Oatmeal vs Rice - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison
Rice is a grain that comes in many sizes, shapes, and colors. We will discuss long, white, regular, and enriched rice in this article. It is important to remember that when using enriched rice, it is not recommended to drain the rice and discard the boiling water. Many of the enriched elements are removed by the discharged water.
About 9,000 years ago, China first harvested rice. Rice is now the third most harvested agricultural product, after sugarcane and corn. The world highly depends on rice when it comes to gastronomy. It is now used in various culinary cultures around the world, including Asian cuisine, Arabic cuisine, Eurasian cuisine, Mexican cuisine, etc.
In addition to cooking, rice is also used in making different types of alcoholic beverages, for example, saki.
Oats is another grain cereal. Its origin is different from that of rice. Oats were originally harvested in the fertile crescent found in the Middle East today. The difference in regional cultivation of is that oats require fertile, well-irrigated soil to grow.
This article will cover cooked and processed forms of oats called oatmeal. Oat is the raw food with the longest cooking time, while oatmeal is a cut and pressed form of oat. Oatmeal that takes a few minutes to prepare. Like rice, oats are fermented into alcoholic beverages.
Varieties and culinary world
Rice is one of the most commonly used cereal grains in the culinary world. The commonest rice preparations are pilaf and the side dish rice pilaf that is associated with different types of meals. Rice can also be used in soup making, dessert making like rice pudding. Rice cakes are also prepared for diets and weight loss food plans.
In the culinary world, there are many distinct varieties of oat preparations. Oat is a cereal grain that is produced, and it is used to make meals such as overnight oats, oatmeal, rolled oats, masala oats, and porridge oats.
Overnight oats are breakfast oats that have digestive and gastronomic benefits from soaking overnight. Soaking oats makes them simpler to digest and allows them to absorb more flavors.
Oatmeal is prepared by crushing oats, which makes it easier to prepare and decreases the cooking or preparation time to 10 minutes, as opposed to overnight soaking or hours of heating for regular oats.
It is important to mention that rice should never be consumed raw as it might be covered with dirt, bacteria, and other unwanted elements. However, oatmeal can be consumed raw but it is usually unpleasant and hard to eat in that way.
Rice is cheaper than oatmeal. Rice is available in different varieties and available worldwide as it is considered one of the most essential grains to have in every household.
Rice and oatmeal if stored properly can have a long shelf life that can extend over years. However, it is important to store both of them properly away from humidity and sunlight.
In this article, we are going to discuss the difference between rice and oatmeal based on their nutritional content, diet and weight loss, and health impacts.
Nutritional data comparison
Oatmeal has a higher glycemic index than rice. Rice is categorized as a medium glycemic index food and has a glycemic index equal to 60. On the other hand, oatmeal has a higher glycemic index with a glycemic index equal to 79.
Rice is higher in calories compared to oatmeal. Rice has double the calories than oatmeal.
Rice is higher in carbs compared to oatmeal. Rice has 2.3 times more carbs than oatmeal. The amount of carbs in rice is high.
Although the amount of carb is higher in rice, however, the amount of fiber is lower in price compared to oatmeal. Oatmeal is richer in fibers.
The amount of fat is negligible in both foods, however, oatmeal contains a slightly higher amount of fat than rice. It is important to note that this amount is mostly distributed in polyunsaturated fats.
The amount of protein in rice and oatmeal is nearly similar, however, it is not very relevant. They both contain around 2.5g per 100g of each.
Oatmeal has a richer and more versatile mineral profile compared to rice. Oatmeal is richer in iron, copper, magnesium, and zinc. 300g of oatmeal can satisfy the recommended daily value of iron by more than 100%
Like the mineral profile, oatmeal has a richer and more versatile vitamin profile than rice. Oatmeal is richer in vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, and vitamin A. On the other hand, rice is richer in vitamin B5 and folate.
Diet and weight loss
Rice, if associated with a healthy diet, can promote weight loss if it has insufficient calories or promotes a healthy and balanced diet. Associated with meal rice makes the person feel fuller faster, thus reducing the number of calories consumed. Rice is widely consumed in Asian cuisine. It is linked to a healthy diet and can promote good health when consumed in moderation.
