that suppress and reduce the risks of different types of cancer among: (5)
- Breast cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Liver cancer
- Skin cancer
Bananas cause increased amounts of mucus. On an empty stomach, eating a banana may cause acid reflux and indigestion.
On the other hand, for pomegranates, consuming the seeds in high amounts causes constipation and indigestion.
It is also recommended not to consume pomegranate while taking statins, cholesterol medication, as it might damage the kidneys causing rhabdomyolysis; breaking of the kidney muscles.
Variations and methods of consumption
Bananas and pomegranates have a wide range of consumption. They are found as dried fruits, juices, smoothies, etc.
Bananas can be used in baking. They are mostly used in vegan cuisine, where egg is replaced with banana in the ingredients specifically for baking, due to their similar consistency.
They are also used as smoothies mixed with different fruits and chocolate (cocoa powder).
Some asian cuisines, like the Indonesian and Malyisian cuisines, fry bananas and it is called pisang goreng.
Pomegranates also have a variety of usages. They are sometimes used as garnishes on different dishes.
A widely used juice is the pomegranate juice which is consumed all over the world. Pomegranate can be also made into molasses and wine.
When juices or smoothies are consumed one must be careful of the different aspects like sugar or added components. For example pomegranate juice is healthy, however, it is packed with sugars because more than 1 pomegranate is squeezed to make 1 cup of pomegranate juice. Consuming the juice, also means that the fiber content decreases as the seeds are removed during the juicing process.
For bananas that are consumed as smoothies, the whole banana is just blended so no nutritional content will be gone to waste. However, additional sugar must be taken into consideration.
Bananas are higher in carbohydrates and glycemic index, they are richer in potassium, magnesium and manganese, and contain vitamin C, B6 and A. Pomegranates have lower amounts of carbohydrates and a lower glycemic index, they are richer in copper, Vitamin C, K and K, and dietary fibers.
Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores
Comparison summary table
|Rich in minerals|
|Lower in Sugars|
|Lower in Sodium|
|Lower in Saturated Fat|
|Lower in glycemic index|
|Lower in price|
|Lower in Cholesterol||Equal|
|Rich in vitamins||Equal|
Which food is preferable in case of diets?
|Low Calories diet|
|Low Fats diet|
|Low Carbs diet|
|Low glycemic index diet|
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