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Kumquat vs. Loquat — Health Impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on October 23, 2022
Medically reviewed by Igor Bussel Article author photo Igor Bussel
Kumquat
vs
Loquat

Summary

Kumquat has more Vitamin C, fiber, iron, and Vitamin B2. It is also lower in net carbs. On the other hand, loquat has more Vitamin A, less sodium, saturated fat, and fewer sugars.

Introduction

We will discuss loquat and kumquat similarities and differences, focusing on nutrition and health impact.

What's The Actual Difference?

Loquat belongs to the Eriobotrya genus, a large evergreen shrub or tree grown for its orange fruit and leaves, which are used to make herbal tea. It is also grown as an ornamental plant.

Kumquats are a genus of small fruit-bearing trees in the Rutaceae and Citrus families. Kumquat means "golden orange" in Chinese. A kumquat is about the size of a grape and has a sweet-tart citrus flavor. Loquats are oval, with smooth or downy skin that is yellow or orange and sometimes red-blushed. The flavor of loquats is sweet and tropical, with a citrusy, slightly tangy undertone. It is a hybrid of apricot, a pineapple, and an apple.

Nutrition

Calories

Kumquat has almost two times more calories than loquat. It contains 71 calories per 100g, while loquat contains only 47 calories per 100g.

Vitamins

Kumquat contains more Vitamin B21, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin C, and Folate.

The amount of Vitamin C is 42 times higher in kumquat.

Also, it falls in the range of the top 13% of food as a source of Vitamin C.

On the other hand, loquat has higher Vitamin A and Vitamin B6.

Both have no Vitamin D, Vitamin K, and Vitamin B12.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Kumquat
10
:
2
Loquat
Contains more Vitamin C +4290%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +94.7%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +275%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +138.3%
Contains more Folate +21.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +426.9%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +177.8%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 18% 3% 0% 147% 10% 21% 9% 13% 9% 13% 0% 5% 0%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 92% 0% 0% 4% 5% 6% 4% 0% 24% 11% 0% 0% 0%
Contains more Vitamin C +4290%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +94.7%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +275%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +138.3%
Contains more Folate +21.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +426.9%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +177.8%

Minerals

Kumquat has a relatively higher amount of minerals than loquat. It has more magnesium, calcium, zinc, and iron.

On the other hand, a loquat has less sodium, also more phosphorus and potassium than a kumquat.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
5
Loquat
Contains more Calcium +287.5%
Contains more Iron +207.1%
Contains more Magnesium +53.8%
Contains more Zinc +240%
Contains more Copper +137.5%
Contains more Phosphorus +42.1%
Contains more Potassium +43%
Contains less Sodium -90%
Contains more Selenium +∞%
Equal in Manganese - 0.148
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 19% 33% 15% 9% 17% 2% 5% 32% 18% 0%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 5% 11% 10% 12% 24% 1% 2% 14% 20% 4%
Contains more Calcium +287.5%
Contains more Iron +207.1%
Contains more Magnesium +53.8%
Contains more Zinc +240%
Contains more Copper +137.5%
Contains more Phosphorus +42.1%
Contains more Potassium +43%
Contains less Sodium -90%
Contains more Selenium +∞%
Equal in Manganese - 0.148

Glycemic Index

The GI of kumquats is 0, and the glycemic index of loquat is unknown.

Fats

Both have fats of less than 1g.

Carbs

They both have low and high net carbs: 9.4 g of net carbs in kumquat and 10.44g in loquat.

Fiber

Kumquat has more fiber: 6.5g. Kumquat falls in the range of the top 15% of foods as a fiber source, containing 6.5g of fiber per 100g. Loquat has only 1.5g of fiber.

Cholesterol

Both loquat and loquat have no cholesterol.

Health Impact

Cancer

Some research suggests that extracts of loquat skin, leaves, and seeds have anticancer properties. One test-tube study [1] found that extract from loquat fruit skins significantly inhibited the growth and spread of human bladder cancer cells.

Kumquats contain many plant compounds like flavonoids, phytosterols, and essential oils. According to research, phloretin and acacetin, both found in kumquats, have anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties [2].

Diabetes

According to research, loquat has significant anti-diabetes potential. Recent research has shown that loquat leaf or seed extracts can help prevent and control type 1 and type 2 diabetes [3].

According to one animal study [4], kumquat extract may lower fasting blood sugar, total cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol, and triglycerides. However, more research is required.

