Horseradish vs Radish - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison
Horseradish is a root vegetable that has a pungent taste and odor. It is mainly used in the culinary world as a condiment, but can also be used for cooking.
Throughout old cultures, horseradish was famous for its medicinal purposes. Till today it is used as an ingredient in alternative medicine.
It originated in southeast Europe and western Asia, but nowadays, it is found almost everywhere throughout the world.
Radish is also a root vegetable that has a pungent taste and odor. However, radish is not used as a condiment, instead, it is mostly used as a crunchy vegetable added to salads or eaten by itself.
Radish was mostly found in the Asian continent, however now it is spread all over the world like horseradish.
In this article, we are going to discuss the nutritional data, dietary usage, and health impacts of horseradish and radish.
The comparison between horseradish and radish is based on 100g of each. It is important to note that horseradish is composed of 85% of water and radish is composed of 95.3% water.
Horseradish and radish are both categorized as low-calorie foods, but there is a difference between them, as horseradish is higher in calories compared to radishes.
Horseradish has higher amounts of carbohydrates compared to radish. In turn, carbs are divided into sugars and fibers. The fiber content of horseradish is higher than that of radish. The fiber content of horseradish covers 9% of the required daily intake.
The sugar content is also higher in horseradish compared to radish.
The fat content of both is negligible.
Both horseradish and radish are low in protein. They provide up to 2% of the daily required value.
Horseradish and radish are categorized as low glycemic index foods. Although there is a difference between them, it is not quite relevant. The glycemic index of horseradish is 35 whereas the glycemic index of radish is 32.
Horseradish is richer in vitamin C and folate compared to radish. It is important to note that radishes are a great source of vitamin C and folate however, they have less content of these vitamins compared to horseradish.
Horseradish is richer in sodium, calcium, and magnesium compared to radish.
The sodium content of horseradish is nearly 18% of the required daily value. In this case, it is important to take into consideration sodium intake.
Weight loss and diets
Horseradish and radish are low carbs and low-fat foods. They are ideal to consume during weight loss regimens.
Given that horseradish and radish are low on carbs, they are ideal foods to be consumed on keto diets.
Horseradish has an advantage over radish due to its higher content of fibers.
Radish, on the other hand, can be an alternate use of potato. Some keto recipes consider radish as one of the main ingredients of the dish.
Since both are plants, they can be easily consumed in vegan diets without any issues.
They both can provide extra flavor and texture to dishes.
It is recommended to eat radish by people who suffer from high calcium oxalate levels in urine and calcium oxalate kidney stones. Radish has an effect on solubilizing the calcium oxalate crystals and excreting them from the body in urine.
Horseradish and radish extracts have anti-inflammatory effects that have a similar effect compared to NSAIDs, like aspirin or ibuprofen. (1) (2)
Horseradish extract has antioxidant effects, they function in scavenging oxidants and superoxides. These oxidants and superoxides are causative agents of many diseases including cancer. (3)
On the other hand, radishes have high antioxidative properties. These are attributed to their bioactive elements that fight off oxidation generated by the disease. (4)
Horseradish extract has antimutagenic effects meaning that whenever there is a mutation in the DNA that induces cancer, horseradish extract has proven to eliminate the oxidative agents that cause that mutation and have direct antimutagenic effects on the DNA. (5)
On the other hand, radish, specifically radish leaves, have anti-tumor effects that induce apoptosis of cancer cells; (programmed cell death of cancer cells). (6)
Radishes have positive effects on cardiovascular health. As previously mentioned they reduce oxidative stress and inflammation which prevents blood vessel damage. In addition, it reduces blood pressure since it has anti-hypertensive properties. (7)
On the other hand, horseradish has antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties which also decrease risks of developing cardiovascular diseases.
Radish has an anti-diabetic effect, it firstly regulates the absorption of dietary glucose. In addition to this, it has regulatory effects of hormonal regulation of blood sugar balance.
Radish has an alkaline pH which reduces reflux in people who suffer from acidic reflux and heartburns.
Downsides & Risks
Although horseradish has an alkaline pH; if consumed in large amounts it would induce stomach irritation and reflux. If consumed in large amounts, it can also induce vomiting. It is important to consume it in moderate amounts.
Long-term consumption of radish has a negative effect on the thyroid gland. It mimics the symptoms of iodine deficiency hypothyroidism, even though iodine levels are normal.
Long-term ingestion of horseradish extract has shown to cause lesions in the urinary bladder. (9)
In summary, horseradish is richer in sodium, calcium, magnesium, vitamin C, and folate. Although radishes are also a good source of vitamin C. Radishes are richer in water and have fewer calories. They have various beneficial effects on overall health.
Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores
Comparison summary table
|Lower in Sugar|
|Lower in Sodium|
|Lower in Saturated Fat|
|Lower in glycemic index|
|Lower in price|
|Rich in minerals|
|Lower in Cholesterol||Equal|
|Rich in vitamins||Equal|
Which food is preferable for your diet?
|Low Calories diet|
|Low Fats diet|
|Low Carbs diet|
|Low glycemic index diet|
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All nutrients comparison - raw data values