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Vanilla extract nutrition, glycemic index, calories, and serving size

*all the values are displayed for the amount of 100 grams

Complete nutrition and health benefits analysis for Vanilla extract

Vanilla extract


Vanilla extract is commonly used in baking as a flavouring. Not only does it add a pleasantly sweet aroma, but it also enhances all flavours of the mixture it is added to.

Vanilla extract usually has a dark brown colour, however artificial vanilla extract can also be clear.

Vanilla extract is made from the seed pods of the vanilla orchid. These beans later go through a long process of blanching, fermenting and conditioning, after which they are soaked in a solution of ethanol and water. This is called the extraction process, the result of which is vanilla extract (1).

The main compound that is responsible for vanilla extract’s qualities is called vanillin. Pure vanilla extract contains natural vanillin, as well as many other components, whereas artificial vanilla extract is made completely out of artificially derived synthetic vanillin. However, synthetic vanillin is chemically identical to its natural counterpart.


Vanilla is only used in small amounts, however it can add nutrients to the final product, slightly altering its nutritional value.

Depending on whether the vanilla extract is natural or artificial, as well as the conditions of its production, the nutritional value may change.

A serving size of vanilla extract is the average amount of this flavouring that is added to recipes and it is equal to 4.2g or one teaspoon.

Macronutrients and Calories

Being liquid, 53% of vanillin extract consists of water, with another 34% consisting of ethyl alcohol or ethanol.

Calories in Vanilla Extract

One teaspoon or a serving size of vanilla extract contains about 12 calories.

Carbohydrates in Vanilla Extract

Carbohydrates make up for about 13% of vanilla extract. This means one teaspoon of vanilla extract contains around half a gram of carbohydrates.

The carbohydrate composition is completely made of sugars and contains no dietary fiber.

Nonetheless, pure vanilla extract, without added sugars, does not contain carbohydrates.

Protein in Vanilla Extract

The protein content in vanilla extract is negligible, as a 100g of vanilla extract contains only 0.06g of protein.

Fats in Vanilla Extract

The fat content of vanilla extract is also insignificant. Vanilla extract, naturally, does not contain cholesterol or trans fats.


Vanilla extract is not very rich in vitamins. It contains moderate levels of vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamins B1 and B5. 

However, vanilla extract completely lacks vitamin D, vitamin A, both folic acid and folate forms of vitamin B9, vitamin K, vitamin B12, vitamins E and C.


Vanilla extract is relatively high in manganese. It also contains moderate to low amounts of copper, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron and phosphorus. It does not contain selenium.

Vanilla extract is low in sodium.  

Glycemic Index

A specific number has not been calculated for vanilla extract’s glycemic index, however it is low.


As about 90% of vanilla extract consists of water and alcohol, its acidity is near neutral, meaning the pH is around 7.

The acidity of vanilla extract based on potential renal acid load (PRAL) has been calculated to be -3.3, making it alkaline. PRAL shows the capacity of base or acid production of the food, inside the human body.

You can also have a look at our nutrition infogrpahic and the charts below

Vanilla extract nutrition infographic

Vanilla extract nutrition infographic
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Weight Loss & Diets

Vanilla extract overall consists mostly of water and alcohol, therefore is very low in calories. An average amount of vanilla extract that is usually used in recipes is one teaspoon, which contains almost no fats and only half a gram of carbohydrates.

Vanilla extract can be used as a natural sweetener instead of white sugar for people trying to lose weight. In comparison to white sugar, vanilla extract has a much lower glycemic index and about 8 times less carbohydrates.

Here we will discuss how vanilla extract fits in some diets.



Vanilla extract can be used as a carb-free sweetener on this diet. However, you have to be careful when choosing vanilla extract to use on a keto diet, as some vanilla extract has added sugars in it (2). 


Vanilla extract is low in sodium. It is acceptable on the DASH diet.


You can use vanilla extract on the Atkins diet (3). Low or no carb vanilla extract is preferred.


Even though vanilla flowers are not native to the Mediterranean areas, the modern Mediterranean diet often includes vanilla extract.


