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Tarragon vs Thyme - Health impact and Nutrition Comparison

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Article author photo Ani Harutyunyan by Ani Harutyunyan | Last updated on June 10, 2022
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Tarragon
vs
Thyme

Summary

Tarragon is higher in proteins, fats, and carbs. Thyme contains fewer calories. Thyme is three times higher in vitamin C. Tarragon is higher in all minerals and B-complex vitamins.

Introduction

Although both are herbs with a distinct aroma, tarragon and thyme have a lot of differences in terms of the nutrients they provide. This article will compare the nutritional values and health impacts of raw tarragon (1) and fresh thyme(2).

Macronutrients

Tarragon and thyme are rich in macronutrients, such as carbs, proteins, and fats. However, these two herbs differ in the distribution of these compounds.

Proteins

Although tarragon and thyme are not animal food products, they are surprisingly rich in protein. 100g of tarragon provides more protein (22.8g) than the same amount of thyme (5.56g).

Fats

Tarragon and thyme are relatively richer in fats than the other plant food products. Tarragon is higher in fats than thyme. It has 7.2g of fats compared to 1.7g in thyme. Tarragon is richer in polyunsaturated fats, which help to reduce harmful cholesterol levels in the blood.

Carbs

In carbs, tarragon is approximately two times higher than thyme. It provides 50.2g of carbs per 100g, while the same amount of thyme contains 24.5g.

Thyme provides 14g of dietary fiber per 100g, while the same serving of tarragon contains only 7.4g of it. Thyme is rich in both insoluble and soluble fiber.

Thyme is lower in net carbs: 100g of it has 10.5g of net carbs, while the same amount of tarragon contains 42.8g.

Calories

Both thyme and tarragon are moderate-calorie foods. However, tarragon is higher in calories than thyme: it contains 295 calories, while thyme provides only 101 calories.

Vitamins

The two herbs are packed with different vitamins. Tarragon is an excellent source of B-complex vitamins: it is higher in vitamins B1, B2, B3, and B6.

Thyme is richer in vitamins A and C. Thyme provides three times more vitamin C.

Thyme contains vitamin B5, while tarragon does not provide any amount of it.

Vitamin Comparison

Vitamin comparison score is based on the number of vitamins by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
:
3
Thyme
Contains more Vitamin B1 +422.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +184.3%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +390.7%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +592.5%
Contains more Folate +508.9%
Contains more Vitamin A +13.1%
Contains more Vitamin C +220.2%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 252% 0% 0% 167% 63% 309% 168% 0% 557% 206% 0% 0%
Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 286% 0% 0% 534% 12% 109% 35% 25% 81% 34% 0% 0%
Contains more Vitamin B1 +422.9%
Contains more Vitamin B2 +184.3%
Contains more Vitamin B3 +390.7%
Contains more Vitamin B6 +592.5%
Contains more Folate +508.9%
Contains more Vitamin A +13.1%
Contains more Vitamin C +220.2%

Minerals

Tarragon is the champion in this section. It is higher in calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, zinc, iron, and copper.

Tarragon provides nearly five times more potassium than thyme: it has 3020mg per 100g of herb, while the same amount of thyme contains only 609mg.

You can check the mineral composition of these two fruits based on the DV coverage in the chart below.

Mineral Comparison

Mineral comparison score is based on the number of minerals by which one or the other food is richer. The "coverage" chart below show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of the food
:
1
Thyme
Contains more Calcium +181.2%
Contains more Iron +85.1%
Contains more Magnesium +116.9%
Contains more Phosphorus +195.3%
Contains more Potassium +395.9%
Contains more Zinc +115.5%
Contains more Copper +22%
Contains less Sodium -85.5%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 342% 1212% 248% 135% 267% 9% 107% 226%
Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper 122% 655% 115% 46% 54% 2% 50% 185%
Contains more Calcium +181.2%
Contains more Iron +85.1%
Contains more Magnesium +116.9%
Contains more Phosphorus +195.3%
Contains more Potassium +395.9%
Contains more Zinc +115.5%
Contains more Copper +22%
Contains less Sodium -85.5%

Antibacterial effects

Many companies use natural additives to help preserve food and fight bacteria that cause foodborne illness (3).

Tarragon and thyme oils have antibacterial effects against resistant strains of some bacteria that cause foodborne illness. Research (4) shows that tarragon oil is effective against Staphylococcus aureus and E.Coli. Thyme oil is also protective against Enterococcus and Pseudomonas bacteria (5).

