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Muenster cheese vs. Provolone — Health Impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on September 12, 2023
Medically reviewed by Jack Yacoubian Article author photo Jack  Yacoubian
Muenster cheese
vs
Provolone

Summary

Provolone cheese is richer in proteins, phosphorus, zinc, calcium, and vitamin B5.  In comparison, muenster is richer in vitamin D, and A. Muenster is lower in sodium and fats but higher in calories. 

Introduction

This article compares provolone cheese and muenster cheese. Our main comparison focus will be due to some general differences, nutritional content, and health impacts.

What's The Actual Difference?

Both provolone and muenster cheeses are smooth and commonly used, including. However, they have several differences that set them apart.

Provolone is Italian cheese. Muenster can be thought of as American cheese. Provolone is an aged pasta filata cheese that originated near Vesuvius in Casilli. It is still manufactured in cone, pear, and sausage shapes ranging from 4 to 6 inches.

Provolone has a light color and a slightly grainy texture.

On the other hand, muenster is a softer cheese with a pale color, but the rind is typically orange. It's soft and moist.

Nutrition

At the bottom of this page, you can find a nutrition infographic to help you better understand the differences in the nutrition of provolone and muenster.

Vitamins

Their vitamin profiles is nearly similar however, provolone is richer in vitamin B5 whereas, muenster is richer in vitamin D and Vitamin A. 

Muenster cheese falls in the range of the top 19% of foods as a Vitamin A source.

Both cheese types contain equal levels of Vitamin B2 and Vitamin B12.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
Contains more Vitamin A +15%
Contains more Vitamin E +13%
Contains more Vitamin D +20%
Contains more Folate +20%
Contains more Vitamin K +13.6%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +46.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +51.5%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +150.5%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +30.4%
Equal in Vitamin B2 - 0.321
Equal in Vitamin B12 - 1.46
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 61% 6% 18% 0% 4% 74% 2% 12% 13% 9% 184% 7%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 53% 5% 15% 0% 5% 75% 3% 29% 17% 8% 183% 6%
Contains more Vitamin A +15%
Contains more Vitamin E +13%
Contains more Vitamin D +20%
Contains more Folate +20%
Contains more Vitamin K +13.6%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +46.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +51.5%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +150.5%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +30.4%
Equal in Vitamin B2 - 0.321
Equal in Vitamin B12 - 1.46

Minerals

Provolone is richer in phosphorus, zinc, and calcium. However, provolone is higher in sodium.

Both fall in the range of the top 5% foods as calcium sources.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Contains less Sodium -28.3%
Contains more Copper +19.2%
Contains more Iron +26.8%
Contains more Zinc +14.9%
Contains more Manganese +25%
Equal in Calcium - 756
Equal in Magnesium - 28
Equal in Phosphorus - 496
Equal in Potassium - 138
Equal in Selenium - 14.5
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 216% 16% 20% 201% 12% 82% 77% 11% 2% 80%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 227% 20% 20% 213% 13% 115% 89% 9% 2% 80%
Contains less Sodium -28.3%
Contains more Copper +19.2%
Contains more Iron +26.8%
Contains more Zinc +14.9%
Contains more Manganese +25%
Equal in Calcium - 756
Equal in Magnesium - 28
Equal in Phosphorus - 496
Equal in Potassium - 138
Equal in Selenium - 14.5

Calories

Both provolone and muenster are considered high-calorie foods. Provolone has 351 calories per 100 g, and muenster contains 368 calories per 100 g.

Carbs

Both have tiny amounts of carbs. Provolone has 2.14g of carbs, and Muenster contains 1.12g of carbs per 100g.

Fats

Provolone contains more fats than muenster. It has 30g of fats per 100g, while the Muenster contains 26g of carbs. Accordingly, provolone has more saturated fat.

Cholesterol

Provolone provides more cholesterol than muenster. It has 96mg, while the muenster contains 68mg of cholesterol per 100g.

Protein

Both provolone and muenster have a decent amount of protein. Provolone has 25.58g of protein, while muenster contains 23.41g of protein per 100g. Provolone falls in the range of 12% of foods as a protein source.

Health Impact

Both cheese types are rich in calcium, which may reduce insulin resistance in dairy products. One study found that eating dairy products may reduce the risk of insulin resistance by 21% (1).

Downsides and Risks

Provolone and Muenster cheeses are high in fats, specifically saturated fats, which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease by raising blood lipid levels.