Artificial vanilla extract is not paleo friendly (4). However, homemade, sugar-free vanilla extract with organic alcohol can be considered acceptable on this diet. 

Vegan/ Vegetarian/ Pescetarian

As vanilla extract is a plant product, it is naturally acceptable in vegan, vegetarian and pescetarian diets.


Vanilla extract can be used on this diet, especially if it is sugar-free.

Intermittent Fasting

As most foods, you can use vanilla extract during the eating periods, but refrain from it during the eating periods.

Low Fat & Low Calorie

Vanilla extract contains 12 calories per teaspoon and almost no fats, therefore it fits in both low fat and low calorie diets. 

Low Carb

One teaspoon of vanilla extract contains about a gram of carbohydrates. However, you can make homemade pure vanilla extract without added sugars.

Anti Inflammatory

Vanilla extract has been studied to possess antioxidant qualities (5), therefore it can be used on an anti inflammatory diet.


Vanilla extract does not have a significant effect on the digestive system, so it is acceptable to use on a BRAT diet.



Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Profession: Yerevan State Medical University
Last updated: December 03, 2020

Important nutritional characteristics for Vanilla extract

Vanilla extract
Glycemic index ⓘ Gi values are taken from various scientific sources. GI values less than 55 are considered as low. Values above 70 are considered as high.
Serving Size ⓘ Serving sizes are taken from FDA's Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed (RACCs)
1 tsp (4.2 grams)
Acidity (Based on PRAL) ⓘ PRAL (Potential renal acid load) is calculated using a formula. On the PRAL scale the higher the positive value, the more is the acidifying effect on the body. The lower the negative value, the higher the alkalinity of the food. 0 is neutral.
-3.3 (alkaline)
69% Calories
64% Alcohol
63% Sugar
56% Carbs
51% Manganese
Explanation: The given food contains more Calories than 69% of foods. Note that this food itself is richer in Calories than it is in any other nutrient. Similarly, it is relatively rich in Alcohol, Sugar, Carbs, and Manganese.

Check out similar food or compare with current

Macronutrients chart

13% 53% 35%
Daily Value: 0%
0.06 g of 50 g
Daily Value: 0%
0.06 g of 65 g
Daily Value: 4%
12.65 g of 300 g
Daily Value: 3%
52.58 g of 2,000 g
34.65 g


Nutrition Facts
___servings per container
Serving Size ______________
Amount Per 100g
Calories 288
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 0g
Saturated Fat 0g
Trans Fat g
Cholesterol 0mg
Sodium 9mg
Total Carbohydrate 13g
Dietary Fiber 0g
Total Sugars g
Includes ? g Added Sugars
Protein 0g
Vitamin D 0mcg 0%

Calcium 11mg 1%

Iron 0mg 0%

Potassium 148mg 4%

The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Health checks

Low in Cholesterol
Dietary cholesterol is not associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in healthy individuals. However, dietary cholesterol is common in foods that are high in harmful saturated fats.
No Trans Fats
Trans fat consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality by negatively affecting blood lipid levels.
Low in Saturated Fats
Saturated fat intake can raise total cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) levels, leading to an increased risk of atherosclerosis. Dietary guidelines recommend limiting saturated fats to under 10% of calories a day.
Low in Sodium
Increased sodium consumption leads to elevated blood pressure.
Low in Sugars
While the consumption of moderate amounts of added sugars is not detrimental to health, an excessive intake can increase the risk of obesity, and therefore, diabetes.