References

  1. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170937/nutrients
  2. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/173470/nutrients
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6500530/
  4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22783458/
  5. Antibacterial Activity of Thyme and Lavender Essential Oils
Article author photo Ani Harutyunyan
Education: General Medicine at YSMU
Last updated: June 10, 2022

Infographic

Tarragon vs Thyme infographic
Infographic link

Comparison summary table

Pay attention to the most right column. It shows the amounts side by side, making it easier to realize the amount of difference.
Tarragon Thyme
Lower in Sodium ok
Lower in Saturated Fat ok
Lower in price ok
Lower in glycemic index ok
Rich in minerals ok
Lower in Sugar Equal
Lower in Cholesterol Equal
Rich in vitamins Equal

All nutrients comparison - raw data values

Nutrient Tarragon Thyme Opinion
Net carbs 42.82g 10.45g Tarragon
Protein 22.77g 5.56g Tarragon
Fats 7.24g 1.68g Tarragon
Carbs 50.22g 24.45g Tarragon
Calories 295kcal 101kcal Tarragon
Starch g g
Fructose g g
Sugar g g
Fiber 7.4g 14g Thyme
Calcium 1139mg 405mg Tarragon
Iron 32.3mg 17.45mg Tarragon
Magnesium 347mg 160mg Tarragon
Phosphorus 313mg 106mg Tarragon
Potassium 3020mg 609mg Tarragon
Sodium 62mg 9mg Thyme
Zinc 3.9mg 1.81mg Tarragon
Copper 0.677mg 0.555mg Tarragon
Vitamin A 4200IU 4751IU Thyme
Vitamin E mg mg
Vitamin D 0IU 0IU
Vitamin D 0µg 0µg
Vitamin C 50mg 160.1mg Thyme
Vitamin B1 0.251mg 0.048mg Tarragon
Vitamin B2 1.339mg 0.471mg Tarragon
Vitamin B3 8.95mg 1.824mg Tarragon
Vitamin B5 mg 0.409mg Thyme
Vitamin B6 2.41mg 0.348mg Tarragon
Folate 274µg 45µg Tarragon
Vitamin B12 0µg 0µg
Vitamin K µg µg
Tryptophan mg 0.114mg Thyme
Threonine mg 0.154mg Thyme
Isoleucine mg 0.285mg Thyme
Leucine mg 0.262mg Thyme
Lysine mg 0.126mg Thyme
Methionine mg mg
Phenylalanine mg mg
Valine mg 0.307mg Thyme
Histidine mg mg
Cholesterol 0mg 0mg
Trans Fat 0g 0g
Saturated Fat 1.881g 0.467g Thyme
Monounsaturated Fat 0.474g 0.081g Tarragon
Polyunsaturated fat 3.698g 0.532g Tarragon

Which food is preferable for your diet?

ok
ok
is better in case of low diet
Tarragon Thyme
Low Fats diet ok
Low Carbs diet ok
Low Calories diet ok
Low glycemic index diet ok

People also compare

Vitamin and Mineral Summary Scores

The summary score is calculated by summing up the daily values contained in 300 grams of the product. Obviously the more the food fulfills human daily needs, the more the summary score is.
Vitamin Summary Score
143
Tarragon
93
Thyme
Mineral Summary Score
318
Tarragon
153
Thyme

Macronutrients Comparison

Macronutrient comparison charts compare the amount of protein, total fats, and total carbohydrates in 300 grams of the food. The displayed values show how much of the daily needs can be covered by 300 grams of food.
Protein
137%
Tarragon
33%
Thyme
Carbohydrates
50%
Tarragon
24%
Thyme
Fats
33%
Tarragon
8%
Thyme

Comparison summary

Which food contains less Sodium?
Thyme
Thyme contains less Sodium (difference - 53mg)
Which food is lower in Saturated Fat?
Thyme
Thyme is lower in Saturated Fat (difference - 1.414g)
Which food is cheaper?
Thyme
Thyme is cheaper (difference - $3.8)
Which food is lower in glycemic index?
Tarragon
Tarragon is lower in glycemic index (difference - 45)
Which food is richer in minerals?
Tarragon
Tarragon is relatively richer in minerals
Which food contains less Sugar?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Sugar ( g)
Which food contains less Cholesterol?
?
The foods are relatively equal in Cholesterol (0 mg)
Which food is richer in vitamins?
?
It cannot be stated which food is richer in vitamins. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information. See the charts below for detailed information.

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Tarragon - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170937/nutrients
  2. Thyme - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/173470/nutrients

All the Daily Values are presented for males aged 31-50, for 2000 calorie diets.

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.