One study [5] indicates that pectin, another antioxidant found in citrus fruits, has anti-diabetic effects, including improved glucose tolerance and blood lipid levels and reduced insulin resistance.

Side Effects

People can experience intense tingling and itching of the lips, tongue, and throat [6]. Those who are allergic to citrus fruits may also be sensitive to loquat and kumquat. Allergies to citrus fruit peels are frequently caused by limonene, a chemical found in citrus fruit peels.

Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: October 23, 2022
Medically reviewed by Igor Bussel

Infographic

Kumquat vs Loquat infographic
Infographic link

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
:
1
Loquat
Contains more Protein +337.2%
Contains more Fats +330%
Contains more Carbs +31%
Equal in Water - 86.73
Equal in Other - 0.5
2% 16% 81%
Protein: 1.88 g
Fats: 0.86 g
Carbs: 15.9 g
Water: 80.85 g
Other: 0.51 g
12% 87%
Protein: 0.43 g
Fats: 0.2 g
Carbs: 12.14 g
Water: 86.73 g
Other: 0.5 g
Contains more Protein +337.2%
Contains more Fats +330%
Contains more Carbs +31%
Equal in Water - 86.73
Equal in Other - 0.5

Fat Type Comparison

Fat type breakdown side-by-side comparison
:
1
Loquat
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +1825%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +87.9%
Contains less Saturated Fat -61.2%
24% 36% 40%
Saturated Fat: 0.103 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.154 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.171 g
29% 6% 65%
Saturated Fat: 0.04 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.008 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.091 g
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +1825%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +87.9%
Contains less Saturated Fat -61.2%

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Kumquat Loquat
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in Glycemic Index ok
Rich in vitamins ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Lower in price Equal
Rich in minerals Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Kumquat Loquat Opinion
Net carbs 9.4g 10.44g Loquat
Protein 1.88g 0.43g Kumquat
Fats 0.86g 0.2g Kumquat
Carbs 15.9g 12.14g Kumquat
Calories 71kcal 47kcal Kumquat
Sugar 9.36g Loquat
Fiber 6.5g 1.7g Kumquat
Calcium 62mg 16mg Kumquat
Iron 0.86mg 0.28mg Kumquat
Magnesium 20mg 13mg Kumquat
Phosphorus 19mg 27mg Loquat
Potassium 186mg 266mg Loquat
Sodium 10mg 1mg Loquat
Zinc 0.17mg 0.05mg Kumquat
Copper 0.095mg 0.04mg Kumquat
Manganese 0.135mg 0.148mg Loquat
Selenium 0µg 0.6µg Loquat
Vitamin A 290IU 1528IU Loquat
Vitamin A RAE 15µg 76µg Loquat
Vitamin E 0.15mg Kumquat
Vitamin C 43.9mg 1mg Kumquat
Vitamin B1 0.037mg 0.019mg Kumquat
Vitamin B2 0.09mg 0.024mg Kumquat
Vitamin B3 0.429mg 0.18mg Kumquat
Vitamin B5 0.208mg Kumquat
Vitamin B6 0.036mg 0.1mg Loquat
Folate 17µg 14µg Kumquat
Choline 8.4mg Kumquat
Tryptophan 0.005mg Loquat
Threonine 0.015mg Loquat
Isoleucine 0.015mg Loquat
Leucine 0.026mg Loquat
Lysine 0.023mg Loquat
Methionine 0.004mg Loquat
Phenylalanine 0.014mg Loquat
Valine 0.021mg Loquat
Histidine 0.007mg Loquat
Saturated Fat 0.103g 0.04g Loquat
Monounsaturated Fat 0.154g 0.008g Kumquat
Polyunsaturated fat 0.171g 0.091g Kumquat

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Kumquat Loquat
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low Glycemic Index diet ok

People also compare

Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
19%
Kumquat
11%
Loquat
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
14%
Kumquat
10%
Loquat

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Loquat
Loquat is lower in Sugar (difference - 9.36g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Loquat
Loquat contains less Sodium (difference - 9mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Loquat
Loquat is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.063g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Loquat
Loquat is lower in glycemic index (difference - 67)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
Kumquat
Kumquat is relatively richer in vitamins
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is cheaper?
?
The foods are relatively equal in price ($)
Which food is richer in minerals?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Kumquat - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168154/nutrients
  2. Loquat - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169908/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.