Mineral coverage chart

Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium Choline 4% 5% 9% 3% 14% 2% 3% 24% 30% 0% 0%
Calcium: 11 mg of 1,000 mg 1%
Iron: 0.12 mg of 8 mg 2%
Magnesium: 12 mg of 420 mg 3%
Phosphorus: 6 mg of 700 mg 1%
Potassium: 148 mg of 3,400 mg 4%
Sodium: 9 mg of 2,300 mg 0%
Zinc: 0.11 mg of 11 mg 1%
Copper: 0.072 mg of 1 mg 8%
Manganese: 0.23 mg of 2 mg 10%
Selenium: 0 µg of 55 µg 0%
Choline: mg of 550 mg 0%

Mineral chart - relative view

0.23 mg
TOP 49%
0.072 mg
TOP 68%
148 mg
TOP 71%
11 mg
TOP 74%
12 mg
TOP 80%
9 mg
TOP 86%
0.11 mg
TOP 90%
0.12 mg
TOP 92%
6 mg
TOP 95%
0 µg
TOP 100%

Vitamin coverage chart

Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 22% 8% 3% 6% 0% 0% 0%
Vitamin A: 0 IU of 5,000 IU 0%
Vitamin E : 0 mg of 15 mg 0%
Vitamin D: 0 µg of 10 µg 0%
Vitamin C: 0 mg of 90 mg 0%
Vitamin B1: 0.011 mg of 1 mg 1%
Vitamin B2: 0.095 mg of 1 mg 7%
Vitamin B3: 0.425 mg of 16 mg 3%
Vitamin B5: 0.035 mg of 5 mg 1%
Vitamin B6: 0.026 mg of 1 mg 2%
Folate: 0 µg of 400 µg 0%
Vitamin B12: 0 µg of 2 µg 0%
Vitamin K: 0 µg of 120 µg 0%

Vitamin chart - relative view

Vitamin B2
0.095 mg
TOP 70%
Vitamin B3
0.425 mg
TOP 80%
Vitamin B6
0.026 mg
TOP 89%
Vitamin B1
0.011 mg
TOP 92%
Vitamin B5
0.035 mg
TOP 95%
Vitamin D
0 µg
TOP 100%
Vitamin A
0 IU
TOP 100%
Vitamin K
0 µg
TOP 100%
Vitamin B12
0 µg
TOP 100%
0 µg
TOP 100%
Vitamin E
0 mg
TOP 100%
Vitamin C
0 mg
TOP 100%

Fat type information

0.01% 0.01% 0.004%
Saturated Fat: 0.01 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 0.01 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 0.004 g

Fiber content ratio for Vanilla extract

Sugar: 12.65 g
Fiber: 0 g
Other: 0 g

All nutrients for Vanilla extract per 100g

Nutrient DV% In TOP % of foods Value Comparison
Protein 0% 95% 0.06g 47 times less than Broccoli
Fats 0% 95% 0.06g 555.2 times less than Cheese
Carbs 4% 44% 12.65g 2.2 times less than Rice
Calories 14% 31% 288kcal 6.1 times more than Orange
Sugar 0% 37% 12.65g 1.4 times more than Coca-Cola
Fiber 0% 100% 0g N/A
Calcium 1% 74% 11mg 11.4 times less than Milk
Iron 2% 92% 0.12mg 21.7 times less than Beef
Magnesium 3% 80% 12mg 11.7 times less than Almond
Phosphorus 1% 95% 6mg 30.3 times less than Chicken meat
Potassium 4% 71% 148mg Equal to Cucumber
Sodium 0% 86% 9mg 54.4 times less than White Bread
Zinc 1% 90% 0.11mg 57.4 times less than Beef
Copper 8% 68% 0.07mg 2 times less than Shiitake
Vitamin E 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Vitamin D 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Vitamin C 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Vitamin B1 1% 92% 0.01mg 24.2 times less than Pea
Vitamin B2 7% 70% 0.1mg 1.4 times less than Avocado
Vitamin B3 3% 80% 0.43mg 22.5 times less than Turkey meat
Vitamin B5 1% 95% 0.04mg 32.3 times less than Sunflower seed
Vitamin B6 2% 89% 0.03mg 4.6 times less than Oat
Folate 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Vitamin B12 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Vitamin K 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Cholesterol 0% 100% 0mg N/A
Trans Fat 0% 100% 0g N/A
Saturated Fat 0% 93% 0.01g 589.5 times less than Beef
Monounsaturated Fat 0% 92% 0.01g 979.9 times less than Avocado
Polyunsaturated fat 0% 96% 0g 11793.5 times less than Walnut


The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article and glycemic index text the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.


Data provided by should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.