Oatmeal is also associated with a healthy and well-balanced diet. It is usually associated with an energy-boosting and balanced breakfast. Oatmeal with milk, which can be vegan or dairy, in addition to different types of fruits is a great way to start your day.
Vegans have no restrictions when it comes to rice and oatmeal.
Vegans can use rice milk as a substitute for dairy milk. Rice milk is sweeter than other non-dairy milk and is often supplemented with vitamins and minerals.
Additionally, as an alternative to dairy milk, oats milk is available on the market.
Rice and oatmeal are high in carbs and are not allowed to be consumed in the keto diet. Other low-carb seeds and cereals can be used as an alternative to rice and oats.
The difference here comes in the absorption of carbs from oatmeal and rice.
Rice carbs are readily more absorbable from the digestive tract than oatmeal. Oatmeal is richer in complex carbs although rice is higher in total carbs. Rice is suitable to give a quick boost in carbs pre or post-workouts. However, oatmeal provides a longer and slower carb release into the system. Both are suitable for bodybuilding however when to eat is the important application of each.
Most baby formulas are rice-based, and rice is easier to digest and to consume for babies mostly due to its softness.
The rice diet is a calorie-restricted diet that claims to promote weight loss. The daily calorie intake is initially set at 800. (which is also called the detox period).
After that, the calorie count is increased to 1000 each day until the ideal weight is reached. This diet permits grains, fruits, and vegetables to be consumed.
Experts, on the other hand, argue that this diet isn't as healthy as it claims, because it prioritizes a high carbohydrate intake with a medium glycemic index. Furthermore, protein, fat, and other vitamins are not consumed, which could lead to malnutrition if sustained over time (weeks). As a result, the rice diet isn't recommended for long-term use.
It's crucial to note that the minimum calorie consumption for a healthy diet is 1600.
This diet is not recommended for long-term weight loss for persons who are involved in their regular life, such as work or exercise. It is useful in hypertension individuals since it is a low-fat, low-sodium diet. However, medications to treat hypertension are now accessible. Classifying this as a fad diet.
Rice and oat are gluten-free and can be consumed in celiac disease catered diets and gluten intolerance diets. They are good alternatives for wheat and barley.
People who suffer from lactose intolerance can consume rice and oat milk which are alternatives to dairy milk.
It's worth noting that moderate white rice-eating has no link to the development of cardiovascular disease. (1)
Consumption of oats is linked to lower levels of serum cholesterol and blood sugar, which lowers the risk of developing hypertension and cardiovascular disease. (2)
There is a link between white rice intake and the development of type 2 diabetes, according to this study. (3)
Blood glucose and cholesterol levels were shown to be lower in people with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes. Hypercholesterolemia and hyperglycemia management are associated with oat consumption. (4)
Consuming whole-grain cereals like oats lowers the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It also helps to maintain blood glucose and lipid levels in check. When compared to other cereal grains, oat-based diets have lower fatty acid absorption. (5)
The intake of rice has no link to the development of cancer. (6)
On lung cancer cells, beta-glucans found in oats show anti-carcinogenic capabilities. (7)
Oatmeal consumption is associated with a reduced risk of diverticulitis. Furthermore, it lowers cholesterol absorption, which has a beneficial influence on overall metabolism. (8)
The consumption of oats has been linked to better development of intestinal microbiota. (9)
Numerous amounts of foods contain trace amounts of arsenic and these amounts are not a concern. However, mass-produced rice that contains higher amounts of arsenic than normally is found. These are mostly due to polluted water and soil near industrial sources. Arsenic concentration has several negative effects such as cardiovascular problems, metabolic disorders and diabetes, neurological disorders, and birth defects in pregnancy. (10)
Rice is higher in calories, carbs, richer in vitamins B5 and folate. On the other hand, oatmeal is richer in most minerals and vitamins, and overall is a healthier alternative than rice with more benefits. However, rice is more versatile in gastronomy and a cheaper grain.
Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores
Comparison summary table
|Lower in Sugar|
|Lower in Sodium|
|Lower in Saturated Fat|
|Lower in glycemic index|
|Lower in price|
|Rich in minerals|
|Rich in vitamins|
|Lower in Cholesterol||Equal|
Which food is preferable for your diet?
|Low Calories diet|
|Low Fats diet|
|Low Carbs diet|
|Low glycemic index diet|
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All nutrients comparison - raw data values