Apricot vs Nectarine - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison
Nectarines are richer in copper, vitamin B1, and B3. On the other hand, apricots have two times more vitamin C than nectarines, a lower glycemic index, higher carbs. Nectarines are also lower in fiber compared to apricots. Both of them have a wide range of health benefits.
Table of contents
Both being members of the Rosaceae family, the apricot and nectarine have a lot of similarities. These juicy summertime fruits are high in vitamins, carbohydrates, and minerals. On the other hand, apricots and nectarines differ in nutrient content. This article will discuss the general and nutritional differences and the health impacts of these highly nutritious fruits.
APPEARANCE, TASTE, AND SMELL
The two fruits come from the same family (Rosaceae), so they have a lot in common. They differ, however, in terms of scent, color, and appearance.
Apricots (Prunus armeniaca) are known for their silky skin and sweet, soft scent. They usually are orange or yellow, with a red tint on occasion.
The flash on nectarines (Prunus persica var. nucipersica) is red, yellow, or white. They are larger than apricots, but their skin is not fuzzy. This is because the recessive allele is expressed in nectarine, which is responsible for its soft skin (1). The smell of nectarine is sweet, juicy, and peachy.
The nutritional values of Apricots, raw (2) and Nectarines, raw (3), will be compared here. Yet, these are not the only types of these fruits, and we will discuss some variations between them in the following sections.
Vitamins are nutrients that the human body cannot synthesize. Vitamins are abundant in apricots and nectarines.
Apricots are high in vitamins A, E, K, B2, B5, and B6, although nectarines have more B1 and B3.
Apricots offer twice as much vitamin C as nectarines, with 10mg per 100g compared to 5.4mg in nectarines. Dried apricots vitamin C content is significantly lower: it is 1mg per 100 g of fruit.
The magnesium content in apricots and nectarines is nearly identical. On the other hand, Nectarines have higher copper and phosphorus content than apricots.
The sodium content is lower in nectarines. Potassium, Iron, and Calcium are all higher in apricots.
Fruits are generally not considered protein sources, but they contain some. Nectarines provide less protein than apricots. They contain 1.1g of it per 100g of fruit, compared to 1.4g in apricots.
A large percentage of these chemicals can be found in all fruits. Apricots have more carbs than nectarines. Apricots have 11.1g of carbohydrates per 100g, while nectarines have 10.5g. Furthermore, nectarines have fewer sugars than apricots. They contain less sucrose and glucose but more fructose.
The dried alternative of apricot has nearly six times more carbs than the fresh fruit.
Apricots are high in both forms of fiber, but especially soluble fibers, which help maintain healthy blood glucose and cholesterol levels. The fiber level of apricots is higher than that of nectarines. They have 2 grams of fiber per 100 grams of fruit, compared with 1.7 grams in nectarines.
Net carbs are the carbohydrates in food used to make energy. Subtract the amount of fiber from the total carbs in the dish to get at this amount.
Let us see how many net carbohydrates each of these fruits have. Apricots provide 11.1 grams of carbs, with 2 grams of fiber. On the other hand, Nectarines provide 10.5 grams of carbohydrates and 1.7 grams of fiber per serving. Apricots have 9.1 grams of net carbs, whereas peaches have 8.8 grams. Finally, nectarines have a lower net carb content.
Apricots and nectarines have almost similar amounts of calories. However, the apricot has 48 calories per 100g of fruit, compared to 44 for nectarines. They are low-calorie fruits.
Lipids are not found in apricots or nectarines in considerable quantities. Apricots have 0.39 grams of fat per 100 grams of fruit, whereas nectarines have 0.32 grams. The two fruits are equal in cholesterol content: they do not contain a significant amount of it.
Regularly using apricots and nectarines may certainly boost cardiovascular health. They both produce a significant number of chemicals that aid in maintaining a healthy heart.
