Paratha vs Naan - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison
Paratha is richer in fiber and fats. Naan is higher in calcium, phosphorus, and B-complex vitamins. Paratha covers your daily need for Fiber 19% more than Naan. Naan can be a healthier alternative to flatbread for the nervous and cardiovascular systems.
This article summarizes the differences between two flatbreads of Indian cuisine - paratha and naan. Go through the sections of the article to learn about the nutritional and health impact differences between these bread types.
Paratha and naan are famous Indian breakfast flatbreads. These foods are made by using different preparation methods. Paratha is usually fried in tawa, getting rolled out multiple times during preparation. Naan is often done in a tandoor, pulled out of it, and brushed with butter.
Naan is like pita bread: it can be filled with meat, vegetables, and other ingredients, while paratha is usually consumed as a dessert bread, topped with butter and caramelized sugar.
Naan is higher in protein than paratha. It provides 10.2g of protein per 100g, compared to 6.4g of paratha.
Paratha is two times higher in fats than naan. It is higher in both saturated and unsaturated fats.
See the visual representation of fat composition on the chart shown below.
Fat Type Comparison
Naan contains more carbohydrates per 100g than paratha. Naan provides 46.2g of carbs, while the same amount of paratha has 45.4g. Both types of bread contain high amounts of starch. However, naan is richer in starch. Paratha contains more sugar. Hence, it can seem sweeter.
Fiber type in wheat-based products is usually soluble.
Paratha is two times higher in terms of fiber content. It provides 9.6g of dietary fiber per 100g compared to 4.8g in naan.
Naan is the winner in this section.
Naan is higher in all essential minerals compared to paratha. It contains more phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium than paratha.
Looking at the vitamin comparison chart shown below, we will see that naan is higher in vitamins. Naan is significantly higher in B-complex vitamins.
Naan and paratha are classified as high-calorie foods. Paratha is 40 calories higher per 100g.
The glycemic index is significant for managing diabetes. Paratha’s GI equals 53, and naan’s GI is 71. For more information, check our glycemic index chart.
Based on PRAL values, paratha (3.4) and naan(5.5) are acidic.
Naan bread, made from whole wheat flour, is rich in dietary fiber. It is linked with improved colon health and a lower risk of heart disease (1).
Being rich in B-complex vitamins, naan bread provides high amounts of vitamin B3, which is needed to prevent neurological conditions (2).
Carbohydrate type comparison
Comparison summary table
|Lower in Sodium|
|Lower in glycemic index|
|Lower in Sugar|
|Lower in Saturated Fat|
|Rich in minerals|
|Lower in Cholesterol||Equal|
|Lower in price||Equal|
|Rich in vitamins||Equal|
All nutrients comparison - raw data values
|Vitamin A RAE||2µg||2µg|
|Omega-6 - Eicosadienoic acid||0.002g|
|Omega-6 - Linoleic acid||2.386g|
|Omega-6 - Gamma-linoleic acid||0.006g|
|Omega-3 - ALA||0.064g|
|Omega-3 - Eicosatrienoic acid||0.003g|
Which food is preferable for your diet?
|Low Fats diet|
|Low Carbs diet|
|Low Calories diet|
|Low glycemic index diet|