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Beef vs Rabbit Meat - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Jack  Yacoubian by Jack Yacoubian | Last updated on December 06, 2021
Education: Haigazian Medical University
Beef
vs
Rabbit Meat

Summary

Rabbit meat is white meat richer in minerals vitamins B3 and B12. Beef is red meat richer in most vitamin B complex and zinc. Overall, rabbit meat is a healthier choice for cardiovascular health, metabolic health, and cancer. However, beef is a more balanced meat.

Introduction

Rabbit meat consumption is not as widespread as other sorts of meat consumption. Rabbit meat is frequently referred to as game meat, obtained during a hunt. However, they are usually grown as livestock on farms nowadays. Farm-bred rabbits are raised in the best ways for consumption regarding nutritional content. They are given highly nutritious meals and are kept away from dangers such as predators. They are less distressed, and their flesh is more tender than wild varieties.

Rabbit meat is categorized as poultry in terms of classification.

Beef is the meat that comes from cattle. Cattle that provide meat and domesticated have become part of humans' domestic animal life cycle nearly 8500 years ago.

Beef is considered the 3rd most consumed meat globally after pork and chicken. There are different cuts of beef and different types of beef available in the market. We will discuss these in general differences.

This article will compare rabbit meat to beef meat in terms of general differences, nutritional content, weight loss and diet, and health implications.

What are their general differences?

The general differences between rabbit meat and beef are based on taste, culinary world usage, price, classification, and types.

Taste

Beef and rabbit meat have different tastes and textures; even when it comes to beef, different cuts of the same beef might taste different.

Culinary world usage

Beef has a wider range of usage compared to rabbit meat. Beef can have different cuts for different usages. There are tender cuts used for steak and grilling, and there are cuts used for grounding the beef meat for burgers and other foods. We can also use beef in cooking.

On the other hand, Rabbit meat has limited usage compared to beef.

Price

Beef meat is cheaper than rabbit meat. Overall it is also more available in markets than rabbit meat.

Classification

Beef is classified as red meat, and rabbit meat is classified as white meat. These classifications have importance in their effects on health which we are discussed in further sections.

Types

Beef has a wide range of types: wagyu, Angus, limousine, brahman, etc. The most famous is the Angus. In addition to that, there are primal, subprimal, and retail cuts. We categorize the different cuts with different usages, tastes, and textures, such as chunk, shank, brisket, ribs, and others. Each of these is different, even in its nutritional contents.

On the other hand, rabbit meat doesn't have much variety as beef. Although it has farm-raised and wild rabbits with different nutritional profiles, rabbit meat is usually sold as a whole piece and not cuts.

Nutritional content comparison

This section will compare the nutritional content of both rabbit meat and beef according to their macronutrients, vitamins, and minerals.

Glycemic index

The glycemic index of both these foods is 0.

Calories

Beef is higher in calories compared to rabbit meat. Beef contains approximately 1.5 times more calories.

Carbs

Beef and rabbit meat contain no carbohydrates, and their calories are composed of fats and proteins. This is a significant feature in certain diets.

Proteins

Both rabbit and beef are rich in protein and have rich amino acid compositions. On the other hand, Rabbit meat has 1.3 times the protein content of beef.

Fats

One of the essential characteristics of rabbit meat is its low-fat content. It has roughly five times the fat content of beef. The link between fat and protein in rabbit meat will be examined in the protein poisoning portion of the health effect section.

Saturated and unsaturated fats

Rabbit meat is lower in all sorts of fats since rabbit meat has five times less total fat than beef.

However, the fat distribution of beef is nearly divided between saturated fats and unsaturated fats.

Cholesterol

Beef contains more cholesterol than rabbit meat.

Minerals

Rabbit meat is richer in phosphorus, copper, magnesium, and iron. On the other hand, beef is richer in zinc. It is also important to note that beef is rich in iron; however, comparatively, rabbit meat contains more.