Apricots help to maintain heart health since they are high in water. Dehydration can lead to coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke and can be avoided by consuming apricots (4). Apricot polyphenols may potentially aid in reducing cardiovascular risks in the body (5).
Nectarines may help prevent anemia. This is a severe condition that results from a lack of red blood cells or hemoglobin (6). If nectarine eating is paired with the consumption of iron-rich food, it reduces anemia risks. This is due to vitamin C in nectarines, converting iron into a more absorbable form (7).
Toxic free radicals can cause oxidative stress and harm to all cells. Thus, antioxidants help to neutralize them (8). As a result, oxidative stress may contribute to cardiovascular disease(9), obesity (10), and Alzheimer’s disease. Apricots and nectarines are both high in antioxidants. These two fruits play a similar role in the body's antioxidant defense.
A high flavonoid intake can assist in the reduction of oxidative stress. Vitamin A can also eliminate thiyl radicals and stabilize peroxyl radicals, which are detrimental to the organism when present in excessive amounts (11). The chemicals described above are synthesized in apricots.
Flavonoids and anthocyanins are compounds in nectarines that contribute to the fruit's flavor, scent, and appearance (12). Flavonoids help prevent age-related brain damage, whereas anthocyanins help reduce the risk of inflammation and heart disease (13).
Both nectarines and apricots play a role in cancer prevention due to their various compounds. On the other hand, more research is required to claim the effects described here.
Apricot kernel contains a chemical called amygdalin. It is an anticancer agent that induces apoptosis and blocks the cell cycle in cancer cells (14). However, no controlled clinical trials prove this theory, and amygdalin is not an approved cancer treatment (15). Amygdalin should not be used with extra vitamin C. This combination causes cyanide intoxication and reduces cysteine levels, which usually detoxifies cyanide (16).
Nectarines are engaged in cancer treatment due to their antioxidant action, though further research is needed to confirm this. According to several studies, nectarines' polyphenols are involved in cancer prevention (17). Men who eat these fruits have a lower risk of lung cancer (18).
These two fruits are good choices for people with diabetes. Apricots help to regulate sugar levels by having a low glycemic index. Nectarines are involved in maintaining blood glucose levels with the antioxidants they provide.
Apricots have a low glycemic index, beneficial for blood sugar regulation. Dried apricots have a GI of 30, which is much lower than in fresh apricots. This suggests that both types of fruit are suitable for people with diabetes. Apricots can assist patients with type 2 diabetes by lowering their blood sugar levels (19). Some studies indicate that apricot fiber can slow digestion, limiting glucose release into the bloodstream and improving insulin sensitivity.
Catechins, anthocyanins, chlorogenic acids, and quercetins are the four major phenolic groups found in nectarines. These phenolic compounds have anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity properties (20).
Apricots and peaches both include nutrients that aid in maintaining skin health. However, they perform this role with the help of different substances that they synthesize.
Apricots are high in vitamin C, which aids in the synthesis of collagen, the protein that gives the skin its elasticity and strength (21). We can avoid sunburn by absorbing beta carotene from apricots (22). Apricots include vitamins and carotenoids that can help prevent wrinkles. Wrinkles are caused by the sun, cigarette smoke, and pollution (23).
Because of their copper concentration, nectarines can help with skin health. This mineral promotes the growth of the dermis, the second layer of skin. Collagen synthesis is also aided by it (24). Vitamin B3 is also found in nectarines, which helps to protect skin cells from the sun's rays (25).
- Peaches, plums, nectarines give obesity, diabetes slim chance
Comparison summary table
|Lower in Sugar|
|Lower in Sodium|
|Lower in Saturated Fat|
|Lower in glycemic index|
|Rich in minerals|
|Rich in vitamins|
|Lower in Cholesterol||Equal|
|Lower in price||Equal|
All nutrients comparison - raw data values
Which food is preferable for your diet?
|Low Fats diet|
|Low Carbs diet|
|Low Calories diet|
|Low glycemic index diet|