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Radish vs Daikon - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Radish
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Daikon

Introduction

Daikon and radish are widely used in cooking, but people often confuse these two vegetables. We are going to identify their differences by focusing on their nutritional value. The main difference between daikon and radish is that daikon is a winter radish and it looks more like a long, white carrot. Besides, daikons are sweeter, juicier, and less spicy than radishes.

Varieties

Daikon is also known as mooli and belongs to the Raphanus genus. It is a winter radish that is usually characterized by long white roots and fast-growing leaves. There are many different types of daikon of which the most common types are Watermelon Radish, French Breakfast Radish, and Daikon White Radish.
Radish also belongs to the Raphanus genus, it is an edible root vegetable of the family Brassicaceae that is consumed throughout the world. The most common varieties of radish are Watermelon Radish and Pink Radish.

Taste and Use

Overall, radishes have a peppery flavor, sometimes the taste tends to be milder depending on how long they were left in the earth to grow. Radishes are often eaten raw, or they can be added as a flavor in a salad or can be cooked. Daikon radishes are sweeter than radishes. They can be eaten raw or cooked. The greens from daikon are also edible.

Nutrition

In this section, we will look into the specific difference between the nutrients of daikons and radishes. At the bottom of this page, you can find nutrition infographics that visually show the differences between this vegetables․

Micronutrients

Both daikon and radish contain 95% water.
The content of micronutrients in these vegetables is almost equal. However, radishes have more protein, whereas daikons have more carbs. The levels of fiber and monounsaturated fats are equal in both daikons and radishes. These vegetables lack trans fats.

Vitamins

Both daikon and radishes contain almost an equal amount of vitamins. However, daikons are richer in Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, and Folate. On the other hand, radishes contain 3 times more Vitamin K, more Vitamin B6, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B2, and also more Vitamin A. Vitamin K. These plants have no Vitamin D, Vitamin E, and Vitamin B12.

Minerals

In general, daikons are relatively higher in minerals than radishes. Daikons have more iron, magnesium, copper, phosphorus, and less sodium, whereas radishes contain more zinc. Both vegetables contain equal levels of calcium and potassium.

Glycemic Index

Both radishes and daikons are considered low glycemic index products. Moreover, both vegetables have an equal GI. The GI of raw daikons and radishes is 32.

Acidity

The average PH value of radishes falls in the range of 6.0-7.0, whereas the PH value of daikon is equal to 7.5. Daikon is more alkaline than radish. Another way to assess the acidity of foods is the potential renal acid load. The PRAL value of food shows how much acid or alkali a given food produces when broken down in the body. The PRAL values of daikon and radish are -4.4. This indicates that these vegetables in the body are more alkaline.

Calories

The number of calories of these vegetables is almost equal. Daikon has 18 calories per 100 g, and radish has 16 calories per 100 g. Both are low-calorie food and are good for your healthy diet.

Health Impact

The nutritional values are presented for raw daikons and raw radishes. At the bottom of this page, you can find nutrition infographics of these vegetables.

Cardiovascular Health

Daikon and radish are highly nutritious vegetables, rich in powerful plant compounds, vitamins, minerals, and fiber, which together protect your body from disease. In fact, vegetable consumption has been linked to a lower risk of heart and other chronic diseases.
Radishes are great sources of antioxidants and minerals like calcium and potassium, which may help to lower high blood pressure and lower the risk of heart disease. These vegetables are also rich in natural nitrates that improve blood flow [1].

Diabetes

Radishes are low-calorie, high-fiber vegetables, they contain chemical compounds such as glucosinolate and isothiocyanate that help regulate blood sugar levels. Eating radishes also increases the body's natural production of adiponectin. Higher levels of this hormone can help protect against insulin resistance. Radishes also contain coenzyme Q10, an antioxidant that helps block the formation of diabetes [2].

Weight Loss and Diets

Eating low-calorie, high-fiber foods can help you maintain a healthy weight or lose weight. Radishes and daikons have almost a similar number of calories.
They both are considered non-starchy vegetables, which means they are very low in carbs. According to studies, eating non-starchy vegetables can promote a healthy body weight [3].

Cancer

Eating cruciferous vegetables such as radishes can help prevent cancer. Both radishes and daikons contain phytochemicals and anthocyanins, which have anti-carcinogenic properties. They are rich in sulforaphane, which research has shown is effective in fighting breast, colon, prostate, and ovarian cancers. Moreover, vitamin C acts as a powerful antioxidant, preventing free radicals from damaging DNA inside cells, thereby helping to prevent cancer. According to the study, radish root extract contains several types of isothiocyanates that cause cell death in some cancer cell lines [4].

Boost Immune System

Vitamin C can boost immune defenses by supporting various cellular functions. 100 grams of daikon contains 22 mg of vitamin C, which is 30% of the recommended daily intake. Vitamin C is mainly concentrated in plant leaves, in fact, daikon leaves are richer in vitamin C than oranges. Raw daikon juice can help dissolve mucus and phlegm and promote healthy respiratory function [5].

Detoxification

The natural diuretic property of radishes makes them extremely beneficial for kidney health. They help flush out toxins from the body and act as a natural cleanser, preventing the buildup of waste products in the kidneys.

