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Durian nutrition, glycemic index, calories, and serving size

Durian, raw or frozen
*all the values are displayed for the amount of 100 grams

Durian Glycemic index (GI)

49

Durian is an exotic, seasonal fruit, native to South East Asia.

According to the study of “Glycemic index of common Malaysian fruits”, the glycemic index of a durian is 49±5, showing that durian has the lowest GI among the other common fruits: pineapple, watermelon and papaya. This may be due to the presence of fiber and high content of fat in durian (1).

Durian falls under the category of low glycemic index foods.

There’s no need to worry about the high concentration of fat in durian, since it is mostly monounsaturated fatty acids, which can reduce the risk of heart disease.

One research has found durian to possess anti-hyperglycemic, anti-atherosclerotic, anti-proliferative and probiotic effects in animals (2). 

Another study has shown durian shells can potentially be used as anti-inflammatory agents for medicinal use (3).

However, overall there is not enough evidence to support pharmacology of durian in humans and that it might be beneficial to human health, due to the fact that most of the experiments were conducted in vitro or in vivo in animals (4).

Sources.

  1. http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/17/1/35.pdf 
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463093/
  3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28958521/
  4. https://www.jhsmr.org/index.php/jhsmr/article/view/248
Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Profession: Yerevan State Medical University
Last updated: December 04, 2020

Important nutritional characteristics for Durian

Durian
Glycemic index ⓘ Source:
49 (low)
Serving Size ⓘ Serving sizes are taken from FDA's Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed (RACCs)
1 cup, chopped or diced (243 grams)
Acidity (Based on PRAL) ⓘ PRAL (Potential renal acid load) is calculated using a formula. On the PRAL scale the higher the positive value, the more is the acidifying effect on the body. The lower the negative value, the higher the alkalinity of the food. 0 is neutral.
-7.9 (alkaline)
Calories
147
85% Potassium
81% Vitamin C
78% Fiber
77% Vitamin B1
72% Carbs
Explanation: The given food contains more Potassium than 85% of foods. Note that this food itself is richer in Potassium than it is in any other nutrient. Similarly, it is relatively rich in Vitamin C, Fiber, Vitamin B1, and Carbs.

Check out similar food or compare with current

Macronutrients chart

2% 6% 28% 65% 2%
Protein:
Daily Value: 3%
1.47 g of 50 g
3%
Fats:
Daily Value: 8%
5.33 g of 65 g
8%
Carbs:
Daily Value: 9%
27.09 g of 300 g
9%
Water:
Daily Value: 3%
64.99 g of 2,000 g
3%
Other:
1.12 g

NEW NUTRITION FACTS LABEL

Nutrition Facts
___servings per container
Serving Size ______________
Amount Per 100g
Calories 147
% Daily Value*
8%
Total Fat 5g
0%
Saturated Fat 0g
Trans Fat g
0%
Cholesterol 0mg
0%
Sodium 2mg
9%
Total Carbohydrate 27g
16%
Dietary Fiber 4g
Total Sugars g
Includes ? g Added Sugars
Protein 1g
Vitamin D 0mcg 0%

Calcium 6mg 1%

Iron 0mg 0%

Potassium 436mg 13%

*
The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Health checks

Low in Cholesterol
ok
details
Dietary cholesterol is not associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in healthy individuals. However, dietary cholesterol is common in foods that are high in harmful saturated fats.
Source
No Trans Fats
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details
Trans fat consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality by negatively affecting blood lipid levels.
Source
Low in Saturated Fats
ok
details
Saturated fat intake can raise total cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) levels, leading to an increased risk of atherosclerosis. Dietary guidelines recommend limiting saturated fats to under 10% of calories a day.
Source
Low in Sodium
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details
Increased sodium consumption leads to elevated blood pressure.
Source
Low in Sugars
ok
details
While the consumption of moderate amounts of added sugars is not detrimental to health, an excessive intake can increase the risk of obesity, and therefore, diabetes.
Source

Durian nutrition infographic

Durian nutrition infographic
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Mineral coverage chart

Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium Choline 2% 17% 22% 17% 39% 1% 8% 69% 43% 0% 0%
Calcium: 6 mg of 1,000 mg 1%
Iron: 0.43 mg of 8 mg 5%
Magnesium: 30 mg of 420 mg 7%
Phosphorus: 39 mg of 700 mg 6%
Potassium: 436 mg of 3,400 mg 13%
Sodium: 2 mg of 2,300 mg 0%
Zinc: 0.28 mg of 11 mg 3%
Copper: 0.207 mg of 1 mg 23%
Manganese: 0.325 mg of 2 mg 14%
Selenium: µg of 55 µg 0%
Choline: mg of 550 mg 0%

Mineral chart - relative view

Potassium
436 mg
TOP 15%
Copper
0.207 mg
TOP 31%
Magnesium
30 mg
TOP 33%
Manganese
0.325 mg
TOP 44%
Iron
0.43 mg
TOP 79%
Zinc
0.28 mg
TOP 80%
Phosphorus
39 mg
TOP 81%
Calcium
6 mg
TOP 88%
Sodium
2 mg
TOP 96%

Vitamin coverage chart

Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 3% 0% 0% 66% 94% 47% 21% 14% 73% 27% 0% 0%
Vitamin A: 44 IU of 5,000 IU 1%
Vitamin E : mg of 15 mg 0%
Vitamin D: µg of 10 µg 0%
Vitamin C: 19.7 mg of 90 mg 22%
Vitamin B1: 0.374 mg of 1 mg 31%
Vitamin B2: 0.2 mg of 1 mg 15%
Vitamin B3: 1.074 mg of 16 mg 7%
Vitamin B5: 0.23 mg of 5 mg 5%
Vitamin B6: 0.316 mg of 1 mg 24%
Folate: 36 µg of 400 µg 9%
Vitamin B12: 0 µg of 2 µg 0%
Vitamin K: µg of 120 µg 0%

Vitamin chart - relative view

Vitamin C
19.7 mg
TOP 19%
Vitamin B1
0.374 mg
TOP 23%
Vitamin B6
0.316 mg
TOP 38%
Folate
36 µg
TOP 39%
Vitamin B2
0.2 mg
TOP 46%
Vitamin A
44 IU
TOP 50%
Vitamin B3
1.074 mg
TOP 68%
Vitamin B5
0.23 mg
TOP 79%
Vitamin B12
0 µg
TOP 100%

Fiber content ratio for Durian

3.8% 23.29%
Sugar: g
Fiber: 3.8 g
Other: 23.29 g

All nutrients for Durian per 100g

Nutrient DV% In TOP % of foods Value Comparison
Protein 4% 82% 1.47g 1.9 times less than Broccoli
Fats 8% 49% 5.33g 6.2 times less than Cheese
Carbs 9% 28% 27.09g Equal to Rice
Calories 7% 60% 147kcal 3.1 times more than Orange
Fiber 15% 22% 3.8g 1.6 times more than Orange
Calcium 1% 88% 6mg 20.8 times less than Milk
Iron 5% 79% 0.43mg 6 times less than Beef
Magnesium 7% 33% 30mg 4.7 times less than Almond
Phosphorus 6% 81% 39mg 4.7 times less than Chicken meat
Potassium 13% 15% 436mg 3 times more than Cucumber
Sodium 0% 96% 2mg 245 times less than White Bread
Zinc 3% 80% 0.28mg 22.5 times less than Beef
Copper 23% 31% 0.21mg 1.5 times more than Shiitake
Vitamin C 22% 19% 19.7mg 2.7 times less than Lemon
Vitamin B1 31% 23% 0.37mg 1.4 times more than Pea
Vitamin B2 15% 46% 0.2mg 1.5 times more than Avocado
Vitamin B3 7% 68% 1.07mg 8.9 times less than Turkey meat
Vitamin B5 5% 79% 0.23mg 4.9 times less than Sunflower seed
Vitamin B6 24% 38% 0.32mg 2.7 times more than Oat
Folate 9% 39% 36µg 1.7 times less than Brussels sprout
Vitamin B12 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Cholesterol 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Trans Fat 0% 100% 0g N/A

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article and glycemic index text the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168192/nutrients

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.
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