Furthermore, provolone cheese contains more sodium than muenster cheese, increasing the risk of hypertension and its complications (2).

Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: September 12, 2023
Medically reviewed by Jack Yacoubian

Infographic

Muenster cheese vs Provolone infographic
Infographic link

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Fats +12.8%
Contains more Carbs +91.1%
Contains more Other +28.7%
Equal in Protein - 25.58
Equal in Water - 40.95
23% 30% 42% 4%
Protein: 23.41 g
Fats: 30.04 g
Carbs: 1.12 g
Water: 41.77 g
Other: 3.66 g
26% 27% 2% 41% 5%
Protein: 25.58 g
Fats: 26.62 g
Carbs: 2.14 g
Water: 40.95 g
Other: 4.71 g
Contains more Fats +12.8%
Contains more Carbs +91.1%
Contains more Other +28.7%
Equal in Protein - 25.58
Equal in Water - 40.95

Fat Type Comparison

Fat type breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +17.8%
Contains less Saturated Fat -10.6%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +16.3%
67% 31% 2%
Saturated Fat: 19.113 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 8.711 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.661 g
68% 29% 3%
Saturated Fat: 17.078 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 7.393 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.769 g
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +17.8%
Contains less Saturated Fat -10.6%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +16.3%

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Muenster cheese Provolone
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Cholesterol ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Glycemic Index Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Muenster cheese Provolone Opinion
Net carbs 1.12g 2.14g Provolone
Protein 23.41g 25.58g Provolone
Fats 30.04g 26.62g Muenster cheese
Carbs 1.12g 2.14g Provolone
Calories 368kcal 351kcal Muenster cheese
Sugar 1.12g 0.56g Provolone
Calcium 717mg 756mg Provolone
Iron 0.41mg 0.52mg Provolone
Magnesium 27mg 28mg Provolone
Phosphorus 468mg 496mg Provolone
Potassium 134mg 138mg Provolone
Sodium 628mg 876mg Muenster cheese
Zinc 2.81mg 3.23mg Provolone
Copper 0.031mg 0.026mg Muenster cheese
Manganese 0.008mg 0.01mg Provolone
Selenium 14.5µg 14.5µg
Vitamin A 1012IU 880IU Muenster cheese
Vitamin A RAE 298µg 236µg Muenster cheese
Vitamin E 0.26mg 0.23mg Muenster cheese
Vitamin D 22IU 20IU Muenster cheese
Vitamin D 0.6µg 0.5µg Muenster cheese
Vitamin B1 0.013mg 0.019mg Provolone
Vitamin B2 0.32mg 0.321mg Provolone
Vitamin B3 0.103mg 0.156mg Provolone
Vitamin B5 0.19mg 0.476mg Provolone
Vitamin B6 0.056mg 0.073mg Provolone
Folate 12µg 10µg Muenster cheese
Vitamin B12 1.47µg 1.46µg Muenster cheese
Vitamin K 2.5µg 2.2µg Muenster cheese
Tryptophan 0.327mg 0.345mg Provolone
Threonine 0.888mg 0.982mg Provolone
Isoleucine 1.145mg 1.091mg Muenster cheese
Leucine 2.26mg 2.297mg Provolone
Lysine 2.139mg 2.646mg Provolone
Methionine 0.569mg 0.686mg Provolone
Phenylalanine 1.24mg 1.287mg Provolone
Valine 1.482mg 1.64mg Provolone
Histidine 0.829mg 1.115mg Provolone
Cholesterol 96mg 69mg Provolone
Saturated Fat 19.113g 17.078g Provolone
Monounsaturated Fat 8.711g 7.393g Muenster cheese
Polyunsaturated fat 0.661g 0.769g Provolone

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Muenster cheese Provolone
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low Glycemic Index diet Equal

People also compare

Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
32%
Muenster cheese
33%
Provolone
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
71%
Muenster cheese
78%
Provolone

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Provolone
Provolone is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.56g)
Which food is lower in Cholesterol?
Provolone
Provolone is lower in Cholesterol (difference - 27mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Provolone
Provolone is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 2.035g)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Provolone
Provolone is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Sodium?
Muenster cheese
Muenster cheese contains less Sodium (difference - 248mg)
Which food is cheaper?
Muenster cheese
Muenster cheese is cheaper (difference - $0.5)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
?
The foods have equal glycemic indexes (27)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Muenster cheese - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171245/nutrients
  2. Provolone - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170850/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.