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Pizza nutrition, glycemic index, calories, and serving size

Fast Food, Pizza Chain, 14" pizza, cheese topping, regular crust
*all the values are displayed for the amount of 100 grams

Pizza Glycemic index (GI)

60

Pizza is a versatile dish with various interchangeable ingredients. Traditionally, pizza consists of a wheat based dough and toppings such as cheese and tomatoes. Depending on these toppings, the glycemic index of a pizza can naturally greatly vary. 

Based on the numbers from The International Tables of Glycemic Index Values, cheese pizza from Canada has a glycemic index of 60. At the same time pizza, served with parmesan cheese and tomato sauce, from Italy has a GI of 80 (1).

The pan “Super Supreme” pizza with a thick crust, containing ham, peperoni, Italian sausage, beef, pork, mushrooms, green pepper, onions and black olives, has a glycemic index of 36±6. The GI of the same pizza with a thin and crisp crust falls in the range of 30±4. Stone baked pizza with vegetables, pesto and feta cheese has a GI of 54±4 (2).

Pizza with shredded mozzarella cheese and a tomato base, from Australia, has a glycemic index of 60 (3).

As most pizza toppings such as tomatoes, cheese and meat have low glycemic indices, it can be presumed that a pizza’s glycemic index mostly depends on the qualities of the pizza dough. Research shows that pizzas made from refined wheat flour, as opposed to whole wheat or mixed flours, have a higher glycemic index (4).

Pizza, baked with sourdough instead of brewer’s yeast and leavened for a longer amount of time resulted in a lower blood glucose level after consumption (5).

In conclusion, most types of commercial pizzas have a moderate to high glycemic indices, however, through alteration of methods of preparation, the glycemic index of a pizza can be lowered.

Sources.

  1. https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/diacare/suppl/2008/09/18/dc08-1239.DC1/TableA2_1.pdf
  2. https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/diacare/suppl/2008/09/18/dc08-1239.DC1/TableA1_1.pdf
  3. https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/93/5/984/4597984
  4. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340909542
  5. https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/42/10/e157
Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Profession: Yerevan State Medical University
Last updated: March 20, 2021

Important nutritional characteristics for Pizza

Pizza
Glycemic index ⓘ Source:
https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/diacare/suppl/2008/09/18/dc08-1239.DC1/TableA2_1.pdf
60 (medium)
Serving Size ⓘ Serving sizes are taken from FDA's Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed (RACCs)
1 slice (107 grams)
Acidity (Based on PRAL) ⓘ PRAL (Potential renal acid load) is calculated using a formula. On the PRAL scale the higher the positive value, the more is the acidifying effect on the body. The lower the negative value, the higher the alkalinity of the food. 0 is neutral.
6.9 (acidic )
Calories
266
88% Calcium
84% Sodium
78% Vitamin B1
75% Carbs
75% Folate
Explanation: The given food contains more Calcium than 88% of foods. Note that this food itself is richer in Calcium than it is in any other nutrient. Similarly, it is relatively rich in Sodium, Vitamin B1, Carbs, and Folate.

Check out similar food or compare with current

Macronutrients chart

12% 10% 34% 44% 3%
Protein:
Daily Value: 23%
11.39 g of 50 g
23%
Fats:
Daily Value: 15%
9.69 g of 65 g
15%
Carbs:
Daily Value: 11%
33.33 g of 300 g
11%
Water:
Daily Value: 2%
43.17 g of 2,000 g
2%
Other:
2.42 g

NEW NUTRITION FACTS LABEL

Nutrition Facts
___servings per container
Serving Size ______________
Amount Per 100g
Calories 266
% Daily Value*
15%
Total Fat 10g
18%
Saturated Fat 4g
Trans Fat g
6%
Cholesterol 17mg
26%
Sodium 598mg
11%
Total Carbohydrate 33g
8%
Dietary Fiber 2g
Total Sugars g
Includes ? g Added Sugars
Protein 11g
Vitamin D 0mcg 0%

