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Brown sugar nutrition, glycemic index, calories, net carbs & more

Sugars, brown
*all the values are displayed for the amount of 100 grams

Brown sugar Glycemic index (GI)

71
Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan by Victoria Mazmanyan | Last updated on March 23, 2021
Education: General Medicine at YSMU

Brown sugar is usually produced by adding molasses to refined white sugar. As a sweetener, it naturally consists primarily of carbohydrates - 98%, to be precise.

Exact measurement for the glycemic index of brown sugar has not yet been carried out. However, we can look at the glycemic indices of its two main components, white sugar and molasses, to get an idea of how it affects blood glucose levels.

Refined white sugar consists of sucrose, which has a glycemic index of 65±4 (1). Sucrose is also the main carbohydrate found in brown sugar. However, as molasses possesses properties reducing the glycemic index (2), the GI of brown sugar is lower than that of white sugar (3).

To read more about the glycemic properties of molasses, you can go to our “Molasses” page - https://foodstruct.com/food/molasses.

In contrast, to the previous statement, the brown sugar produced from coconut water has a higher glycemic index than white sugar from coconut water. The glycemic index of brown sugar from coconut water falls in the range of 38 to 50, depending on the cultivar of the coconut (4).

Brown sugar has been researched to be the better choice when compared to refined white sugar to reduce the risk of non-alcoholic fat accumulation in the liver of obese individuals (5).

In summary, brown sugar has a low to moderate glycemic index and can be used in moderation to substitute refined white sugar.

References

  1. https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/114/5/1625/6320814
  2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267871575
  3. http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-1113/ijsrp-p2330.pdf
  4. https://www.scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=86989#t3
  5. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320910981
Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Last updated: March 23, 2021

Important nutritional characteristics for Brown sugar

Brown sugar
Glycemic index ⓘ Source:
The GI for palm sugar https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/114/5/1625/6320814 The GI for palm sugar https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283230120
Check out our Glycemic index chart page for the full list.
71 (high)
Insulin index ⓘ II for sucrose https://www.nature.com/articles/1600666.pdf?origin=ppub
83
Calories
380
Net Carbs ⓘ Net Carbs = Total Carbohydrates – Fiber – Sugar Alcohols
98.09 grams
Acidity (Based on PRAL) ⓘ PRAL (Potential renal acid load) is calculated using a formula. On the PRAL scale the higher the positive value, the more is the acidifying effect on the body. The lower the negative value, the higher the alkalinity of the food. 0 is neutral.
-3.9 (alkaline)
100% Net carbs
100% Carbs
82% Calories
79% Sugar
75% Calcium
Explanation: The given food contains more Net carbs than 100% of foods. Note that this food itself is richer in Net carbs than it is in any other nutrient. Similarly, it is relatively rich in Carbs, Calories, Sugar, and Calcium.

Mineral coverage chart

Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium Choline 25% 27% 7% 2% 12% 4% 1% 16% 9% 7% 2%
Calcium: 83 mg of 1,000 mg 8%
Iron: 0.71 mg of 8 mg 9%
Magnesium: 9 mg of 420 mg 2%
Phosphorus: 4 mg of 700 mg 1%
Potassium: 133 mg of 3,400 mg 4%
Sodium: 28 mg of 2,300 mg 1%
Zinc: 0.03 mg of 11 mg 0%
Copper: 0.047 mg of 1 mg 5%
Manganese: 0.064 mg of 2 mg 3%
Selenium: 1.2 µg of 55 µg 2%
Choline: 2.3 mg of 550 mg 0%

Mineral chart - relative view

Calcium
83 mg
TOP 25%
Manganese
0.064 mg
TOP 65%
Iron
0.71 mg
TOP 70%
Potassium
133 mg
TOP 75%
Sodium
28 mg
TOP 79%
Selenium
1.2 µg
TOP 81%
Copper
0.047 mg
TOP 82%
Magnesium
9 mg
TOP 85%
Choline
2.3 mg
TOP 95%
Zinc
0.03 mg
TOP 96%
Phosphorus
4 mg
TOP 96%

Vitamin coverage chart

Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 8% 10% 1% 0% 0%
Vitamin A: 0 IU of 5,000 IU 0%
Vitamin E : 0 mg of 15 mg 0%
Vitamin D: 0 µg of 10 µg 0%
Vitamin C: 0 mg of 90 mg 0%
Vitamin B1: 0 mg of 1 mg 0%
Vitamin B2: 0 mg of 1 mg 0%
Vitamin B3: 0.11 mg of 16 mg 1%
Vitamin B5: 0.132 mg of 5 mg 3%
Vitamin B6: 0.041 mg of 1 mg 3%
Folate: 1 µg of 400 µg 0%
Vitamin B12: 0 µg of 2 µg 0%
Vitamin K: 0 µg of 120 µg 0%

Vitamin chart - relative view

Vitamin B6
0.041 mg
TOP 82%
Vitamin B5
0.132 mg
TOP 86%
Vitamin B3
0.11 mg
TOP 91%
Folate
1 µg
TOP 93%
Vitamin A
0 IU
TOP 100%
Vitamin E
0 mg
TOP 100%
Vitamin K
0 µg
TOP 100%
Vitamin B12
0 µg
TOP 100%
Vitamin B2
0 mg
TOP 100%
Vitamin B1
0 mg
TOP 100%
Vitamin C
0 mg
TOP 100%
Vitamin D
0 µg
TOP 100%