Below the mineral coverage charts are displayed to compare the content in each food.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Contains more Zinc +165.1%
Contains more Iron +86.5%
Contains more Magnesium +47.6%
Contains more Phosphorus +21.2%
Contains less Sodium -37.5%
Contains more Copper +107.1%
Equal in Calcium - 18
Equal in Potassium - 343
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 6% 98% 15% 85% 29% 10% 173% 29%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 6% 182% 23% 103% 31% 6% 65% 59%
Contains more Zinc +165.1%
Contains more Iron +86.5%
Contains more Magnesium +47.6%
Contains more Phosphorus +21.2%
Contains less Sodium -37.5%
Contains more Copper +107.1%
Equal in Calcium - 18
Equal in Potassium - 343

Vitamin

Rabbit meat is richer in vitamin B3 and B12. Although it is important to mention that beef is very rich in vitamin B12, it is famous for being a good source of vitamin B12, which is a correct statement. However, when it comes to comparison, rabbit meat is richer in vitamin B12. Beef is richer in B6, B5, and B2.

Below the vitamin coverage charts are displayed to compare the content in each food.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
Beef
6
:
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +130%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +151.4%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +12.4%
Contains more Folate +12.5%
Contains more Vitamin E +241.7%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +19%
Contains more Vitamin B12 +146.6%
Contains more Vitamin K +25%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 1% 3% 0% 0% 12% 41% 101% 40% 89% 7% 331% 3%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 0% 9% 0% 0% 5% 17% 120% 0% 79% 6% 814% 4%
Contains more Vitamin A +∞%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +130%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +151.4%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +12.4%
Contains more Folate +12.5%
Contains more Vitamin E +241.7%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +19%
Contains more Vitamin B12 +146.6%
Contains more Vitamin K +25%

Diet and weight loss

Rabbit meat and beef can be adjusted to consume a healthy balanced diet. However, sometimes beef can be turned into fatty burgers with high carbohydrates from condiments and high-fat amounts. In addition to that, the added salts should be taken into consideration.

Vegan

Vegans cannot consume rabbit meat or beef.

Keto

In the keto diet, rabbit and beef are ideal. They have no carbohydrates and a glycemic index of 0. They contain a lot of protein. However, because rabbit meat is high in protein and low in fat, it is vital to pair it with beneficial fats on the keto diet.

Bodybuilding

Both of these foods are ideal for bodybuilding. Beef is more accessible, cheaper, and balanced. Rabbit meat is also a good option for bodybuilding and is commonly used to lose fat and achieve a leaner physique; however, relying on rabbit meat as a protein source for an extended period is not recommended because it contains low fat and would cause more harm than good if consumed in excess.

Health impacts

Protein poisoning

Protein toxicity is one of the most serious consequences of eating rabbit meat. This is when there is a long period for rabbit meat-eating in conjunction with low-fat consumption. Rabbit meat is low in fat, and no to low fats are consumed in the remainder of the diet, resulting in a condition known as protein poisoning. To avoid this, rabbit meat should be served with butter or fat. (1)(2)

Cardiovascular health

White meats such as rabbits are a healthy alternative to red meat when it comes to the overall influence on cardiovascular health. Meat from rabbits lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease. (3) Farm-raised rabbits on a healthy diet had higher levels of polyunsaturated fats, which lower the risk of cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, rabbit meat is one of the meats with the lowest salt content, which is good for hypertensive individuals. (4) (5)

Consumption of red meat like beef is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. (6)

Associating whole grains and vegetables with red meat decreases the risks of cardiovascular diseases which are associated with red meat. However, it is important to mention that beef should be consumed in moderation. (7)

Diabetes and metabolism

Gout

Consumption of rabbit meat and beef should be reduced for people who suffer from Gout arthritis. This is mainly due to their purine-rich nutritional profile. (8)

Diabetes and obesity

Rabbit and beef contain 0g of carbohydrates and a glycemic index of 0. As a result, they can be used as part of diets tailored to diabetes patients in order to regulate blood glucose and insulin levels. Furthermore, it lowers the chances of getting type 2 diabetes.