Daikon glucosinolates are effective in enhancing detoxification enzymes and therefore may have significant chemopreventive activity [6].

Side Effects

Daikons and radishes are presumed to be relatively safe vegetables, however might not be suitable for those suffering from gallstones. Both are goitrogenic foods. People with impaired thyroid function can minimize the risk of negative effects by cooking them and increasing their selenium intake [7].

Summary

Overall, radishes are rich in several minerals, vitamins, protein, polyunsaturated fat, and have fewer sugars than daikons. On the other hand, daikons contain more carbs, lower in calories, saturated fats, and sodium than radishes.

References

  1. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21593509/
  2. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28906451/
  3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27174619/
  4. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11130-010-0178-0
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3471002/
  6. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00394-012-0397-2
  7. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13596-015-0183-9
Article author photo Elen Khachatrian
Profession: Nutrition & Microbiology at YSU
Last updated: July 19, 2021

Infographic

Radish vs Daikon infographic
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Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Radish
2
:
6
Daikon
Contains more Zinc +86.7%
Contains more Iron +17.6%
Contains more Magnesium +60%
Contains more Copper +130%
Contains more Phosphorus +15%
Contains less Sodium -46.2%
Equal in Calcium - 27
Equal in Potassium - 227
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 13% 8% 21% 8% 17% 8% 9% 6%
Iron Calcium Potassium Magnesium Copper Zinc Phosphorus Sodium 15% 9% 21% 12% 39% 5% 10% 3%
Contains more Zinc +86.7%
Contains more Iron +17.6%
Contains more Magnesium +60%
Contains more Copper +130%
Contains more Phosphorus +15%
Contains less Sodium -46.2%
Equal in Calcium - 27
Equal in Potassium - 227

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Radish
6
:
3
Daikon
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +95%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +27%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +19.6%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +54.3%
Contains more Vitamin K +333.3%
Contains more Vitamin C +48.6%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +66.7%
Contains more Folate +12%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 50% 1% 0% 0% 3% 9% 5% 10% 17% 0% 4% 19%
Vitamin C Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B12 Vitamin K Folate 74% 0% 0% 0% 5% 5% 4% 9% 11% 0% 1% 22%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +95%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +27%
Contains more Vitamin B5 +19.6%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +54.3%
Contains more Vitamin K +333.3%
Contains more Vitamin C +48.6%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +66.7%
Contains more Folate +12%

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
10
Radish
11
Daikon
Mineral Summary Score
11
Radish
14
Daikon

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
4%
Radish
4%
Daikon
Carbohydrates
3%
Radish
4%
Daikon
Fats
0%
Radish
0%
Daikon

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Radish Daikon
Lower in Sugar ok
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Lower in glycemic index Equal
Rich in minerals Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Radish Daikon
Low Calories diet ok
Low Fats diet Equal
Low Carbs diet ok
Low glycemic index diet Equal

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Comparison summary

Which food is lower in Sugar?
Radish
Radish is lower in Sugar (difference - 0.64g)
Which food contains less Sodium?
Daikon
Daikon contains less Sodium (difference - 18mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Daikon
Daikon is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 0.002g)
Which food is cheaper?
Daikon
Daikon is cheaper (difference - $0.1)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
?
The foods have equal glycemic indexes (32)
Which food is richer in minerals?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Radish Daikon Opinion
Calories 16 18 Daikon
Protein 0.68 0.6 Radish
Fats 0.1 0.1
Vitamin C 14.8 22 Daikon
Carbs 3.4 4.1 Daikon
Cholesterol 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Iron 0.34 0.4 Daikon
Calcium 25 27 Daikon
Potassium 233 227 Radish
Magnesium 10 16 Daikon
Sugar 1.86 2.5 Radish
Fiber 1.6 1.6
Copper 0.05 0.115 Daikon
Zinc 0.28 0.15 Radish
Starch 0 Radish
Phosphorus 20 23 Daikon
Sodium 39 21 Daikon
Vitamin A 7 0 Radish
Vitamin E 0 0
Vitamin D 0 0
Vitamin B1 0.012 0.02 Daikon
Vitamin B2 0.039 0.02 Radish
Vitamin B3 0.254 0.2 Radish
Vitamin B5 0.165 0.138 Radish
Vitamin B6 0.071 0.046 Radish
Vitamin B12 0 0
Vitamin K 1.3 0.3 Radish
Folate 25 28 Daikon
Trans Fat 0 0
Saturated Fat 0.032 0.03 Daikon
Monounsaturated Fat 0.017 0.017
Polyunsaturated fat 0.048 0.045 Radish
Tryptophan 0.009 0.003 Radish
Threonine 0.023 0.025 Daikon
Isoleucine 0.02 0.026 Daikon
Leucine 0.031 0.031
Lysine 0.033 0.03 Radish
Methionine 0.01 0.006 Radish
Phenylalanine 0.036 0.02 Radish
Valine 0.035 0.028 Radish
Histidine 0.013 0.011 Radish
Fructose 0.71 Radish

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Radish - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169276/nutrients
  2. Daikon - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168451/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.