Calcium 188mg 19%

Iron 2mg 25%

Potassium 172mg 5%

*
The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Health checks

Low in Cholesterol
ok
details
Dietary cholesterol is not associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in healthy individuals. However, dietary cholesterol is common in foods that are high in harmful saturated fats.
Source
No Trans Fats
limit break
details
Trans fat consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality by negatively affecting blood lipid levels.
Source
Low in Saturated Fats
ok
details
Saturated fat intake can raise total cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) levels, leading to an increased risk of atherosclerosis. Dietary guidelines recommend limiting saturated fats to under 10% of calories a day.
Source
Low in Sodium
ok
details
Increased sodium consumption leads to elevated blood pressure.
Source
Low in Sugars
ok
details
While the consumption of moderate amounts of added sugars is not detrimental to health, an excessive intake can increase the risk of obesity, and therefore, diabetes.
Source

Pizza nutrition infographic

Pizza nutrition infographic
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Mineral coverage chart

Calcium Iron Magnesium Phosphorus Potassium Sodium Zinc Copper Manganese Selenium Choline 57% 93% 18% 93% 16% 78% 37% 35% 47% 109% 9%
Calcium: 188 mg of 1,000 mg 19%
Iron: 2.48 mg of 8 mg 31%
Magnesium: 24 mg of 420 mg 6%
Phosphorus: 216 mg of 700 mg 31%
Potassium: 172 mg of 3,400 mg 5%
Sodium: 598 mg of 2,300 mg 26%
Zinc: 1.34 mg of 11 mg 12%
Copper: 0.105 mg of 1 mg 12%
Manganese: 0.36 mg of 2 mg 16%
Selenium: 19.9 µg of 55 µg 36%
Choline: 16.4 mg of 550 mg 3%

Mineral chart - relative view

Calcium
188 mg
TOP 12%
Sodium
598 mg
TOP 16%
Iron
2.48 mg
TOP 28%
Phosphorus
216 mg
TOP 31%
Manganese
0.36 mg
TOP 42%
Magnesium
24 mg
TOP 46%
Selenium
19.9 µg
TOP 47%
Zinc
1.34 mg
TOP 47%
Copper
0.105 mg
TOP 50%
Potassium
172 mg
TOP 66%
Choline
16.4 mg
TOP 78%

Vitamin coverage chart

Vitamin A Vitamin E Vitamin D Vitamin C Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Vitamin K 22% 17% 0% 5% 98% 45% 72% 0% 19% 70% 53% 17%
Vitamin A: 358 IU of 5,000 IU 7%
Vitamin E : 0.83 mg of 15 mg 6%
Vitamin D: 0 µg of 10 µg 0%
Vitamin C: 1.4 mg of 90 mg 2%
Vitamin B1: 0.39 mg of 1 mg 33%
Vitamin B2: 0.195 mg of 1 mg 15%
Vitamin B3: 3.825 mg of 16 mg 24%
Vitamin B5: mg of 5 mg 0%
Vitamin B6: 0.08 mg of 1 mg 6%
Folate: 93 µg of 400 µg 23%
Vitamin B12: 0.42 µg of 2 µg 18%
Vitamin K: 6.7 µg of 120 µg 6%

Vitamin chart - relative view

Vitamin B1
0.39 mg
TOP 22%
Folate
93 µg
TOP 25%
Vitamin A
358 IU
TOP 27%
Vitamin C
1.4 mg
TOP 39%
Vitamin B3
3.825 mg
TOP 43%
Vitamin B2
0.195 mg
TOP 47%
Vitamin E
0.83 mg
TOP 49%
Vitamin B12
0.42 µg
TOP 51%
Vitamin K
6.7 µg
TOP 53%
Vitamin B6
0.08 mg
TOP 70%
Vitamin D
0 µg
TOP 100%