Macronutrients chart

96% 2%
Protein:
Daily Value: 0%
0.12 g of 50 g
0%
Fats:
Daily Value: 0%
0 g of 65 g
0%
Carbs:
Daily Value: 33%
98.09 g of 300 g
33%
Water:
Daily Value: 0%
1.34 g of 2,000 g
0%
Other:
0.45 g

Carbohydrate type breakdown

97%
Starch: 0 g
Sucrose: 94.56 g
Glucose: 1.35 g
Fructose: 1.11 g
Lactose: 0 g
Maltose: 0 g
Galactose: 0 g

Fiber content ratio for Brown sugar

99%
Sugar: 97.02 g
Fiber: 0 g
Other: 1.07 g

All nutrients for Brown sugar per 100g

Nutrient Value DV% In TOP % of foods Comparison
Calories 380kcal 19% 18% 8.1 times more than OrangeOrange
Protein 0.12g 0% 94% 23.5 times less than BroccoliBroccoli
Fats 0g 0% 100% N/ACheese
Vitamin C 0mg 0% 100% N/ALemon
Net carbs 98.09g N/A 0% 1.8 times more than ChocolateChocolate
Carbs 98.09g 33% 0% 3.5 times more than RiceRice
Cholesterol 0mg 0% 100% N/AEgg
Vitamin D 0µg 0% 100% N/AEgg
Iron 0.71mg 9% 70% 3.7 times less than BeefBeef
Calcium 83mg 8% 25% 1.5 times less than MilkMilk
Potassium 133mg 4% 75% 1.1 times less than CucumberCucumber
Magnesium 9mg 2% 85% 15.6 times less than AlmondAlmond
Sugar 97.02g N/A 21% 10.8 times more than Coca-ColaCoca-Cola
Fiber 0g 0% 100% N/AOrange
Copper 0.05mg 5% 82% 3 times less than ShiitakeShiitake
Zinc 0.03mg 0% 96% 210.3 times less than BeefBeef
Phosphorus 4mg 1% 96% 45.5 times less than Chicken meatChicken meat
Sodium 28mg 1% 79% 17.5 times less than White BreadWhite Bread
Vitamin A 0IU 0% 100% N/ACarrot
Vitamin A RAE 0µg 0% 100%
Vitamin E 0mg 0% 100% N/AKiwifruit
Vitamin B1 0mg 0% 100% N/APea
Vitamin B2 0mg 0% 100% N/AAvocado
Vitamin B3 0.11mg 1% 91% 87 times less than Turkey meatTurkey meat
Vitamin B5 0.13mg 3% 86% 8.6 times less than Sunflower seedSunflower seed
Vitamin B6 0.04mg 3% 82% 2.9 times less than OatOat
Vitamin B12 0µg 0% 100% N/APork
Vitamin K 0µg 0% 100% N/ABroccoli
Folate 1µg 0% 93% 61 times less than Brussels sproutBrussels sprout
Saturated Fat 0g 0% 100% N/ABeef
Monounsaturated Fat 0g N/A 100% N/AAvocado
Polyunsaturated fat 0g N/A 100% N/AWalnut
Fructose 1.11g 1% 86% 5.3 times less than AppleApple
Omega-3 - EPA 0g N/A 100% N/ASalmon
Omega-3 - DHA 0g N/A 100% N/ASalmon
Omega-3 - DPA 0g N/A 100% N/ASalmon

Check out similar food or compare with current

NUTRITION FACTS LABEL

Nutrition Facts
___servings per container
Serving Size ______________
Amount Per 100g
Calories 380
% Daily Value*
0%
Total Fat 0g
0%
Saturated Fat 0g
Trans Fat g
0%
Cholesterol 0mg
1%
Sodium 28mg
33%
Total Carbohydrate 98g
0%
Dietary Fiber 0g
Total Sugars g
Includes ? g Added Sugars
Protein 0g
Vitamin D 0mcg 0%

Calcium 83mg 8%

Iron 1mg 13%

Potassium 133mg 4%

*
The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Health checks

Low in Cholesterol
ok
 ⓘ Dietary cholesterol is not associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in healthy individuals. However, dietary cholesterol is common in foods that are high in harmful saturated fats.
Source
No Trans Fats
ok
 ⓘ Trans fat consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality by negatively affecting blood lipid levels.
Source
Low in Saturated Fats
ok
 ⓘ Saturated fat intake can raise total cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) levels, leading to an increased risk of atherosclerosis. Dietary guidelines recommend limiting saturated fats to under 10% of calories a day.
Source
Low in Sodium
ok
 ⓘ Increased sodium consumption leads to elevated blood pressure.
Source
Low in Sugars
limit break
 ⓘ While the consumption of moderate amounts of added sugars is not detrimental to health, an excessive intake can increase the risk of obesity, and therefore, diabetes.
Source

Brown sugar nutrition infographic

Brown sugar nutrition infographic
Infographic link

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article and glycemic index text the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168833/nutrients

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.