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Provolone vs. Muenster cheese — Health Impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Elen Khachatrian by Elen Khachatrian | Last updated on September 12, 2023
Medically reviewed by Jack Yacoubian Article author photo Jack  Yacoubian
Provolone
vs
Muenster cheese

Summary

Provolone cheese is richer in proteins, phosphorus, zinc, calcium, and vitamin B5.  In comparison, muenster is richer in vitamin D, and A. Muenster is lower in sodium and fats but higher in calories. 

Introduction

This article compares provolone cheese and muenster cheese. Our main comparison focus will be due to some general differences, nutritional content, and health impacts.

What's The Actual Difference?

Both provolone and muenster cheeses are smooth and commonly used, including. However, they have several differences that set them apart.

Provolone is Italian cheese. Muenster can be thought of as American cheese. Provolone is an aged pasta filata cheese that originated near Vesuvius in Casilli. It is still manufactured in cone, pear, and sausage shapes ranging from 4 to 6 inches.

Provolone has a light color and a slightly grainy texture.

On the other hand, muenster is a softer cheese with a pale color, but the rind is typically orange. It's soft and moist.

Nutrition

At the bottom of this page, you can find a nutrition infographic to help you better understand the differences in the nutrition of provolone and muenster.

Vitamins

Their vitamin profiles is nearly similar however, provolone is richer in vitamin B5 whereas, muenster is richer in vitamin D and Vitamin A. 

Muenster cheese falls in the range of the top 19% of foods as a Vitamin A source.

Both cheese types contain equal levels of Vitamin B2 and Vitamin B12.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
:
Contains more Vitamin B1 +46.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +51.5%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +150.5%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +30.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +15%
Contains more Vitamin E +13%
Contains more Vitamin D +20%
Contains more Folate +20%
Contains more Vitamin K +13.6%
Equal in Vitamin B2 - 0.32
Equal in Vitamin B12 - 1.47
Equal in Choline - 15.4
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 53% 5% 15% 0% 5% 75% 3% 29% 17% 8% 183% 9% 6%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Choline Vitamin K 61% 6% 18% 0% 4% 74% 2% 12% 13% 9% 184% 9% 7%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +46.2%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +51.5%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +150.5%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +30.4%
Contains more Vitamin A +15%
Contains more Vitamin E +13%
Contains more Vitamin D +20%
Contains more Folate +20%
Contains more Vitamin K +13.6%
Equal in Vitamin B2 - 0.32
Equal in Vitamin B12 - 1.47
Equal in Choline - 15.4

Minerals

Provolone is richer in phosphorus, zinc, and calcium. However, provolone is higher in sodium.

Both fall in the range of the top 5% foods as calcium sources.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" charts below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food.
Contains more Iron +26.8%
Contains more Zinc +14.9%
Contains more Manganese +25%
Contains less Sodium -28.3%
Contains more Copper +19.2%
Equal in Calcium - 717
Equal in Magnesium - 27
Equal in Phosphorus - 468
Equal in Potassium - 134
Equal in Selenium - 14.5
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 227% 20% 20% 213% 13% 115% 89% 9% 2% 80%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium 216% 16% 20% 201% 12% 82% 77% 11% 2% 80%
Contains more Iron +26.8%
Contains more Zinc +14.9%
Contains more Manganese +25%
Contains less Sodium -28.3%
Contains more Copper +19.2%
Equal in Calcium - 717
Equal in Magnesium - 27
Equal in Phosphorus - 468
Equal in Potassium - 134
Equal in Selenium - 14.5

Calories

Both provolone and muenster are considered high-calorie foods. Provolone has 351 calories per 100 g, and muenster contains 368 calories per 100 g.

Carbs

Both have tiny amounts of carbs. Provolone has 2.14g of carbs, and Muenster contains 1.12g of carbs per 100g.

Fats

Provolone contains more fats than muenster. It has 30g of fats per 100g, while the Muenster contains 26g of carbs. Accordingly, provolone has more saturated fat.

Cholesterol

Provolone provides more cholesterol than muenster. It has 96mg, while the muenster contains 68mg of cholesterol per 100g.

Protein

Both provolone and muenster have a decent amount of protein. Provolone has 25.58g of protein, while muenster contains 23.41g of protein per 100g. Provolone falls in the range of 12% of foods as a protein source.

Health Impact

Both cheese types are rich in calcium, which may reduce insulin resistance in dairy products. One study found that eating dairy products may reduce the risk of insulin resistance by 21% (1).

Downsides and Risks

Provolone and Muenster cheeses are high in fats, specifically saturated fats, which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease by raising blood lipid levels.

Furthermore, provolone cheese contains more sodium than muenster cheese, increasing the risk of hypertension and its complications (2).

Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Education: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: September 12, 2023
Medically reviewed by Jack Yacoubian

Infographic

Provolone vs Muenster cheese infographic
Infographic link

Macronutrient Comparison

Macronutrient breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains more Carbs +91.1%
Contains more Other +28.7%
Contains more Fats +12.8%
Equal in Protein - 23.41
Equal in Water - 41.77
26% 27% 2% 41% 5%
Protein: 25.58 g
Fats: 26.62 g
Carbs: 2.14 g
Water: 40.95 g
Other: 4.71 g
23% 30% 42% 4%
Protein: 23.41 g
Fats: 30.04 g
Carbs: 1.12 g
Water: 41.77 g
Other: 3.66 g
Contains more Carbs +91.1%
Contains more Other +28.7%
Contains more Fats +12.8%
Equal in Protein - 23.41
Equal in Water - 41.77

Fat Type Comparison

Fat type breakdown side-by-side comparison
Contains less Saturated Fat -10.6%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +16.3%
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +17.8%
68% 29% 3%
Saturated Fat: 17.078 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 7.393 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.769 g
67% 31% 2%
Saturated Fat: 19.113 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 8.711 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.661 g
Contains less Saturated Fat -10.6%
Contains more Polyunsaturated fat +16.3%
Contains more Monounsaturated Fat +17.8%

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the rightmost column. It displays the amounts side by side, giving a clearer understanding of the difference.
Provolone Muenster cheese
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Cholesterol ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Glycemic Index Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Provolone Muenster cheese Opinion
Net carbs 2.14g 1.12g Provolone
Protein 25.58g 23.41g Provolone
Fats 26.62g 30.04g Muenster cheese
Carbs 2.14g 1.12g Provolone
Calories 351kcal 368kcal Muenster cheese
Sugar 0.56g 1.12g Provolone
Calcium 756mg 717mg Provolone
Iron 0.52mg 0.41mg Provolone
Magnesium 28mg 27mg Provolone
Phosphorus 496mg 468mg Provolone
Potassium 138mg 134mg Provolone
Sodium 876mg 628mg Muenster cheese
Zinc 3.23mg 2.81mg Provolone
Copper 0.026mg 0.031mg Muenster cheese
Manganese 0.01mg 0.008mg Provolone
Selenium 14.5µg 14.5µg
Vitamin A 880IU 1012IU Muenster cheese
Vitamin A RAE 236µg 298µg Muenster cheese
Vitamin E 0.23mg 0.26mg Muenster cheese
Vitamin D 20IU 22IU Muenster cheese
Vitamin D 0.5µg 0.6µg Muenster cheese
Vitamin B1 0.019mg 0.013mg Provolone
Vitamin B2 0.321mg 0.32mg Provolone
Vitamin B3 0.156mg 0.103mg Provolone
Vitamin B5 0.476mg 0.19mg Provolone
Vitamin B6 0.073mg 0.056mg Provolone
Folate 10µg 12µg Muenster cheese
Vitamin B12 1.46µg 1.47µg Muenster cheese
Choline 15.4mg 15.4mg
Vitamin K 2.2µg 2.5µg Muenster cheese
Tryptophan 0.345mg 0.327mg Provolone
Threonine 0.982mg 0.888mg Provolone
Isoleucine 1.091mg 1.145mg Muenster cheese
Leucine 2.297mg 2.26mg Provolone
Lysine 2.646mg 2.139mg Provolone
Methionine 0.686mg 0.569mg Provolone
Phenylalanine 1.287mg 1.24mg Provolone
Valine 1.64mg 1.482mg Provolone
Histidine 1.115mg 0.829mg Provolone
Cholesterol 69mg 96mg Provolone
Saturated Fat 17.078g 19.113g Provolone
Monounsaturated Fat 7.393g 8.711g Muenster cheese
Polyunsaturated fat 0.769g 0.661g Provolone

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Provolone Muenster cheese
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low Glycemic Index diet Equal

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Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score

The summary scores indicate the extent to which this food can fulfill your daily vitamin and mineral requirements if you consume 3 servings, consisting of 100 grams of each (an approximation of 3 serving sizes).
Vitamins Daily Need Coverage Score
31%
Provolone
30%
Muenster cheese
Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
78%
Provolone
71%
Muenster cheese

Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Provolone
Provolone is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.56g)
Which food is lower in Cholesterol?
Provolone
Provolone is lower in Cholesterol (difference - 27mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Provolone
Provolone is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 2.035g)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Provolone
Provolone is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Sodium?
Muenster cheese
Muenster cheese contains less Sodium (difference - 248mg)
Which food is cheaper?
Muenster cheese
Muenster cheese is cheaper (difference - $0.5)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
?
The foods have equal glycemic indexes (27)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

All the values for which the sources are not specified explicitly are taken from FDA’s Food Central. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Provolone - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170850/nutrients
  2. Muenster cheese - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171245/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.