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Brown sugar nutrition, glycemic index, calories, and serving size

Sugars, brown
*all the values are displayed for the amount of 100 grams

Brown sugar Glycemic index (GI)

N/A

Brown sugar is usually produced by adding molasses to refined white sugar. As a sweetener, it naturally consists primarily of carbohydrates - 98% to be precise.

An exact measurement for the glycemic index of brown sugar has not yet been carried out. However, we can look at the glycemic indices of its two main components, white sugar and molasses, to get an idea of how it affects blood glucose levels.

Refined white sugar consists of sucrose, which has a glycemic index of 65±4 (1). Sucrose is also the main carbohydrate found in brown sugar. However, as molasses possesses properties reducing the glycemic index (2), the GI of brown sugar is lower than that of white sugar (3).

To read more about the glycemic properties of molasses you can go to our “Molasses” page - https://foodstruct.com/food/molasses.

In contrast, to the previous statement, the brown sugar produced from coconut water has a higher glycemic index than white sugar from coconut water. The glycemic index of brown sugar from coconut water falls in the range of 38 to 50, depending on the cultivar of the coconut (4).

Brown sugar has been researched to be the better choice, when compared to refined white sugar, to reduce the risk of non-alcoholic fat accumulation in the liver of obese indivuals (5).

In summary, brown sugar has a low to moderate glycemic index and can be used in moderation, as a substitute for refined white sugar.

Sources.

  1. https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/diacare/suppl/2008/09/18/dc08-1239.DC1/TableA1_1.pdf
  2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267871575
  3. http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-1113/ijsrp-p2330.pdf
  4. https://www.scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=86989#t3
  5. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320910981
Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Profession: Yerevan State Medical University
Last updated: March 23, 2021

Important nutritional characteristics for Brown sugar

Brown sugar
N/A (-)
Serving Size ⓘ Serving sizes are taken from FDA's Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed (RACCs)
( grams)
Acidity (Based on PRAL) ⓘ PRAL (Potential renal acid load) is calculated using a formula. On the PRAL scale the higher the positive value, the more is the acidifying effect on the body. The lower the negative value, the higher the alkalinity of the food. 0 is neutral.
-3.9 (alkaline)
Calories
380
100% Carbs
82% Calories
79% Sugar
75% Calcium
35% Manganese
Explanation: The given food contains more Carbs than 100% of foods. Note that this food itself is richer in Carbs than it is in any other nutrient. Similarly, it is relatively rich in Calories, Sugar, Calcium, and Manganese.

Check out similar food or compare with current

Macronutrients chart

99% 2%
Protein:
Daily Value: 0%
0.12 g of 50 g
0%
Fats:
Daily Value: 0%
0 g of 65 g
0%
Carbs:
Daily Value: 33%
98.09 g of 300 g
33%
Water:
Daily Value: 0%
1.34 g of 2,000 g
0%
Other:
0.45 g

NEW NUTRITION FACTS LABEL

Nutrition Facts
___servings per container
Serving Size ______________
Amount Per 100g
Calories 380
% Daily Value*
0%
Total Fat 0g
0%
Saturated Fat 0g
Trans Fat g
0%
Cholesterol 0mg
1%
Sodium 28mg
33%
Total Carbohydrate 98g
0%
Dietary Fiber 0g
Total Sugars g
Includes ? g Added Sugars
Protein 0g
Vitamin D 0mcg 0%

Calcium 83mg 8%

Iron 1mg 13%

Potassium 133mg 4%

*
The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Health checks

Low in Cholesterol
ok
details
Dietary cholesterol is not associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in healthy individuals. However, dietary cholesterol is common in foods that are high in harmful saturated fats.
Source
No Trans Fats
ok
details
Trans fat consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality by negatively affecting blood lipid levels.
Source
Low in Saturated Fats
ok
details
Saturated fat intake can raise total cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) levels, leading to an increased risk of atherosclerosis. Dietary guidelines recommend limiting saturated fats to under 10% of calories a day.
Source
Low in Sodium
ok
details
Increased sodium consumption leads to elevated blood pressure.
Source
Low in Sugars
limit break
details
While the consumption of moderate amounts of added sugars is not detrimental to health, an excessive intake can increase the risk of obesity, and therefore, diabetes.
Source

Brown sugar nutrition infographic

Brown sugar nutrition infographic
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Mineral coverage chart

Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium Choline 25% 27% 7% 2% 12% 4% 1% 16% 9% 7% 2%
Calcium: 83 mg of 1,000 mg 8%
Iron: 0.71 mg of 8 mg 9%
Magnesium: 9 mg of 420 mg 2%
Phosphorus: 4 mg of 700 mg 1%
Potassium: 133 mg of 3,400 mg 4%
Sodium: 28 mg of 2,300 mg 1%
Zinc: 0.03 mg of 11 mg 0%
Copper: 0.047 mg of 1 mg 5%
Manganese: 0.064 mg of 2 mg 3%
Selenium: 1.2 µg of 55 µg 2%
Choline: 2.3 mg of 550 mg 0%

Mineral chart - relative view

Calcium
83 mg
TOP 25%
Manganese
0.064 mg
TOP 65%
Iron
0.71 mg
TOP 70%
Potassium
133 mg
TOP 75%
Sodium
28 mg
TOP 79%
Selenium
1.2 µg
TOP 81%
Copper
0.047 mg
TOP 82%
Magnesium
9 mg
TOP 86%
Choline
2.3 mg
TOP 95%
Zinc
0.03 mg
TOP 96%
Phosphorus
4 mg
TOP 96%

Vitamin coverage chart

Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 8% 10% 1% 0% 0%
Vitamin A: 0 IU of 5,000 IU 0%
Vitamin E : 0 mg of 15 mg 0%
Vitamin D: 0 µg of 10 µg 0%
Vitamin C: 0 mg of 90 mg 0%
Vitamin B1: 0 mg of 1 mg 0%
Vitamin B2: 0 mg of 1 mg 0%
Vitamin B3: 0.11 mg of 16 mg 1%
Vitamin B5: 0.132 mg of 5 mg 3%
Vitamin B6: 0.041 mg of 1 mg 3%
Folate: 1 µg of 400 µg 0%
Vitamin B12: 0 µg of 2 µg 0%
Vitamin K: 0 µg of 120 µg 0%

Vitamin chart - relative view

Vitamin B6
0.041 mg
TOP 82%
Vitamin B5
0.132 mg
TOP 86%
Vitamin B3
0.11 mg
TOP 91%
Folate
1 µg
TOP 93%
Vitamin A
0 IU
TOP 100%
Vitamin E
0 mg
TOP 100%
Vitamin K
0 µg
TOP 100%
Vitamin B12
0 µg
TOP 100%
Vitamin B2
0 mg
TOP 100%
Vitamin B1
0 mg
TOP 100%
Vitamin C
0 mg
TOP 100%
Vitamin D
0 µg
TOP 100%

Carbohydrate type breakdown

94.56%
Starch: g
Sucrose: 94.56 g
Glucose: 1.35 g
Fructose: 1.11 g
Lactose: 0 g
Maltose: 0 g
Galactose: 0 g

Fiber content ratio for Brown sugar

97.02%
Sugar: 97.02 g
Fiber: 0 g
Other: 1.07 g

All nutrients for Brown sugar per 100g

Nutrient DV% In TOP % of foods Value Comparison
Protein 0% 94% 0.12g 23.5 times less than Broccoli
Fats 0% 100% 0g N/A
Carbs 33% 0% 98.09g 3.5 times more than Rice
Calories 19% 18% 380kcal 8.1 times more than Orange
Fructose 1% 86% 1.11g 5.3 times less than Apple
Sugar 0% 21% 97.02g 10.8 times more than Coca-Cola
Fiber 0% 100% 0g N/A
Calcium 8% 25% 83mg 1.5 times less than Milk
Iron 9% 70% 0.71mg 3.7 times less than Beef
Magnesium 2% 86% 9mg 15.6 times less than Almond
Phosphorus 1% 96% 4mg 45.5 times less than Chicken meat
Potassium 4% 75% 133mg 1.1 times less than Cucumber
Sodium 1% 79% 28mg 17.5 times less than White Bread
Zinc 0% 96% 0.03mg 210.3 times less than Beef
Copper 5% 82% 0.05mg 3 times less than Shiitake
Vitamin E 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Vitamin D 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Vitamin C 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Vitamin B1 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Vitamin B2 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Vitamin B3 1% 91% 0.11mg 87 times less than Turkey meat
Vitamin B5 3% 86% 0.13mg 8.6 times less than Sunflower seed
Vitamin B6 3% 82% 0.04mg 2.9 times less than Oat
Folate 0% 93% 1µg 61 times less than Brussels sprout
Vitamin B12 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Vitamin K 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Cholesterol 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Saturated Fat 0% 100% 0g N/A
Monounsaturated Fat 0% 100% 0g N/A
Polyunsaturated fat 0% 100% 0g N/A

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article and glycemic index text the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168833/nutrients

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.
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