Linoleic acid, which is found in rabbit meat, lowers the risk of obesity and diabetes. (9)(10)(11)

Cancer

Linoleic acid, which is found in rabbit meat, has anti-cancer potential. Furthermore, rabbit meat is classified as white meat, linked to a lower risk of cancer growth. (11)(12)

Beef consumption is linked with increased risks of colorectal cancer development. However, as mentioned above, reducing the amount of beef consumed and associating it with vegetables and whole grains can reduce these risks. (7)

Tularemia

Tularemia is a zoonotic infection caused by bacteria (Francisella tularensis) and is usually connected with rabbit hunters and eaters of rabbit meat. Infection can be caused to contact with contaminated tissue during the skinning of rabbits or by eating infected meat. Transmission can also occur due to a tick bite on the animal's skin. (13)

References

  1. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16779921/
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3228431/
  3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33672599/
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3257606/
  5. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28391629/
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6756738/
  7. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33268459/
  8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30485934/
  9. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19239633/
  10. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289674478
  11. http://cuniculture.info/Docs/
  12. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6520977/
  13. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430905/
Article author photo Jack  Yacoubian
Education: Haigazian Medical University
Last updated: December 06, 2021

Infographic

Beef vs Rabbit Meat infographic
Infographic link

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Beef Rabbit Meat
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Cholesterol ok
Lower in Sugar Equal
Lower in glycemic index Equal
Lower in price Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Beef Rabbit Meat Opinion
Net carbs 0g 0g
Protein 25.93g 33.02g Rabbit Meat
Fats 15.41g 3.51g Beef
Carbs 0g 0g
Calories 250kcal 173kcal Beef
Starch g g
Fructose g g
Sugar 0g 0g
Fiber 0g 0g
Calcium 18mg 18mg
Iron 2.6mg 4.85mg Rabbit Meat
Magnesium 21mg 31mg Rabbit Meat
Phosphorus 198mg 240mg Rabbit Meat
Potassium 318mg 343mg Rabbit Meat
Sodium 72mg 45mg Rabbit Meat
Zinc 6.31mg 2.38mg Beef
Copper 0.085mg 0.176mg Rabbit Meat
Vitamin A 9IU 0IU Beef
Vitamin E 0.12mg 0.41mg Rabbit Meat
Vitamin D 2IU 0IU Beef
Vitamin D 0µg 0µg
Vitamin C 0mg 0mg
Vitamin B1 0.046mg 0.02mg Beef
Vitamin B2 0.176mg 0.07mg Beef
Vitamin B3 5.378mg 6.4mg Rabbit Meat
Vitamin B5 0.658mg mg Beef
Vitamin B6 0.382mg 0.34mg Beef
Folate 9µg 8µg Beef
Vitamin B12 2.64µg 6.51µg Rabbit Meat
Vitamin K 1.2µg 1.5µg Rabbit Meat
Tryptophan 0.094mg 0.436mg Rabbit Meat
Threonine 0.72mg 1.477mg Rabbit Meat
Isoleucine 0.822mg 1.567mg Rabbit Meat
Leucine 1.45mg 2.573mg Rabbit Meat
Lysine 1.54mg 2.891mg Rabbit Meat
Methionine 0.478mg 0.826mg Rabbit Meat
Phenylalanine 0.725mg 1.355mg Rabbit Meat
Valine 0.914mg 1.678mg Rabbit Meat
Histidine 0.604mg 0.926mg Rabbit Meat
Cholesterol 88mg 123mg Beef
Trans Fat 0.572g g Rabbit Meat
Saturated Fat 5.895g 1.05g Rabbit Meat
Monounsaturated Fat 6.668g 0.95g Beef
Polyunsaturated fat 0.484g 0.68g Rabbit Meat

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Beef Rabbit Meat
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet Equal
Low Calories diet ok
Low glycemic index diet Equal

People also compare

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
52
Beef
88
Rabbit Meat
Mineral Summary Score
55
Beef
59
Rabbit Meat

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
156%
Beef
198%
Rabbit Meat
Carbohydrates
0%
Beef
0%
Rabbit Meat
Fats
71%
Beef
16%
Rabbit Meat

Comparison summary

Which food contains less Sodium?
Rabbit Meat
Rabbit Meat contains less Sodium (difference - 27mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Rabbit Meat
Rabbit Meat is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 4.845g)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Rabbit Meat
Rabbit Meat is relatively richer in minerals
Which food is lower in Cholesterol?
Beef
Beef is lower in Cholesterol (difference - 35mg)
Which food contains less Sugar?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Sugar (0 g)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
?
The foods have equal glycemic indexes (0)
Which food is cheaper?
?
The foods are relatively equal in price ($2)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Beef - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/174032/nutrients
  2. Rabbit Meat - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/174348/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.