Mackerel vs. Pacific saury — Health Impact and Nutrition Comparison
Mackerel contains more Vitamin B12, D, potassium, Vitamin B6, Vitamin E, iron, and B2.
Pacific saury contains more Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, and less sodium. This fish is also lower in cholesterol and saturated fat.
Table of contents
This article shows the main differences between nutrition and the health impact of mackerel and pacific saury.
What's The Actual Difference?
The term "mackerel" refers to a variety of aquatic fish species. Mackerels are primarily Scombridae family members that live near the bottom of oceans or lakes. These fish are blue-green and grow to be 30 cm long. The color of raw mackerel is grey and greasy.
When cooked, mackerel lose its color and turn different shades of light pink or white. Pacific saury is a member of the Scomberesocida family. Pacific saury is dark green to blue. These species also turn yellow, and the reason for this is unknown. Saury, also known as mackerel pike, is approximately 25-30 cm long.
The food varieties used in the article are northern raw pike and salted mackerel.
Pacific saury is considered low calories food. Mackerel has 305 calories per 100g, whereas pacific saury contains 88 calories per 100 g. Mackerel contains three times more calories than pacific saury.
Mackerel contains 70 times more Vitamin K and ten times more Vitamin E than pacific saury. It also has more Vitamin D, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B12, and B3.
Mackerel falls in the range of the top 15% foods as a source of Vitamin B12.
Pacific saury is high in Vitamin C and Vitamin B1.
Mackerel contains more calcium, zinc, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, copper, and potassium than pacific saury. Mackerel falls in the range of the top 12% of foods as a source of potassium.
On the other hand, pacific saury is lower in sodium.
However, as mackerel is very high in sodium (4450mg per 100g for the food version used in this article), it is better to consume it in moderation.
The fat content of mackerel is higher than that of pacific saury. Mackerel contains 25g of fats per 100g, falling in the range of the top 10% of foods as a fat source. Accordingly, mackerel is also higher in saturated and mono/polyunsaturated fats.
Pacific saury contains 40 times less fat: 0.69g per 100g.
Both fishes have no carbs.
Mackerel contains two times more cholesterol than pacific saury.
Mackerel has 95mg per 100g, while pacific saury contains 39g per 100g.
Both pacific saury and mackerel have almost equal amounts of protein.
Mackerel has 18.5g of protein, and pacific saury contains 19.26g per 100g.
According to research, omega-3 fatty acids may help balance blood pressure and lower the risk of developing heart disease. To avoid cardiovascular problems, researchers recommend eating two servings of fatty fish per week, equivalent to 250 milligrams of omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids also have anti-triglyceridemic, hemostatic, and anti-atherogenic properties, which may improve the structure and function of the heart.
Pacific saury and mackerel contain high levels of gamma-tocopherol, which has anti-inflammatory properties and benefits the cardiovascular system  .
However, pacific saury contains less sodium and saturated fat, so it is a better choice if you have cardiovascular problems.
To begin with, these fish contain no carbohydrates, which means they will not raise your blood sugar levels after eating.
Furthermore, studies suggest that fish oil may lower the risk of impaired glucose tolerance and hepatic steatosis. Omega-3 fatty acids from fatty fish and omega-6 fatty acids from linoleic acid are recommended for type 2 diabetes patients due to their positive effects on lipoprotein concentrations. Incorporating fish oil into your daily meal or diet can improve metabolic features associated with type 2 diabetes .
The mercury in seafood depends on species and environmental pollution levels. In particular, King mackerel contains a high amount of mercury, but you can substitute it with Atlantic mackerel due to its low mercury levels. Pacific saury is a small fish that feeds on plankton and has lower mercury levels .
Fat Type Comparison
Comparison summary table
|Lower in Sodium|
|Lower in Saturated Fat|
|Lower in price|
|Lower in Cholesterol|
|Rich in vitamins|
|Lower in Sugar||Equal|
|Lower in Glycemic Index||Equal|
|Rich in minerals||Equal|
All nutrients comparison - raw data values
|Vitamin A RAE||54µg||24µg|
|Omega-3 - DHA||0.699g||0.288g|
|Omega-3 - EPA||0.504g||0.11g|
|Omega-3 - DPA||0.106g||0.049g|
Which food is preferable for your diet?
|Low Fats diet|
|Low Carbs diet||Equal|
|Low Calories diet|
|Low Glycemic Index diet||Equal|
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Vitamins & Minerals Daily Need Coverage Score
The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.
- Mackerel - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/175120/nutrients
- Pacific saury - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171997/nutrients
All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000-calorie diets.