Protein quality breakdown

Tryptophan Threonine Isoleucine Leucine Lysine Methionine Phenylalanine Valine Histidine 0% 118% 121% 126% 110% 76% 114% 119% 153%
Tryptophan: 0 mg of 280 mg 0%
Threonine: 410 mg of 1,050 mg 39%
Isoleucine: 564 mg of 1,400 mg 40%
Leucine: 1139 mg of 2,730 mg 42%
Lysine: 770 mg of 2,100 mg 37%
Methionine: 264 mg of 1,050 mg 25%
Phenylalanine: 664 mg of 1,750 mg 38%
Valine: 720 mg of 1,820 mg 40%
Histidine: 355 mg of 700 mg 51%

Fat type information

4.465% 2.608% 1.681%
Saturated Fat: 4.465 g
Monounsaturated Fat: 2.608 g
Polyunsaturated fat: 1.681 g

Carbohydrate type breakdown

26.95% 0.78% 1% 1.05%
Starch: 26.95 g
Sucrose: 0.2 g
Glucose: 0.78 g
Fructose: 1 g
Lactose: 0.42 g
Maltose: 1.05 g
Galactose: 0.13 g

Fiber content ratio for Pizza

3.58% 2.3% 27.45%
Sugar: 3.58 g
Fiber: 2.3 g
Other: 27.45 g

All nutrients for Pizza per 100g

Nutrient DV% In TOP % of foods Value Comparison
Protein 27% 41% 11.39g 4 times more than Broccoli
Fats 15% 35% 9.69g 3.4 times less than Cheese
Carbs 11% 25% 33.33g 1.2 times more than Rice
Calories 13% 35% 266kcal 5.7 times more than Orange
Starch 11% 90% 26.95g 1.8 times more than Potato
Fructose 1% 86% 1g 5.9 times less than Apple
Sugar 0% 52% 3.58g 2.5 times less than Coca-Cola
Fiber 9% 33% 2.3g Equal to Orange
Calcium 19% 12% 188mg 1.5 times more than Milk
Iron 31% 28% 2.48mg Equal to Beef
Magnesium 6% 46% 24mg 5.8 times less than Almond
Phosphorus 31% 31% 216mg 1.2 times more than Chicken meat
Potassium 5% 66% 172mg 1.2 times more than Cucumber
Sodium 26% 16% 598mg 1.2 times more than White Bread
Zinc 12% 47% 1.34mg 4.7 times less than Beef
Copper 12% 50% 0.11mg 1.4 times less than Shiitake
Vitamin E 6% 49% 0.83mg 1.8 times less than Kiwifruit
Vitamin D 0% 100% 0µg N/A
Vitamin C 2% 39% 1.4mg 37.9 times less than Lemon
Vitamin B1 33% 22% 0.39mg 1.5 times more than Pea
Vitamin B2 15% 47% 0.2mg 1.5 times more than Avocado
Vitamin B3 24% 43% 3.83mg 2.5 times less than Turkey meat
Vitamin B6 6% 70% 0.08mg 1.5 times less than Oat
Folate 23% 25% 93µg 1.5 times more than Brussels sprout
Vitamin B12 18% 51% 0.42µg 1.7 times less than Pork
Vitamin K 6% 53% 6.7µg 15.2 times less than Broccoli
Threonine 0% 75% 0.41mg 1.8 times less than Beef
Isoleucine 0% 72% 0.56mg 1.6 times less than Salmon
Leucine 0% 71% 1.14mg 2.1 times less than Tuna
Lysine 0% 73% 0.77mg 1.7 times more than Tofu
Methionine 0% 73% 0.26mg 2.8 times more than Quinoa
Phenylalanine 0% 70% 0.66mg Equal to Egg
Valine 0% 71% 0.72mg 2.8 times less than Soybean
Histidine 0% 73% 0.36mg 2.1 times less than Turkey meat
Cholesterol 6% 44% 17mg 21.9 times less than Egg
Trans Fat 0% 54% 0.24g 61.8 times less than Margarine
Saturated Fat 22% 27% 4.47g 1.3 times less than Beef
Monounsaturated Fat 0% 47% 2.61g 3.8 times less than Avocado
Polyunsaturated fat 0% 35% 1.68g 28.1 times less than Walnut

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article and glycemic index text the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact link to the food presented on this page can be found below.

  1. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/173292/nutrients

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.
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